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- z The Great Pyramid of Giza
July 23, 2010
Doctrine of The Tabernacle
I. Definition and Description
A. The Tabernacle was the meeting place between God (Jesus Christ) and Moses and later between Jesus and the High Priest of the Israel. This meeting place was where TLJC would give them instructions for worship and governing the people.
B. The “first fully equipped” tabernacle was a tent like structure so that it could be set up and taken down where ever God wanted the Israelites to stay for a certain period of time. It was used during the 40 years the Israelites were in the desert of Egypt and Arabia. Prior to this tabernacle the first one was just a simple tent of meeting for Moses and the Lord to meet and speak, as close friends. (Ex. 33:11a).
C. When this tabernacle was completed, God showed His approval of the construction by bringing His full glory into the Holy of Holies. At this time, Moses nor the Priests could enter. (Ex. 40:34-38) For no man can see the full glory of the God and live.(Ex. 33:20)
D. The tabernacle in the desert (wilderness) had a cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night (TLJC) dwelling above it. When TLJC wanted to speak with Moses or vice versa, or the High Priest the cloud or pillar of fire would descend into the meeting tent. (Ex. 33:7:11)
E. The Tabernacle’s construction, its articles and furniture showed the Israelites and us today many wonderful pictures of our Lord Jesus Christ and of the Trinity.
F. There are several tabernacles that have been created thus far in history, two in the wilderness, three built of a more permanent nature – Temples (Solomon, Zerubbabel, Herod), one yet to be created (in the process of being created today) and one final tabernacle in the New Jerusalem.
G. Seven in all – with the seventh coming in Glory with TLJC in the new Jerusalem, signifying Jesus’ completed work of dwelling among men and the completion of man’s fellowship with God on Earth ushering in the eternal state.
H. All tabernacles were patterned after the Throne room of God the Father, created before the foundation of the world.
1) Mishkan (/K^v=m!) (noun) – of the Tabernacle, a dwelling
a) Ex. 25:9 “According to all that I am going to show you, as the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furniture, just so you shall construct it.”
2) Hammishkan (/K*v=m!h^) (noun) – the Tabernacle
a) Ex. 36:13-14 “And he made fifty clasps of gold, and joined the curtains to one another with the clasps, so the tabernacle was a unit. Then he made curtains of goats’ hair for a tent over the tabernacle; he made eleven curtains in all.”
3) Lammishkan (/K*v=m!l^) (noun) – for the Tabernacle
a) Ex. 38:21 “This is the number of the things for the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the testimony, as they were numbered according to the command of Moses, for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, the son of Aaron the priest.”
b) 1 Chron 21:29 “For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering were in the high place at Gibeon at that time.”
4) Ohel (O h# a)) (noun) – Tent
a) Ex. 33:7 “Now Moses used to take the tent and pitch it outside the camp, a good distance from the camp, and he called it the tent of meeting. And it came about, that everyone who sought the LORD would go out to the tent of meeting which was outside the camp.”
b) Ex. 40:6 “And you shall set the altar of burnt offering in front of the doorway of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting.”
5) Mo edh (du@om) (noun) – meeting
a) Ex. 40:6-7 “And you shall set the altar of burnt offering in front of the doorway of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting. And you shall set the laver between the tent of meeting and the altar, and put water in it.”
6) Sheveth (tb#v#l*) (verb) to dwell
a) Ex 2:21 “And Moses was willing to dwell with the man, and he gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses.”
7) Shakhan (yn!b+v*) (verb) dwelling
a) Ex 29:46 “And they shall know that I am the LORD their God who brought them out of the land of Egypt, for my dwelling in their midst; I am the LORD their God.”
1) Skene (skhnh/) (noun) A tent, booth, tabernacle, tents as dwellings, to dwell in a tent or tabernacle (habitations)
a) Matt 17:4 “And Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, I will make three tabernacles here, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”
b) Mark 9:5 “And Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three tabernacles, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”"
c) Luke 9:33 “And it came about, as these were parting from Him, Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three tabernacles: one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah”– not realizing what he was saying.”
d) Luke 16:9 “And I say to you, make friends for yourselves by means of the mammon of unrighteousness; that when it fails, they may receive you into the eternal dwellings.”
e) Heb 11:9 “By faith he lived as an alien in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, fellow heirs of the same promise;”
2) Skenos (skh=nos) (noun) Of the body as the tabernacle of the soul
a) 2 Corn 5:1 “For we know that if the earthly tent which is our house is torn down, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.”
b) 2 Cor 5:4 “For indeed while we are in this tent, we groan, being burdened, because we do not want to be unclothed, but to be clothed, in order that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life.”
3) Skenoma (skh/nwma) (noun) a booth, a tent pitched, dwelling place, (metaphorically of the body as a temporary dwelling)
a) Acts 7:46 “And David found favor in God’s sight, and asked that he might find a dwelling place for the God of Jacob.”
b) Peter 1:13 “And I consider it right, as long as I am in this earthly dwelling, to stir you up by way of reminder,”
c) 2 Pet 1:14 “knowing that the laying aside of my earthly dwelling is imminent, as also our Lord Jesus Christ has made clear to me.”
4) Skenoo (skenovo) (verb) to pitch a tent, to tabernacle, dwell, dwelt, tabernacled, shall dwell, spread a tabernacle
a) John 1:14 “And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.”
b) Rev 7:15 “”For this reason, they are before the throne of God; and they serve Him day and night in His temple; and He who sits on the throne shall spread His tabernacle over them.”
c) Rev 12:12 “”For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time.”"
d) Rev 13:6 “And he opened his mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme His name and His tabernacle, that is, those who dwell in heaven.”
e) Rev 21:3 “And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He shall dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself shall be among them,”
5) Oikeo (oijkevo) (verb) to dwell, the indwelling of the Holy Spirit in the Believer
a) Rom 8:9 “However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him.”
b) Rom 8:11 But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who indwells you.”
6) Oikos (oi@kos) (noun) a house, a dwelling
a) Mat 12:4 “how he entered the house of God, and they ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those with him, but for the priests alone?”
7) .Oiketerion (oijkhth/rion) (noun) a habitation, House (dwelling place of Angels)
a) Jude 6 “And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day.”
b) Corn 5:2 “For indeed in this house we groan, longing to be clothed with our dwelling from heaven;”
Katoikeo (katoikevo) (verb) To settle down in a dwelling, to dwell in a fixed place (the indwelling of Christ in the hearts of believers)
a) Eph 3:17 “so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; and that you, being rooted and grounded in love,”
9) Katoiketerion (katoijkhth/rion) (noun) permanent dwelling, permanent habitation, dwelling place of the Holy Spirit
a) Eph 2:22 “in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.”
10) Enoikeo (ejnoike/w) (verb), to dwell in, spiritual indwelling of God the Holy Spirit in believers
a) Corn 6:16 – God “Or what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; just as God said, “I WILL DWELL IN THEM AND WALK AMONG THEM; AND I WILL BE THEIR GOD, AND THEY SHALL BE MY PEOPLE.”
b) Rom 8:11 “But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who indwells you.”
c) Col 3:16 “Let the word of Christ richly dwell within you, with all wisdom teaching and admonishing one another with psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with thankfulness in your hearts to God.”
A. Mosaic Tabernacle: (tent of Meeting, tabernacle of the congregation)
1) Acts 7:44 “Our fathers had the tabernacle of testimony in the wilderness, just as He who spoke to Moses directed him to make it according to the pattern which he had seen.”
2) Heb 8:5 “who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, just as Moses was warned by God when he was about to erect the tabernacle; for, “SEE,” He says, “THAT YOU MAKE all things ACCORDING TO THE PATTERN WHICH WAS SHOWN YOU ON THE MOUNTAIN.”"
