Doctrine of Second Advent of Christ

July 23, 2010


A. Definition.
1. There are two advents of Jesus Christ depicted in the Word of God.
2. The First Advent begins with the virgin birth and concludes with the resurrection, ascension and session. During the First Advent, Jesus Christ in Hypostatic Union accomplishes the strategic victory of the angelic conflict and the salvation of the human race. This strategic victory gives Him battlefield royalty. He must have a royal family to go with this royalty. Therefore, there is the need for the Church.
3. The Second Advent is designed to reveal Him as both battlefield royalty and Jewish royalty. He returns to earth in resurrection body and Hypostatic Union.
4. At the Rapture of the Church, Christ does not return to the earth as in the Second Advent. We meet Him in the air.

B. The Distinction Between the Rapture and the Second Advent.

RAPTURE                                                          SECOND ADVENT
1. Private, Acts 1:11                                          Public, Rev 11:7.
2. In the air, 1 Thes 4:17                                    On earth, Zech 14:4.
3. Judgment of believer’s                                  Baptism of Fire, Mt 25:3146.
works, 2 Cor 5:10
4. Church goes to heaven, Jn 14:3                   Church returns with Christ, 1 Thes 3:13.
5. Holy Spirit is removed,                                  Removal of Satan, Rev 20:13.
2 Thes 2:6
6. Change in believer’s body,                           Earth is changed,
Phil 3:21.                                                               Zech 14:9; Rom 8:19-22.
7. Christ appears as the groom.                         He appears as the Messiah.
8. End of the Church Age.                                  End of the Jewish age.
9. Israel under the fifth cycle                             Termination of the fifth
of discipline.                                                         cycle of discipline.
10. Believers taken from the                               Unbelievers taken from the earth
earth Mt 24:3743.                                                 Mt 24:3641.
11. A time of comfort, 1 Thes 4:18.                   A time of terror, Rev 6:1517.

C. At the Second Advent, Jesus Christ will return to Jerusalem and His feet will touch first on the Mount of Olives, Zech 14:14.

D. Analogies to the Second Advent.
1. The Analogy of Nature: Lightning, Mt 24:27.
a. Seen by all, Rev 1:7.
b. Travels at great speed, Rev 22:7, 12.
c. Disturbs and frightens the unenlightened, Rev 6:1517.
d. Warns of a coming storm. The Second Advent is characterized by the storms of coming judgment.
(1) Annihilation of the invading armies.
(2) Judgment of Satan and the fallen angels.
(3) Judgment of the beast and false prophet.
(4) Baptism of fire removes all unbelievers from the earth.
(5) Administration of the fifth cycle of discipline to certain nations.
2. The Historical Analogy, Mt 24:3741.
a. It will be like the days of Noah. People were living under the wrong priorities. Marrying, eating, and drinking (normal pleasures in life) were more important than Bible doctrine.
b. “They did not know” a big judgment was on the horizon. And as in the time of Noah, so also in the Tribulation; people cannot tell what is about to happen because they have no Bible doctrine in their souls.
c. The believer is left and the unbeliever is taken in the baptism of fire. Just the opposite occurs at the rapture. In Noah’s day unbelievers were removed by water. Now fire will be used.

E. The Second Advent and Armageddon.
1. Armageddon is a campaign in the last world war of history. Jesus Christ comes back to slaughter the anti-Semitic armies, Ex 14:14; Josh 5:136:2; Isa 37:36; Ezek 38:16.
2. Our Lord’s own record is broken at the Second Advent, Isa 34:56, 63:16.
3. There are two sources of righteous violence: Jesus Christ and the laws of divine establishment, Ezek 39:1112; Joel 2:20; Zech 12:23; Rev 14:20, 19:15.

F. The Second Advent and Operation Footstool.
1. This is the final victory of Jesus Christ over Satan and the fallen angels. Ps 110:1 is the prophesy of the climax to the First Advent, the strategic victory of Christ.
2. Heb 1:13, 10:13 teach that Christ receives His battlefield royalty and waits.
3. During the Church Age, the royal family represents Christ on earth, not Israel. After the Rapture, the Age of Israel resumes.
4. During the Tribulation, the royal family is being prepared in heaven. The bride receives a body like Christ’s, Phil 3:21; 1 Thes 5:23. Then the bride returns with Christ as a part of operation footstool, 1 Thes 3:13; Rev 19:68.
5. Then comes operation footstool. Satan is locked up for 1000 years, Rev 20:13. There is the triumphal procession of Christ, Zech 13:2 cf. Col 2:15; 1 Cor 15:2425.
6. Christ rules over Israel and the entire earth, which changes the environment of the world.