3) Heb. 9:1,2,3,6,8,21,26
B. Heavenly prototype:
1) Heb 8:2; 9:11; Rev 13:6; 15:5
2) Rev 21:3 “And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He shall dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself shall be among them,”
C. Eternal abodes of saints:
1) Luke 16:9 “And I say to you, make friends for yourselves by means of the mammon of unrighteousness; that when it fails, they may receive you into the eternal dwellings.”
D. Temple in the soul vs the Temple in Jerusalem:
1) Heb 13:10 “We have an altar, from which those who serve the tabernacle have no right to eat.”
E. The house of David:
1) Acts 15:16 “AFTER THESE THINGS I will return, AND I WILL REBUILD THE TABERNACLE OF DAVID WHICH HAS FALLEN, AND I WILL REBUILD ITS RUINS, AND I WILL RESTORE IT,”
F. The Portable shrine of the false god Moloch:
1) Acts 7:43 “YOU ALSO TOOK ALONG THE TABERNACLE OF MOLOCH AND THE STAR OF THE GOD ROMPHA, THE IMAGES WHICH YOU MADE TO WORSHIP THEM. I ALSO WILL REMOVE YOU BEYOND BABYLON.”
IV. Dispensations and Typology:
A. Dispensations: Lewis Sperry Chafer: “A period of human history in which God in His prehistoric plan established a specific, divine economy, a commitment from God to man of a responsibility to discharge that which God has appointed in order to execute the Christian way of life.”
1) The dispensations include; Garden of Eden, Gentile, Jewish, Hypostatic Union, Church Age, Tribulation (Completion of the Jewish dispensation – Daniel’s 70th week), and Millennial Reign.
2) Salvation of mankind throughout all of Human history transcends the dispensations in that Jesus Christ – the messiah – the Lord Jehovah is the focal point.
3) The Atonement for sins is the issue and man’s belief in the One who would have, had, and now has had our sins imputed to him and then was judged in our place.
4) Our focus in this study is on the Jewish Dispensation when God gave Moses the Law to show what sin was and gave him the Tabernacle as types of who the Redeemer was and what He would do about those sins.
B. Typology is the study of divinely purposed illustration of some truth, usually illustrating or revealing Jesus Christ.
1) In the Bible there are five different means of typology:
a) the study of a person, i.e. Melchizedek
b) the study of an event; i.e. lifting up the brazen serpent
c) a thing or object; i.e. the tabernacle
d) an institution; i.e. animal sacrifices
e) a ceremonial; i.e. Old testament appointments for the service of God.
V. The Tabernacle: Ex. 25:1-10
A. The inner rooms of the tabernacle were 45 long by 15 wide. Built of shittim (acacia) wood overlaid with gold and then covered with various skins and cloth. It had two unequal chambers divided in two by a magnificent curtain called a veil.
B. The larger room was 30 long by 15 wide called the Holy Place.
C. The ministering priests had access to the Holy Place. The common people did not.
D. The Holy Place was protected by a curtain door of blue, purple, and scarlet which separated the Holy Place from the outer court yard. A Priest would have to be cleansed and consecrated prior to entering the Holy Place.
E. There were three articles of furniture in the Holy Place: The golden candle stick, the table of show-bread, and the golden alter of incense with its accompanying censer.
F. The second chamber was 15 by 15 called the Holy of Holies.
G. The Holy of Holies could only be entered by the High Priest once each year on the Day of Atonement
H. He had to be cleansed and consecrated before entering.
I. On the Day of Atonement He would take the golden censer with burning coals and smoking incense in his hands, pass through the veil and there made atonement in the immediate presence of God for himself and for the people.
J. He had to wear bells on the robe because if he did not cleanse himself of sin prior to entering he would be killed instantly. The other priests would tie a rope around his leg and if the did not hear the bells jingling they assumed he was killed and would drag him out, for they could not enter this room.
K. Within the Holy of Holies the only piece of furniture was the Ark of the Covenant with its lid or cover called the Mercy Seat.
L. The order of the design of the tabernacle given to Moses: Ex. 25 – 29
2) Ark and Mercy Seat
3) Table for Show Breads
Bronze Altar of Sacrifice
9) The Court Yard
10) the Oil for the Lamp
11) The priests garments
12) The priests Consecration
13) The Altar of Incense
14) Offering of Money
15) Bronze Laver
16) Priest’s anointing oil
17) Incense for the Altar of Incense
M. The Order of the construction of the Tabernacle: Ex. 35 – 40
4) Ark and the Mercy Seat
5) Table of Show Breads
7) Altar of Incense
Bronze Altar of Sacrifice
9) Bronze Laver
10) The Court yard
11) Garments for Aaron
N. The Seven Tabernacles Throughout History:
1) Ex. 33:7,11 First meeting place with God – Moses.
2) Ex. 40 – the second tabernacle in the wilderness
3) Kings 5 – 7 – The third Tabernacle – the 1st temple – Solomon
4) Ezra 3 w/ 6:15-18 – the fourth Tabernacle – the 2nd temple – Zerubbabel.
5) John 2:20 – the fifth Tabernacle – the 3rd temple – Herod
6) The one being built today in Jerusalem
7) Ezk 37:26-28 w/ 40:all – 48:all – the seventh and final tabernacle – Christ’s in the New Jerusalem.
O. Synonyms for the Tabernacle:
1) Sanctuary – Ex. 25:8, 2 Chron 20:8,
2) Tent of meeting – Ex 27:21,
3) Tabernacle of Testimony Ex. 38:21,
4) Tent of Testimony – 2 Chron 24:6,
5) Temple of the Lord – 1 Sam 1:9, 3:3,
6) House of the Lord – Joshua 6:24, 2 Chron 23:5,12, Jerm 28:5,
7) Holy Temple Psa 79:1,
Holy House – 1 Chron 29:3,
9) House of God – 1 Chron 29:2, 2 Chron 23:9,
10) Father’s House – John 2:16,
11) House of the God of Jacob – Isa 2:3,
12) Glorious House – Isa 60:7,
13) House of Prayer – Isa 56:7, Mat 21:13,
14) House of Sacrifice – 2 Chron 7:12,
15) House of their Sanctuary – 2 Chron 36:17,
16) Holy and Beautiful House – Isa 64:11,
17) Holy Mount – Isa 27:13,
18) Mountain of the Lord’s House – Isa 2:2,
19) Palace – 1 Chron 29:1,19,
20) Zion – Psa 20:2, 48:12,
P. Why the Tabernacle:
1) The tabernacle was given to the Jews to provide for them various pictures through objects and ritual about the person and saving work of the messiah.
2) During this time in history only the book of Job had been written and was most likely not widely distributed.
3) Even during Job’s time they performed sacrifices and before then even. (Cain and Abel)
4) The Jewish people saw that other nations had gods and images of god(s) and that their God was invisible and only shown through the words of prophets. This was not enough for them.
5) They wanted a visible God like the other nations had, along with rules and regulations about how to execute their lives.
6) Later they also desired to have a “king” to rule over them just like other nations, instead of being led by The King (TLJC) through their prophets. This caused the transition from Samuel to Saul.
7) In addition they did not have the cannon of scripture as an instruction manual, if you will, of how to execute their faith and worship or to show them who and what God is and who and what the Christ is.
In God’s plan He knew that they would yearn for visible signs and wonders and would need pictorial or object lessons to learn and know about God and his plan for their lives and so, He provided for them according to their desires by instructing Moses to write the next 5 books know as the Pentateuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, which include the establishment of the Law and the Tabernacle.
9) The tabernacle is filled with rich and wonderful lessons about Christ and God’s plan.
10) With its design, structure, furniture and priestly worship we see a vivid picture of the glory and grace of Jesus Christ and the privileges of His redeemed people.
11) And in that picture we see Christ as the cornerstone just as He should be in our lives today.
Peter 2:5 “you also as living stones are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.”
Eph 2:20 – 22 “having been built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the cornerstone, in whom the whole building, being fitted together is growing into a holy temple in the Lord; in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.”
VI. The Court yard
A. Surrounding the Tabernacle was the court yard which was 87 by 175 with an opening or gate on the eastern side. Anyone could enter the court yard bringing their offerings for sin.
B. The courtyard had two objects of worship: the first was near the gate, The Brazen Altar of Burnt Offering, and the 2nd was farther into the court yard, the Brazen Laver, a basin type object.
VII. Outside of the courtyard was the encampment of the people of Israel.
A. 3 of the 13 Tribes were assigned to each of the four sides of the courtyard with the 13th (Levitical Priests) camping directly around the Tabernacle.
1) To the East and directly outside the gate to the courtyard, signifying a place of honor, was the tribe of Judah. Next to the tribe of Judah was the tribe of Issachar and then Zebulun,
2) In the book of Numbers, chapter 2, we are told of the number of male warriors, 21 years of age and older, that resided in each Tribe. So for the Tribes of Judah, Issachar and Zebulun, there were 74.6k, 54.4k and 57.4k warriors, respectfully.
3) To the South were the tribes of Reuben, Simeon and Gad, with warriors numbering 46.5k, 59.3k, 45.65k respectfully.
4) To the West were Ephraim and Manasseh, both are tribes of Joseph but based on his double blessings his sons each were named with Jacob’s sons as the tribes of Israel, and the third tribe – Benjamin. With warriors of 40.5k, 32.2k and 35.4k, respectfully.
5) To the North were Dan, Asher and Naphtali, rounding out the sons of Jacob aka Israel. Their warriors numbered 62.7k, 41.5k and 53.4k respectfully.
6) So the camps on each side surrounding the encampment of the Levitical priests and the tabernacle totaled:
W 108.1k Levities E 186.4k
7) So, based on the assignment of each tribes encampment and the number of warriors in each tribe and that the encampments were set in an orderly fashion and not randomly sprawled, the assignment created the shape of the cross. Coincidence?
It is also interesting to note that the Levitical priests where at the center of the encampment, just like our high priest, in the order of Malchizedek (Heb. 7:17), Jesus Christ, is at the center of our salvation through the cross.
9) Malchizedek was not a Levitical Priest, but was the Priest of the Most High God (Heb 7:1) during the time of Abraham. Malchizedek was the King of Salem. Salem means peace. His name Malchizedek means King of Righteousness and so he was The King of Peace and the King of Righteousness. Just like Jesus Christ is.
VIII. Pictures of Christ in the Tabernacle:
A. The tabernacle was designed to represent and prefigure the most import teachings of Christ
B. The word Tabernacle is used with reference to Him in John 1:14 “And the Word became flesh and dwelt (tabernacled) among us and we beheld His glory.”
1) Aorist, Active, Indicative of Skenoo
Eskenosen, ejskhvnwsen – to fix one’s tabernacle, have one’s tabernacle, or live in a tabernacle (tent)
Aorist Tense – indicating a past action with results that continue
Active Voice – The Word produces the actions of dwelling
Indicative Mood – declarative of the reality that He did and continues to dwell among us.
C. And in Hebrews 9:12 we see the shedding of blood that the Jews were commanded to perform and the subsequent rituals the priests performed, were merely pictures of the individual saving work that Christ perfectly performed once and for all.
1) Heb. 9:12 “but through His own blood, He entered the holy place (heaven) once for all having obtained eternal redemption.”
D. There are two accounts of the Tabernacle’s construction in Exodus. In Ex 25:40 we see the tabernacle as it was planned in heaven in eternity past and shown to Moses on mount Sinai as a pattern of the actual building. Ex 25:40 “And see that you make them after the pattern for them, which was shown to you on the mountain.”
1) Likewise, Christ’s incarnation was designed in eternity past. Peter 1:20 “For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you.”
E. In Ex 35 we see the actual construction according to the divine plan.
1) Likewise we have the actual incarnation of Christ according to God the Father’s perfect plan through the virgin birth. John 1:14 – word became flesh.
F. Later in history we see the permanent, more exquisite, building of the tabernacle, The Temple of Solomon. 1 Kings 6.
1) Likewise Christ takes up permanent residence in our souls today at the moment of salvation and will establish is more beautiful kingdom during the millennium. 2 Corn 6:16 – 7:1
G. The entrance to the Tabernacle was by the camp of Judah, showing the honor the tribe received.
1) As we see in Mat 1:3, Christ was descended of the tribe of Judah and entrance to salvation and heaven is through no other name. John 14:6 “I am the way, the truth and the life, no one comes to the Father but through Me.”
H. The combination of the indestructible shittim (acacia) wood, (a gnarled and twisted wood that grew in the desert) overlaid with pure gold was used to build the tabernacle and the articles.
1) The wood is a picture of Christ’s humanity: who was “the root out of dry ground.” Isa 53:2,
2) The wood is also a picture of His disfigurement
3) And the gold depicts His supreme deity.
4) The combination of these two materials, Wood and Gold gives us a clear picture of Christ’s humanity and deity – noted as the Hypostatic Union
I. The colors that were mingled in the Tabernacle and its veil and curtain doorway represent various aspects of Christ:
1) White – His spotless purity and righteousness – no stains of blood showing the cleansing from sin. Posse non picare ABEL NOT TO SIN
2) Blue – Showing His heavenly origin.
3) Scarlet – depicting the pain and suffering He endured and the eventual deaths. (Coccus Ilicis worm)
4) Purple – Indicating His glorious Kingship as Lord of Lords and King of Kings.
J. The contrast between the inner construction of gold with the outward construction of skins and clothe.
1) The skins are a type of sin covering for humanity just like Adam and the woman in the garden.
2) This shows the contrast between deity and humanity.
K. Because the Tabernacle was subject to the elements, and moved from place to place,
1) this also is a type of the humiliation Christ endured when taking on the form of a man while always possessing deity.
L. Bars to hold the boards together went from end to end.
1) Christ is the Alpha and the Omega, Rev 1:8,11, 21:6, 22:13
M. The bars were the framework holding it together.
1) Christ holds the universe together even as a babe. Col 1:17 “in Him all things hold together (framed together)
N. There were four pillars at the entrance to the tabernacle court yard. These represent Christ’s four sonship’s as depicted in the four Gospels:
1) Matthew – Son of Abraham in His home land of Palestine,
2) Matthew – Son of David – His triumphal precession
3) Mark 2:10 – Son of Man, who has power to forgive and in Luke 21:24-27 executing judgment
4) John 1:14, 20:28 – Son of God
O. The five pillars at the doorway to the inner rooms of the tabernacle might represent the prophetic announcement of His birth:
1) Isa 9:6 – “A Child will be born to us …. and His name will be’
c) The Mighty God,
d) the Eternal Father,
e) The Prince of Peace
P. The four pillars to uphold the Veil were cut off on the top.
1) Christ was to be “cut off out of the land of the living.” Isa 53:8.
2) Those same four pillars also picture for us the believers 4 fold strength in Christ:
c) sanctification and
Q. The contrast between the Tabernacle and the Temple – shows us the earthly life of Christ having to endure humiliation, trials and temptation vs His Kingly glory where his rulership is established for all time as King of Kings, Lord of Lord.