G. The Baptism of Fire and the Second Advent.
1. The baptism of fire is the means by which all the unbelievers are removed from the earth and cast into fire. Only mature believers of the Church Age will rule with Christ in the Millennium, 2 Thes 1:79.
2. Jesus Christ is first mentioned in the baptism of fire in Mt 3:1112; Lk 3:1617. Mt 24:3641 is an analogy to the baptism of fire.
3. The parables of the baptism of fire.
a. Wheat and the Tares, Mt 13:47.
b. The bad fish.
c. The ten virgins, Mt 25:113.
4. The Jewish baptism of fire is found in Ezek 20:3438. The Gentile baptism of fire is found in Mt 25:3146.
5. The baptism of fire is used to evangelize the Jews in the Church Age, Mt 12:27.
6. The baptism of fire vindicates the character of God, Rev 19:11.

H. The Second Advent and the Millennium.
1. The Second Advent introduces the Millennium and perfect environment on the earth.
2. Satan and demons are removed, Rev 20:13.
3. There will be maximum spirituality, Isa 65:24. Evangelism continues on the earth.
4. Israel is restored as a client nation to God, Isa 5:2630; Zech 2:2829.
5. All the unconditional covenants to Israel are fulfilled, Dan 9:24.
6. The nations of the world enjoy perfect environment, including:
a. Universal peace, Ps 46:9; Isa 2:4; Hos 2:18; Micah 4:3.
b. Universal prosperity, Ps 72:7, 16.
c. Perfect world government under Jesus Christ and the royal family, Isa 11:12; Zech 14:9.
d. Perfect objectivity in the administration of justice, Isa 11:35; Ps 72:1214.
e. Nature changes radically. Creation shares the bondage of sin, Rom 8:1922, and is released from this bondage. Isa 35 says that flowers abound. See also Isa 11:69, 65:25.
f. There is a population explosion, no death except for capital punishment.
g. The Gog revolution is started by Satan after his release from prison because there are unbelievers on the earth, Rev 20:710.