R. The tabernacle was God’s meeting place with Israel, Ex 25:22.
1) Likewise Christ is our mediator and the only way to access a presence before the Father. John 14:23, John 14:6. John 14:23 “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and WE will come to him, and make OUR abode with him.”
S. The Tabernacle was the place of sacrifice, (the flowing and sprinkling of blood was its most vivid spectacle). Every part of the Tabernacle speaks to us of the sacrifice of Christ.
T. As Christ is, the Tabernacle was a place of cleansing.
U. The blood atoned for and the water washed away the stains of defilement. Zech 13:1, Eph 5:26-27 w/ 1 John 2:2. John 2:2 “And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but for those of the whole world.”
V. Conclusion: Through these pictures and many more we see the Jewish Dispensation object lesson concerning the Christ. (The messiah, the savior, the atonement, the son of Abraham, of David, of Man, the son of God, our propitiation, our wisdom, etc.). TLJC came Himself to fulfill the Plan of God the Father, which is shown to us in the Tabernacle, with a fullness that He will yet enable us to more fully understand in every detail respecting the pattern given to Moses on the mount. Over the next three weeks we will explore many of the articles in and rituals performed within the Tabernacle and see how each in its own way is a magnificent picture of our Lord and Savior and the efficacious work He performed on our behalf.
IX. Tabernacle Overview: Exodus 40:33 – 38
A. As we read about the construction of the Tabernacle we again see many analogies to the Christian way of life today.
B. If we were to put ourselves in the shoes of an Israelite of that time we would see:
C. Beginning with the encampment, that it is analogous to being in the world
D. There we see a continual fire burning outside of our camp.
E. The place where they would burn all the refuse including the carcasses of the animals that had sins transferred into their bodies and therefore were unrighteous
F. This dumping ground fire is analogous to the eternal burning of all who have unrighteousness in their bodies at the end of their time on earth because they have not accepted the fact that God the Father transferred all of their sins to the perfect sacrificial animal, TLJC. John 3:36
1) John 3:36 “He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”
2) Likewise Jesus was crucified outside the city walls and the bodies of those crucified were put in the city dump of Jerusalem. But according to the fulfillment of prophecy, Joseph of Arimathea requested the body of Jesus and buried Him among the rich.
G. While living in the world we see the gate way to the court yard (salvation). We can enter this court yard freely. Their is no barrier to entrance here. John 10:9
1) John 10:9 “I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.”
H. The first thing we see as we enter the court yard is the smoking Brazen Altar that immediately gives us the impression of the sacrifice on the cross and the blood through which we have redemption from sin. We place our hand on the head of the sacrifice and become partakers of the great expiation (the means of atonement = Christ’s spiritual death for our sins)
I. Next we see the Brazen Laver which is used for cleansing before the Priest could conduct a sacrifice and before they could enter the inner rooms of the tabernacle.
1) This is a picture of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit, whereby through the blood and the water we are regenerated and cleansed from our sins.
2) We must first have the blood on us to atone for our sins and then cleanse ourselves (Rebound) before we can enter into a more intimate fellowship with God (in the Holy Place, and holy of Holies), Heb 10:22
a) Heb 10:22 “let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled [clean] from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.”
J. After leaving the Laver and further within the courtyard we see the Holy Place where only priests could enter. Today we are all priest and are able to enter into that place. Rev 1:5-6 & 1 Peter 2:9
1) Rev 1:5-6 “and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the 1st born of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who lovers us, an released us from our sins by His blood,” vs6 “and He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father, to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever, Amen.”
2) Peter 2:9 “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.”
K. As we leave the darkness the Cosmos, (Court yard and outer encampment) and enter into the light our Politeuma, (Inner Tabernacle), (Holy Place) we see to the left the Golden Lampstand or Candlestick, and to the right the table of Show Breads, and to the back the Altar of Incense.
L. Next we step through the dividing Veil and enter the 2nd room, the holy of Holies where only the high priest could enter, and only once a year, we see the Ark of the Covenant with its lid, the Mercy Seat with the covering Cherubim Angels.
M. So if we did a helicopter fly by we would see the articles in the court yard and tabernacle, the Altar, Laver, Lampstand, Show-Breads, Altar of Incense and the Ark of the Covenant with the Mercy seat, in the form of a cross. Again like the Passover doorways and the encampment around the Tabernacle, showing the picture of where Christ would gain the victory.
X. The Brazen Altar Exodus 27:1 – 8
A. Lev 17:11 “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the life that makes atonement.”
B. Peter 1:18-19 “knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers,” vs 19 “but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.”
C. The altar was the first article just inside the court yard accessible to all the people.
D. It was a large frame of wood covered in brass and had two poles on each side in order for it to be carried.
E. Their was a fire burning continually on it where daily the sacrifice was renewed.
F. It was constantly stained with blood.
G. Always open to any guilty Hebrew who might want to approach it.
H. The blood shed at the altar had to be brought into the Holy Place by the priest who would sprinkle the blood on all of the articles therein.
I. In addition the High Priest had to use the blood from the altar when he entered the holy of Holies and sprinkle the blood on the Mercy Seat, first for himself the blood of the Bull, then for the nation, the goat/lamb.
J. The sacrifice Altar being at the entrance of the courtyard shows us that Christ is at the entrance of our access to fellowship with God and that entrance is made available to all but only effectual for those who believe.
1) John 3:16 “For God so loved the WORLD, that he gave his uniquely born son, that WHOSOEVER, should believe in Him should not perish but have eternal, life.”
K. Having two poles speaks to the two messages of the Gospel: Christ’s spiritual death, and His resurrection.
1) The other messages of the Gospel are important but don’t on their own Save us: Burial, accession, session. “Lord of all or not Lord at all” does not save you.
L. The blood was related to the inner rooms just like the blood of Christ (spiritual death) is necessary for our entrance into the presence of God (or a further relationship with Him).
M. There was nothing ornamental about the Altar. (Speaking to Christ’s humanity)
N. It was made of Brass so that it could sustain the heaviest of sacrifices showing that God can sustain our heaviest burden/sins.
O. It was constantly bathed in blood baring the continually mark of sin.
P. So Christ bore our sins on the cross redeeming us from the bondage of sin, having paid the price, with the result continuing for all eternity. “Tetelastai”
Q. And Christ was also literally bloody when He was on the Cross to complete the picture.
R. So the altar also is a picture of the cross of Christ. The place where the sacrifice occurred.
S. So the Blood stands for:
T. Redemption, signified by the blood on the door posts.
U. Atonement, shown through the blood on the Altar
V. Cleansing, as of leprosy in Lev. 14, and (1 John 1:7),
W. Seals the covenant (Exodus 19:9), sprinkled on the Law, God keeps His promises
X. Consecration (sanctification), sprinkled on the Priests Right ear, thumb and toe,
Y. Intercessory “Pleading for Us”, sprinkled on the Mercy Seat on our behalf before God the Father
Z. Living Blood, giving us spiritual life, (John 6:54) “He that drinks my blood dwells in me and I in Him”
AA. Conclusion: So it was through the blood sacrifice on the Altar that showed the Israelites the atonement for their Sins and Christ’s spiritual death which atoned everyone. What a Magnificent picture the altar with its sacrifices and the ever-present blood was to the Israelites and still is for us today.
XI. The Brazen Laver of Water: Exodus 30:17-20
A. The Laver or Basin was the second article in the Tabernacle.
B. It was situated between the Altar of Blood, which was by the gateway, and the entrance to the Holy Place.
C. It was made from the brass mirrors of the women of Israel which they had brought with them from Egypt.
1) God drew from them memorials of their old life and used them for a higher purpose.
2) The mirrors spoke of sin such as vanity and was use for the object depicted cleansing of those sins.
3) God asked the women to give freely in order to build the Laver, not under compulsion. Likewise, we are to give to God freely of our time, talent, treasure and worship not under compulsion.
4) We are to do all these things after we have rebounded and through the filling of the Holy Spirit. As the Laver depicted for the Jews.
D. The basin was used by the Priests only, before they entered the Holy Place or before they could sacrifice on the altar.
1) The Priests had to cleanse themselves of any spot or stain before performing their ceremonies.
a) Prior to the sacrifice showing Impeccability -
b) After the sacrifice showing Rebound before entering into a closer relationship with God.
E. The Laver’s Brass, which was highly polished, allowed the Priests to see themselves and then wash in the water it held.
1) Just as the word shows us our sins.
F. So here we are viewing water as the Word of God which allows us to see within ourselves any spot or blemish and secondly to wash away any spot or blemish.
2Tim 3:16 – 17, 1 John 1:9
1) We are commanded to cleanse ourselves through the word. Eph 5:26 “that He might purify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word.”
a) It is interesting to compare that God calls the Church her, and the fact that He asked the women to provide the material to build the Laver, not the men.
G. By knowing the word we are made clean.
1) John 15:3 “You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you.”
H. Looking at the Laver as a fountain that cleanses also gives us the analogy of God the Holy Spirit. Water is predominately used in the Bible as a symbol of the Holy Spirit.
1) While blood tells us of the Lamb; water tells us of the dove.
2) Water and Blood poured out as they pierce Christ’s side on the cross to see if he was alive or not.
3) The Blood and water combined depict the fact that now that Christ had fulfilled His work the Holy Spirit was taking over the body to cleanse it on a day to day basis.
4) The Holy Spirit has been sent to build upon the redemptive work of our Savior Jesus Christ (blood), by helping us to grow to spiritual maturity through the word (water) and His business is to make us clean on a day to day basis (water) so we are able to learn and grow through metabolized bible doctrine.
5) So don’t be condemned or shy away from bringing your “dirty laundry” to God the Father That’s the job He sent the Holy Spirit to do.
6) The analogy here is the washing away of sin. Even though Christ took on all of our sins upon the cross and paid the price for them, therefore providing for our salvation, we still have the stumbling block of day to day sins in our lives, in that our fellowship with God, through the power of the Holy Spirit, is dependent upon where sin is in our lives.
7) Is it part of our lives and controlling us through the OSN, or are we dealing with the sin in our lives by utilizing the technique of rebound and allowing the blood of Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit to cleanse us from our sins.
Are we living according to:
a) Psalm 19:12-13 “Who can discern his errors? Acquit me of hidden faults.” Vs 13 “Also keep back your servant from presumptuous sins; let them not rule over me; then I shall be blameless and I shall be acquitted of great transgression.”
b) Or by: 2 Corn 7:1 “Therefore, having these promises, beloved let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the respect of God”
c) Or by: 2 Peter 1:4 “For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, in order that by them you might become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust.”
d) Or by: 1 John 2:1 “My little children, I am writing these things to you that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an advocate (defense attorney) with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous;”
e) And always utilizing: 1 John 1:9 “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”
I. So what is the cleansing.
1) First we come to the Altar of blood and leave our sins there with the sacrificed.
2) Then the Holy Spirit regenerates our soul through the imputation of a new nature, that cannot sin.
3) Then we wash out the garbage that has taken up residence in our souls through the intake of Bible Doctrine (dipping our hands into the water).
4) And finally cleansing the spots and blemishes off of our soul at the Laver through the technique of rebound.
5) This is the Washing of Regeneration!
J. There is a more complete washing which is the sanctifying grace of Jesus Christ.
1) There are three sanctifications: Positional, Ultimate and Experiential.
2) Experiential sanctification is our Christian walk, it is being filled by the Holy Spirit for the maximum amount of time, learning, metabolizing and applying bible doctrine thereby effecting a consecration/anointing of our souls.
3) When we are sanctified, every spot or blemish has been removed.
4) This does not say that we will always be cleansed from the spots and blemishes but when we have confessed our sins we are forgiven of those sins and cleansed from all unrighteousness. (Until the next time we sin).
5) Positionally we have a nature that is 100% of the time consecrated, our new nature that can not sin. But in the flesh, because of our old sin nature, we do sin and need to be cleansed again.
6) So the Laver meant that EVERY spot was taken from them.
K. If there had been one blemish on them the Priests would not have dared enter the Holy Place.
1) Likewise if we confess our sins we are cleansed from all unrighteousness.
2) If there is one sin that we committed and have not confessed it, we can not enter into a relationship with God today, or
3) If we have a sin we can not remember or didn’t know about and have not confessed at least a known sin, we can not enter into a relationship with God today.
4) Once the Priests had cleaned every spot they could enter the Holy Place.
5) Likewise, God accepts us as pure when we stand before Him, after we have done the “ceremony” for today. Named our sins in prayer. “A right thing done in a right way”
a) Ezk 36:25 “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols.”
L. Cleansing is continual:
1) The washing of the body is permanent and done once, the cleansing of the feet is a continual process based on the sins we pick up along the way.
2) John 13:10 “And Jesus Said: “He who has bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you.””
Bathed – leloumenos leloume/nos root word louo
Perfect tense, mid or pass voice, Nominative case, participle mood
The washing of a dead person, to cleanse from the blood of wounds, he that has bathed
Wash – nipsasthai ni/yasqai Nipto root word
Aorist, Middle, Infinitive
To wash ones own hands or feet, a partial washing.
3) So, our fellowship with God is interrupted by the sins we commit until we are cleansed again, but our salvation occurred once for all time. You don’t go in and out of salvation!
M. Other Analogies:
1) The level of the Water.
a) It was at the level of the Priests about 4 feet high.
b) They did not have to climb up to it. It was right there.
c) The Law put salvation away up in Sinai, but Christ has come to the level of every one from the weakest to the strongest where anyone can reach in and dip their hands!
2) The fountain was ever full showing the infinite supply for all of our needs, there is enough for all to wash.
3) The fountain also speaks to Christ eternal reign. Rev 21:6
4) Who were cleansed at the Laver?
a) The priests who had to minister God’s work, not the common people who were unsanctified.
b) Just after the Priests performed the sacrifices they would wash at the Laver and then enter the Holy place to have fellowship with God.
c) The elders of a city in the old testament had to cleanse themselves if a crime was committed outside of their city. Deut 21:6-9
d) Today we are all Priest based on our union with Jesus Christ.
e) And the access to the Laver is there for all to wash and then we are able to enter into fellowship with God.
1) We trusted in the Savior at the Altar of Blood sacrifice, are we relying on the power of the word of God and the Holy Spirit to cleanse us as well?
2) God has given everyone free entrance to the sacrifice, with no strings attached.
3) He has transferred our sins to the perfect sacrificial Lamb so we do not have to pay the price for them.
4) He has provide His word for us to wash ourselves and the Holy Spirit to make the washing efficacious.
5) What a tremendous thing He has given to us.
6) And all He asks in return is for us to Love him by believing and trusting in Him.
7) To borrow a phrase from contemporary poets – The Back Street Boys
When you can hear Christ say…. I don’t care: Who you are! Where your from! Or, What you did! As long as you love Me! You will understand the Altar of Blood and Laver of Water. Do you love Him!
XII. The Golden Lampstand: Exodus 25:31-40
A. We now enter into the Holy Place and see the first article of furniture, the Lampstand, the Golden Candlestick or The Light.