I. The Reality of the Second Advent, 2 Pet 1:16-19.
1. 2 Pet 1:16, “For we have not followed cleverly invented myths when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of His majesty.”
a. The myth refers to a false doctrine regarding Zeus and Hermes visiting the land of Phrygia as weary travelers where two men were living. Phrygia was the alleged land of the origin of the Romans. The two men gave food and shelter to Zeus and Hermes, when no one else would. As a reward, Zeus (or Jupiter) changed their cottage into a marble temple and rewarded them with a happy life. This was a demon doctrine and human viewpoint to explain away the literal future of the Second Advent. Reality is found in the canon of Scripture, not in cleverly invented myths.
b. Peter does not use human imagination as source material for his teaching. Peter was one of the greatest intellects of the ancient world, yet he partially failed in the area of teaching the Second Advent, but now is straightening this out.
c. Bible doctrine represents the mentality of God; therefore, it is infinitely greater than any of our experiences.
d. We can fail to correctly evaluate many of our experiences because the evaluation is not based upon metabolized doctrine in the soul.
e. Everyone who thinks they have a special visitation from God the Holy Spirit and enters into speaking in tongues has failed to correctly evaluate their empirical experience. Their emotion is neither a norm for the spiritual life nor is it true doctrine. People cannot correctly evaluate their own experience.
f. As a believer you cannot afford to go to your experience; you must follow the infallible word of God.
g. If you live by empiricism, you are not living the unique spiritual life of the Church Age, because you have by-passed Bible doctrine.
h. When there is a conflict between your life-experience and what the Bible says, which do you follow? If you decide against doctrine, you are getting further and further away from blessings in time and eternity. Your blessings, which you do not receive in time or eternity, become a memorial to your rejection of Bible doctrine.
i. If your experience denies doctrine, it is not a true Christian experience. When there is a conflict between how you feel and what the Bible says, the Bible is right.
j. Salvation is by faith alone in Christ alone and not based on how you feel.
k. We have to learn to correctly evaluate experience on the basis of the infallible word of God.
l. If Bible doctrine is your criterion, then you will have correctly evaluated.
m. If there is a conflict between your experience and what the Bible says, the Bible is always correct.
n. Spirituality or the filling of the Holy Spirit is not an emotional experience until the Millennium, when Jesus Christ is on earth. People often take millennial passages and distort them.
2. 2 Pet 1:17, “For when He received honor and glory from God the Father, such a unique voice in this was carried to him [Peter] by His [God the Father] Majestic Glory, ‘This is My beloved Son with whom I am wellpleased’.”
a. Empiricism is the theory that all knowledge is derived from experience and observation, but this is not true. It became a false system of doctrine.
(1) Empiricism is guided by experience. We are not guided by experience, but guided by what the word of God teaches.
(2) Doctrine is the only thing that will be bring the believer out of empiricism.
(3) David Hume was a philosopher who maintained that all of one’s knowledge of the world is a product of experience. He said that all thoughts are derived from past experience. John Locke said that no man’s knowledge could go beyond his experience. He maintained that prior to experience the human mind is like a blank piece of paper.
b. This verse is Peter’s empirical knowledge of the Second Advent as it came from viewing the transfiguration of Jesus Christ. Our Lord was transformed to reveal how the humanity of Christ would appear to us at the Second Advent. Historically, Peter had empirical knowledge of the Second Advent. Prophetically, Peter had epignosis knowledge or full knowledge in understanding the entire situation.
c. Peter, James, and John had the empirical experience of hearing the voice of God the Father, but the Second Advent was more real at the end of Peter’s life because of what the word of God said, not because of what he heard with his own ears. Peter learned that what the Bible says is the only truth, and our experience is not the answer to the spiritual life. Peter learned that the only true reality is Bible doctrine.
d. It was more important for Peter to hear the voice of the Lord Jesus Christ in the written word than it was for Peter to hear the voice of God the Father empirically. God the Father’s message to Peter was that it was about time that Peter became occupied with the person of Jesus Christ.
e. Science must agree with the Bible, not the Bible with science. While the Bible is not a textbook of science, whenever the Bible covers a scientific subject, the Bible is accurate and must supercede empirical knowledge.
f. Feeling and emotion is not a criterion for the unique spiritual life of the Church Age. Neither empiricism or emotion is as real as Bible doctrine circulating in your stream of consciousness.
g. Ultimate reality is the infallible word of God, not empirical or rational systems of knowledge, not feeling and emotion.
h. The scientific method of perception is empiricism, observation, and experimentation. Therefore, science is a legitimate modus operandi in life, but there is one area where science is not the final answer–the spiritual realm.
i. The final and ultimate reality is the true knowledge of doctrine found in the Scripture.
j. So-called ‘scientific laws’ are really the observation and recognition of divine laws.
(1) Science did not originate these laws, nor can science enforce or perpetuate these laws.
(2) Science cannot guarantee that these ‘laws’ will continue to function as previously observed.
(3) Scientific laws are based on statistical assumption that the present universe that operates according to a fixed norm will continue to do so.
(4) The universe will not always exist as it does now, for it will be completely destroyed and recreated according to 2 Pet 3:10-12; Rev 21:1.
(5) Known scientific ‘laws’ depend entirely upon the faithfulness and immutability of God, Col 1:16-17; Heb 1:3.
(6) The laws of the universe and the function of the universe belong to God as a demonstration of divine integrity and faithfulness.
(7) The function of these laws is the reason for the perpetuation of human history until its end, until the angelic conflict is completely resolved and the policy of God is completely vindicated at the end of human history.
(8) The faithfulness of God to the believer extends beyond the scientific laws. The faithfulness of God in the function of the so-called ‘scientific laws’ is related to the faithfulness of God in the revelation and preservation of the infallible word of God. The present universe along with its ‘scientific laws’ will be destroyed by the sovereignty of God. The believer and Bible doctrine will survive to live forever in a new universe created by God, Heb 12:26-29, “And His voice shook the earth then, but now He has promised, saying, ‘Yet once more I will shake not only the earth, but also the heaven.’ This expression ‘Yet once more,’ denotes the removing of those things which can be shaken, as of created things, so that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show respect, by which we may offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe; for our God is a consuming fire.”