B. It stood on the left of the sanctuary just inside the doorway. It was the first thing the Priests would see.
C. It was made from one piece of gold weighing one talent.
1) Pure signifies pure deity no humanity like God the Father, Holy Spirit and the Deity only of Jesus Christ.
2) According to the Union Bible Dictionary: A talent is a weight measure used in the days of Moses which equaled 3,000 shekels. A shekel weighed about 1/2 an ounce, so a talent was 1,500 ounces or 93 lbs 12oz.
3) According to the Ryre Study Bible notes a talent was between 58 and 80 lbs.
4) According to Vines Dictionary a talent was 114lbs
5) According to the complete Biblical Library a talent was 107lbs
6) The gold alone would cost over a half million dollars today.
D. This light was the only illumination within the Holy Place for there were no windows to provide any other light.
E. Its purpose was to give light not for itself, or for its own glory but to provide light for the Priest to conduct their work and to shine on or highlight the Table of Show-Breads. (The bread of life)
F. When we mention light, immediately many analogies come to mind. And throughout God’s word we see various figures of light but none more vivid than: Christ as the light of the world.
G. We also see Christ as our seven fold perfect light of:
2) heavenly vision,
3) guidance & direction (shown in the wills of God),
4) continual presence,
5) the light that reveals Himself (lampstand to show-breads),
6) that brings sight to the blind and
7) the light that shines through us, that is the divine light of His word that should illuminate in our hearts (right lobe).
H. We also see the sevenfold lamp which speaks to the combination of Christ and the Holy Spirit. Compare with John 1:5 – 7
I. To create the light from the Lampstand a specific oil was produced.
1) It was specifically prescribed by God and highly guarded from being counterfeited.
2) The Oil’s ingredients were compounded together in a mysterious way for its sacred use only. Not to be duplicated.
3) If any one were to counterfeit it and/or use it for any reason other than with the Lamp, he was to be cut off from the among the people.
J. Oil itself has many interesting analogies:
1) as elements of life – joints / bones
2) for healing – ointments
3) in connection with the consecration of the priesthood – ritual
4) in the anointing of a king (David) – by Samuel ritual
a) The Holy Spirit anointed Jesus Christ, Luke 4:18, and thus Jesus was called Christos because He is the anointed one and is our perfect light.
b) The Holy Spirit who sheds the light abroad in our hearts has anointed you: 1 John 2:7-11
5) and combined with fire the elements of light
K. When combined with fire to create light, we see a perfect picture of oil being the enabler for fire to give off its light.
L. So, God the Holy Spirit is our enabler (the flame) and with the Mind of Christ (oil) we individually and as members of the church, body of Christ and royal family of God, can shine the light of His glory on the darkness of this sinful world.
1) Mat 5:14-16 “You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden.” Vs 15 “Nor do men light a lamp and put it under a cover, but on the lampstand; and it gives light to all who are in the house.” Vs 16 “Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.”
M. Just as there was no light in the Tabernacle other than the Lampstand, likewise there is no light inside of man without the Balance of Residency = Maximum Metabolized Bible Doctrine in your souls, ready for application, plus the power of the filling of God the Holy Spirit.
N. The key to keeping the fire alive was the burning oil (word of God/mind of Christ) which was burned by the flame (God the Holy Spirit) which shined its glorious light in the room (Jesus Christ in all His Glory) and the entire process and production was made possible by the lampstand (design of God the Father).
O. So the Lamp stand shows us a beautiful picture how the trinity works together to glorify Jesus Christ. And you can be part of that mix as the wick in the candle.
P. It is also interesting to note that the Lampstand had 7 lights. These seven lights are represented in Rev 1:4 where the Holy Spirit is called the Seven Spirits before Gods throne. He is the Spirit of:
1) Peace = Prosperity/Rest
2) Sonship = Sustainer of the Son, we as children/heirs
3) Joy = +H
4) Love = Personal Love for God the Father, Impersonal Unconditional Love Man
5) Trust = Faith Rest Drill
6) Prayer = Speaks in Groans to deep for Human understanding.
Q. The seven lights also refers to the eyes of God (Jesus Christ) which see all and are everywhere – Omnipresence. Rev 5:6
R. Next we see 7, as the number of completion, indicating that The Light generated is complete. Christ completed the Fathers plan, and the plan of God for enabling and sustaining His children is complete through Christ and the power of the Holy Spirit. It’s up to us to tap into that light.
S. The lamps where to continuously burn and had to be filled with oil daily and the wicks were trimmed daily.
1) This shows us the picture of our lives which should be continuously doing the will and work of the Lord by taking in doctrine daily (Oil) and Applying it daily (light).
2) It shows us that the lamp can not burn on its own, it has be replenished daily just like our minds have to be filled daily with the Word in order to sustain the light.
3) It shows us that the wick (which is the absorption mechanism), being charred, needs to be trimmed which is a reference to the garbage in our souls which needs to be trimmed off through the word of God so that the new wick can burn more brightly.
T. We are not the light, we are not the resultant shinning glory. We are merely the candlewick which is given the oil to be burned by the flame which shines the glory on the Bread of Life. Prophecy regarding the light: Zec 4:1 – 14
U. The two olive trees where literally Joshua (the Priest) and Zerubbabel (the King).
1) Both are typified as Jesus Christ, the High Priest and the King, and it is He who supplies the oil (the Word) through the pipeline (GAP) of God the Holy Spirit.
V. Just as this light was all that illuminated the Holy Place, Christ will be the only light needed in the New Jerusalem.
W. You should never be ashamed or embarrassed about the light. You should show it to all the world. Luke 8:16 “Now no one after lighting a lamp covers it over with a container, or puts it under a bed; but he puts it on a lampstand, in order that those who come in may see the light.”
XIII. The Table of Show-Bread – the 2nd article in the Holy Place. Exodus 25:23 – 40
A. The table of ShowBread was on the right hand side of Holy place across from the full blaze of the Golden Lampstand.
1) It was 3 ft long by 1 1/2 ft wide and 2 ft 3 in. High made of acacia (shittim) wood over laid with gold.
B. Turn to Lev 24:5-9 – READ
1) Upon the table where 12 loaves of unleavened bread arrange 6 stacked per side.
2) Each loaf was covered with finely powered frankincense.
3) The bread was renewed each Sabbath and the old bread was eaten by the Priests in the Holy place while the frankincense is burned before the Lord on the Golden Altar of Incense.
C. The table of ShowBread typifies Jesus Christ as the living bread who nourishes both soul and body and becomes our perfect life and sustenance.
1) Duet 8:3 “And He humbled you and let you be hungry, and fed you with manna which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that He might make your understand that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by everything that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord.”
D. Jesus is the Bread of life. John 6:35, 51
1) This also typifies the Union we have with Jesus. If we eat of the Bread of life (accept Christ as our Savior) we enter into union with Him and therefore are sustained for ever by sharing in His eternal life.
E. John 6:26-35 & 41-58
F. Bread is the fruit of the ground. The ground and its fruit was cursed because of man’s sin (the first Adam).
1) So Christ was born as a man of a cursed human race (the last Adam) to abolish all curses.
G. Bread is the offspring of death. (The seed must be buried in the soil and die before it can produce the harvest that feeds the race)
1) So Christ had to Die in order for us to live.
H. The wheat grain must be crushed by the millstone, the dough kneaded in the baker’s hand and baked in the fierce heat of the oven.
1) So Christ had to be crushed, tested and tempted and shown to be without sin to be the perfect sacrifice. Heb 2:10 “For it was fitting for Him for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to perfect the author of their salvation through sufferings.”
I. The Priest had to prepare the bread in a proper and concise way, eat and digest it.
1) Likewise through the Pastor-Teacher and the power of the Holy Spirit, the word of God, must be prepared, presented, taken in and metabolized for it to have any use to you.
J. The Bread was prepared without any leaven speaking to the impeccability of Jesus Christ.
K. The twelve loaves stood for ample provision for all the tribes. One for each of the 12 tribes, not one for all 12 tribes.
1) So Christ is our all sufficient Savior who has died personally for each and every member of the human race. Heb 2:9 “…..by the grace of God He (tasted) death for everyone.”
L. The twelve loaves are also analogues to God the Father supplying all of our logistical needs.
M. As much as the Blood of Christ represents His spiritual life and death, the Bread represents his physical life and death, and to partake of His life we must partake of the Bread. 1Corn 11:23 – 24, 26
N. Before the Priests could eat of the Bread they had to offer the bread first to God for 7 days. (# of completion)
1) Christ had to completely remove the issue between God and man, sin, and fully satisfy the justice and righteousness of God before man could reap the benefits of eternal salvation. (Propitiation) Luke 3:22 “You are My beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased.”
2) Seven days speaks to the completed work Christ performed on the cross which was fully accepted by God the Father – Tetelastai.
3) Once the Father was fully satisfied then the Priest could eat of the bread
4) Christ is the propitiation and therefore we can now, based on our Union, share in Him (the bread of Life).
O. The Bread was only eaten by the Priest. The common people could not eat of the Bread.
1) This typifies the Christian today in that those who eat of the bread become Royal Priests and share in the life giving bread (Jesus Christ), and those who do not partake of the Bread do not receive eternal life but condemnation.
2) At the communion table, the bread is only useful for the believer in fellowship. The believer out of fellowship and the unbeliever receive no spiritual nourishment from the bread.
P. The bread was eaten on the Sabbath, this speaks also to the Christian life which every day becomes a Sabbath because we have entered into his rest. Mat 11:28 w/ Heb 4:3,9&10.
1) Mat 11:28 “Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden and I will give you rest.”
2) Heb 4:3 “For we who have believed enter that rest…”
3) For the believer, we need to eat from the bread daily.
Q. Just like the oil (the word of God) is given to replenish us daily, our sustenance (the word of God) needs to be taken in (metabolized) daily. Luke 11:3
R. Frankincense: The bread was sprinkled with frankincense. Then on the Sabbath they would remove the frankincense from the bread and burned it on the Altar of Incense. It sent up a sweet perfume through all the Holy Place.
1) Several analogies of the Frankincense:
a) Acceptance of Christ’s work on the cross by God the Father and the sweet, pleasing aroma it was to the Father.
(1) We see other examples of this in God’s acceptance of Abel’s sacrifice. Gen 4:4
b) Acceptance of the sacred meal of the priests as an act of worship. There is no more acceptable service you can render than to feed on Christ and rejoice in Him.
c) Martha toiled in the kitchen while Mary fed on the words of Christ by having fellowshipped with Him and the latter was more pleasing to Him.
d) Frankincense was one of the gifts given by the wise men who came to Jesus in the manger signify God’s future acceptance of Jesus’ work and the pleasing aroma His HUMAN son was to Him.
S. The table’s purpose (made of wood and gold) was to exhibit the bread. This is analogous to the Church today based on the foundation Christ laid on the Cross.
1) It was a simple structure.
2) It had one use; not to show itself but the bread
3) It held the bread for God and the Priests
a) so we should hold the bread forth to Glorify God and
b) to offer the bread to the world.
T. So what are you living on for your sustenance of life. Today our society is starving on rationalism, socialism, sensationalism, lifeless bondage to others and the fanatic search for happiness.
1) As it says in Isa 55:2 “Why do you spend your money for what is not bread, and your wages for what does not satisfy? Listen Carefully to Me and eat what is good, and delight yourself in abundance.”
XIV. The Altar of Incense. Exodus 30:1-10, 34-38
A. The altar was ~ 3 ft high, 1 1/2 ft wide and long
B. It had rings on two sides used for the staves/poles to carry it from place to place as the tabernacle was moved.
C. The Altar was used to burn incense on it and incense only. It was not be used for the burning of sacrifices.
1) The sacrifice has already occurred outside on the Brazen altar, the Cleansing has occurred at the Laver.
2) Here inside the Holy Place, the Lampstand burns bright shedding the glorious ministry combined between Christ and the Holy Spirit onto the sustenance for our lives (the bread of Life, Jesus Christ, the word of God).
3) The Frankincense is first sprinkled off from the of top the Bread onto the Altar of Incense.
4) The Bread is presented and consumed and the Incense burns as a fragrant aroma of all that has been accomplished by the Priest signifying that which Christ would do and has done on there and our behalves.
5) And yet it also prepares the way to the holy of Holies where, at the Throne room of God, Christ takes our offering and intercedes on our behalf.
D. The Altar of Incense was also simple in structure unlike the Lampstand and like the Table for holding the Show Breads.
1) It is not bringing glory to itself but allowing the efficacious work, previously performed, speak for itself by becoming a sweet fragrance of completed work.
E. The fragrance from the incense filled both rooms, the Holy Place and the holy of Holies.
1) This shows us that Christ is our mediator or intercessory.
a) He dwells among the Priests, (Royal Priests), as well as with the Father in the Holy of Holies, Heaven.
b) And He is our intercessor offsetting our accuser.
F. The fragrance that filled both rooms was a sweet pleasing fragrance. In order for someone to enjoy the fragrance it had to be inhaled.
1) Just like we have to inhale the word of God in order for it to be applied and enjoyed.
2) And when we do, (breath in Doctrine), we become as the incense was, a sweet and pleasing aroma to God. (2Corn 2:14-16)
G. The Altar had a crown of gold on top to keep the incense from falling.
1) Christ was also crowned and will not falter on our behalf.
a) “I will never leave you nor forsake you.”
b) He was crowned with Thorns
c) He was crowned with Royalty
2) Because of the pain and suffering He endured on our behalf, He was victorious and Crowned as our King and accepted as a sweet savoring sacrifice by God the Father.
3) As a result, He is perfectly qualified to be our advocate today.
H. The four horns on the altar pointed to the four corners of the camp.
1) Here again horns stand for power, the omnipotence of Jesus Christ.
2) Also Christ’s sacrifice was efficacious and applicable to the four corners of the world. And His intercession today is potentially for all.
I. The fire was always burning on the altar showing:
1) Christ’s sacrifice is without end and continually satisfying to God the Father, and
2) Christ unceasingly intercedes for us.
XV. The Incense:
A. The incense was designed specifically for this ritual.
1) The word of God is designed specifically for the believer to execute the protocol plan of God. (2 Tim 3:16)
B. The incense was designed specifically for burning in the tabernacle and could not be used for common use outside of the tabernacle.
1) If it were reproduced and used outside of the tabernacle the individual(s) would be cut off from among the people.
2) Likewise today if the word is misused or taught incorrectly the wrath of God will come down on that individual. (Rev 22:18-19)
C. Our ministry and Christian service is also a sweet aroma for others.
1) Phil 4:18 “I am amply supplied, having received from Epaphroditus what you have sent, a fragrant aroma, an acceptable sacrifice, well-pleasing to God.”
D. There is the analogy of God’s acceptance of Abel’s Sacrifice vs Cain’s. (Gen 4:4)
1) Likewise God accepts our work if done through the power of the filling of the Holy Spirit.
E. The Incense also shows us a picture of our prayer life being a sweet aroma, pleasing to God as part of our Christian life. (Rev 5:8 w/ Rev 8:3)
1) Rev 5:8 “…and golden bowls full of incense which are the prayers of the saints.”
2) The trinity is involved in our prayer life: we are to pray to God the Father, through the power and filling of the Holy Spirit in the name of Jesus Christ.
a) The Father hears our prayers and based on His justice and righteousness answers them,
b) The Holy Spirit makes our prayers efficacious (groanings), and
c) Based on the efficacious work of the Son Jesus Christ is perfectly qualified to intercede on our behalf before the Father.
F. Of the four spices that were blended to make the incense, one (Frankincense) was known the other three are not, (Stacte, Onycha, Galbanum).
1) This represents that some things we know about Christ and his ministry and other things we do not.
2) God sometimes reveals to us the reasons for our labor and the fruits of our labor and other times He does not, until we get to heaven.
3) Like a soldier in the battlefield we do not know the full strategic plan of the Generals. Yet we have our individual assignment.
4) Isa 55:8 “for My thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways.”
5) Eph 6:12 “ For our struggle is not against flesh and blood…….” vs. 18 With all prayer and petition, pray at all times in the Spirit… and petition for all the saints” vs. 19 and pray on my behalf..”
6) The Show Bread was sprinkled with Frankincense depicting the humanity of Jesus and is combined with three other ingredients (the deity of Christ, God the Holy Spirit and God the Father) to make a sweet smelling aroma for us.
G. Some of the Incense was to be beaten very small
1) Again we see that Jesus Christ was crushed on the Cross.
2) It pleased God the Father to bruise the Redeemer when Christ offered Himself for a sacrifice of a sweet smelling savor.
H. The preparation of the Incense called for a specific procedure as well, in Ex 30:35 “Salted, Pure, Holy”. These represent Christ as:
1) Salt – speaks to the savor we should have through the Word in our dealings with the world. Mark 9:50 “have salt in yourselves.” Also salt was a preservative as the word of God is to preserve us in these times.
2) Pure – to be without blemish, perfect, impeccability
3) Holy – speaks to Christ’s sacredness and sanctification.
XVI. The Veil:
A. The final pictures we Have of Christ in the Tabernacle is of Him within the holy of Holies.
B. We move from the Holy Place past the Veil that separates the two rooms into the holy of Holies
C. The veil represents the sin barrier between God and Man that Christ has abolished through His flesh. (Mat 27:50-51, Mark 15:37-38, Luke 23:45 w/ Heb 10:19 – 20)
D. The Veil has been ripped in two, opening the Holy of Holies and giving us direct access to God’s throne room where we can enter boldly. (Heb 10:22 and 4:16)
Heb 4:16 “Let us therefore draw near with confidence to the throne of grace that we may receive mercy and may find grace to help in time of need.”
XVII. The Ark of the Covenant:
A. Upon entering the Holy of Holies we see but one article – the Ark of the Covenant with its lid called the Mercy Seat. (Ex 25:10-22)
B. The Ark was ~ 2 1/2 ft wide and high and just over 4 ft long. It was made of shittim wood overlaid with gold. – Hypostatic Union.
C. In the Ark were:
1) The tablets of the Law showing:
a) that Christ had the righteousness of God in His heart and though the law was not perfect, Christ perfected the Law by remaining impeccable.
b) More importantly the Sacrifice for our Sin was the more perfect Law not that Christ lived without sin.
c) He did not gain victory by living a law abiding life, but by fulfilling the Fathers will.
d) As the Law, was in the ark, inside the Holy of Holies, within the Tabernacle, likewise, Christ’s righteous, is in the shrine, inside your soul within your body, if you have accepted Christ as your savior.
e) Psalm 40:6-8 w/ Heb 10:3-10
2) Aaron’s Rod that budded showing:
a) after the rebellion they had to choose a tribe for the priesthood, each tribe placed a rod before the Ark, the one that budded would be the tribe of priests, Aaron’s budded and so began the Levite tribe as Priests.
b) A Priest held the rod and Christ would be the High Priest. Even though He was not from the Tribe of Levi, but from Judah.
c) He was Priest in the order of Melchezidek
d) The rod did not only bud but it had almond blossoms and fruit.
(1) This speaks to salvation and spiritual growth to the point of producing divine good.
(2) Almond trees are the first to blossom after winter and almonds symbolize resurrection life.
(3) Christ though He died was raised to life once again. Resurrection, the second part of the Gospel message.
3) The Golden Jar of Manna showing:
a) Manna is another typology of Christ as the Bread of Life, indicating God’s provision for our lives, Logistical Grace
b) the Golden Jar again showing His Deity.
D. The Ark was a special type of Christ, showing His sacrifice and glory as the center of salvation and reconciliation with God.
E. The golden crown around it speaks to His kingship.
1) Mat. 2:2 (born) w/ Rev 19:16 (King of kings)
F. The Ark was the leader of the people. A constant pledge of guidance and victory.
1) The ark led them through battles, through waters – Jordan, and led them to rest.
Number 10:33 “…the ark of the covenant of the Lord journeying in front of them….to seek out a resting place for them.”
2) So Christ is our mighty leader and our peace.
G. There are three accounts of Arks in the bible: Ark of Noah, of Moses (babe) and the Ark of the covenant.
1) The first two were sealed with pitch as noted by the Hebrew word Kaphar, which literally means Atonement.
2) So we can say that the arks were sealed with Blood.
3) Just as the Ark of the Covenant holding the Law was sealed with the blood on the Mercy Seat- showing us Redemption.
XVIII. The Mercy Seat:
A. The Mercy Seat was the lid of the Ark of Covenant.
B. It was made of a solid piece of pure gold again speaking of His deity as the ultimate cover for our sins.
C. The Mercy seat was sprinkled with Blood from the Brazen Altar, first of a Bull for the Priest’s sins and secondly of a goat for the people’s sins.
D. The priest is a type of Christ in relationship to the Father.
1) Just as the Priest had to bring the blood directly to the Mercy seat, on the day of Atonement, Christ had to go directly to the Father before attending again to Man.
2) Mary could not touch Jesus prior to Him completing the work by going to the Father and receiving His resurrected body. (John 20:11-17)
E. Now that Christ has completed His earthly work, He is seated at the right hand of the Father, (Heb 10:12)
F. Just as the Mercy seat was a place of judgment for Israel, Christ is the judge of man 1) for Believer’s deeds on earth, Bema Seat, and 2) for all men’s belief or not, Great White Throne.
G. The Mercy Seat had two figures of Cherubim Angels with wings outstretched across the Ark and touching.
H. Above the Mercy seat is where the Shekinah Glory dwelt.
I. The light of the Shekinah shone through their wings as Christ will be our eternal light in the New Jerusalem.
J. Mercy Seat in Hebrew literally means a bloody covering, pointing directly to Christ’s blood shed for our Sins.
K. So the Mercy seat was covering the sins of Israel, sins shone to them through the tablets of the Law. (Heb 9:12 – 14)
1) Punished, Pardoned, Ransomed because of Jesus.
a) Psa 32:1 “How happy is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.”
2) Covered forever by the blood of Jesus, by the righteousness of Jesus!
a) Rom 3:25 – 26 “who God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. To demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;” vs 26 “for the demonstration of His righteousness at the present time, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.”
L. So, the Mercy Seat becomes the place of judgment for sin and they are covered with the lid and with the blood.
M. Therefore, as God’s Justice and Righteousness combined with His Love becomes His mercy; and as His Mercy views the intercessory atonement of Christ on our behalf, they (J & R) are satisfied. – Propitiation.
1) Heb 12:24 “and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, – which speaks better than the blood of Abel.”
N. Further References: Heb 9:11 – 10:23