(9) So-called scientific laws are simply the faithfulness of our Lord Jesus Christ in holding the universe together and at the same time holding back eternity, so that the human race will have the opportunity for evangelism and the glorification of our Lord, Col 1:16-17; Jn 1:3; Heb 1:10-11, “And, ‘You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of Your hands; they will perish, but You remain; and they all will become old like a garment.’”
k. The most important thing in the world is the spiritual life. Until you understand that you will never understand what life is all about.
l. The believer learns to love God through Bible doctrine. He learns to respect God through divine discipline. Believers have no respect for God because they are depending on emotional experience. There is no hope for us as individuals or a group unless we come back to respect for God. You show your respect for God by obedience to God.
3. 2 Pet 1:18, “Furthermore we have heard this voice, which was being transmitted from heaven, when we were with Him on the holy mountain.”
a. Introduction.
(1) The believers who suffer the most in time of disaster are those who have no respect for God in time of prosperity.
(2) In time of punishment, their punishment is based upon the same principle. This punishment comes because during the time of prosperity believers lost their respect for God through negligence or rejection of Bible doctrine. The importance of learning Bible doctrine is the blessing of consistent exposure to Bible teaching. But, when the distractions of life occur, there is no spiritual strength in the life of the believer.
(3) For this reason God permits the attack of terrorism as a punishment on the one hand and self-imposed discipline on the other hand, where believers who have failed to follow the colors to the high ground of spiritual maturity suffer terribly and many die the sin unto death. There is no way to have respect for God and His grace and His plan unless the believer is consistent in his daily walk with the Lord, and this comes from our daily intake of Bible doctrine. This daily walk comes from:
(a) The power of prevailing prayer.
(b) Fulfilling the advance to the high ground of spiritual maturity.
(c) The passing of the tests with great victory, when the shock of disaster occurs.
(4) Many believers demonstrate their weakness by blaming God for disasters that come to the nation, while at the same time other believers demonstrate their strength in time of disaster because they have been faithful in spiritual warfare by consistent perception and metabolization of Bible doctrine, and they have developed a tremendous respect for the Lord. Respect for the Lord comes with our understanding of doctrine.
(5) As long as we are alive in a time of carnality, it is never too late to rebound and keep moving. Unless the believer recognizes his own sins and evil, and his own failure to recognize the true value of life in Bible doctrine, he will suffer terribly from times of disaster.
(6) The believer who lives in carnality and sin and takes advantage of the grace of God in time will have a most miserable life and lose blessings that come to the believer in time of disaster.
(7) The story of Peter emphasizes how believers can fail and recover to advance to spiritual maturity. It is never too late to recover as long as we are alive on earth. It is never too late to recover as long as we have respect for God.
(8) God the Father had to judge His Son for the grace of God to be able to forgive us in rebound, to sustain us in our spiritual life, and to strengthen us with decisions regarding what is really important in life Bible doctrine.
(9) Remember that only a right thing done in a right way is right, and that right way is the infallible word of God. The execution of the unique spiritual life is the right thing done in a right way.
(10) Never look back on your failures, but advance on the basis of what God has provided in grace a system of recovery, called rebound.
b. The empirical perception includes seeing our Lord transformed and hearing the voice of God the Father. Seeing Christ transformed as He will appear at the Second Advent and hearing the voice of God the Father is empirical knowledge of the Second Advent, but such knowledge from experience does not carry the reality of epignosis or metabolized doctrine found in the pages of the word of God.
c. If there is a conflict between what the Bible says and your empirical knowledge or how you feel, the Bible is always right.
d. Ultimate reality is the infallible word of God, not empirical or rational systems of knowledge, or feeling and emotion.
4. 2 Pet 1:19, “In fact we keep on having a more reliable prophetic doctrine, to which doctrine you do well to concentrate as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until which time the day has dawned and the Morning Star (Jesus Christ, Rev 22:16) arises in your hearts.”
a. Peter, James and John had empirical knowledge of the Second Advent, but it was not the right knowledge. The right knowledge is Bible doctrine in the soul. Bible doctrine of the Second Advent is much more reliable than empirical knowledge of the Second Advent. The second advent of Christ from the experience of the Mount of Transfiguration would only have meaning by understanding the doctrine of the Second Advent. The experience is not to be compared to epignosis doctrine. The biblical account of the Second Advent is more reliable than the empirical observation on the Mount of Transfiguration.
b. Bible doctrine is the source of all knowledge for the Christian life. Three things are not the source of knowledge: emotion, experience, and any form of empirical knowledge. Perception, metabolization, and application of doctrine should, therefore, be more important to us than our feelings or experience.
c. The content of the word of God must be more real to you than anything else in life, and that only comes by learning Bible doctrine. Bible doctrine is more real and much more reliable than any form of empiricism or emotion. You will succeed or fail in your spiritual life based on your understanding and acceptance of this principle.
d. The shining lamp is analogous to Bible doctrine by which we see clearly in the dark place. The dark place is the confusion and darkness in which we live in the cosmic system of Satan. The analogy we use today is ‘a light at the end of a tunnel.’ The eyes automatically focus on light, when we are in a dark place.
e. The more reliable source of knowledge is prophetic doctrine about the second Advent or Bible doctrine circulating in our stream of consciousness. There is a system of prophetic concepts that can be put together and provide for you an understanding of your eternal future.
f. Experience was keeping Peter, James, and John from advancing in the spiritual life. They saw the transfiguration and were distracted from the more reliable doctrine by their experience. They were living by experience. But their experience was not to be compared to epignosis knowledge of doctrine. Empirical knowledge cannot compare with experiential knowledge.
g. Rev 22:16, “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.” Jesus Christ is the ‘morning star’ mentioned in 2 Pet 1:19. Jesus Christ is the strategic winner in the first Advent and the tactical winner in the Second Advent. The ‘morning star’ is the title of our Lord as the victor of the angelic conflict. The highest decoration given to mature believers is the Order of the Morning Star. Winner believers are given as a reward the title of Christ as the winner in the angelic conflict.
h. Doctrine in your right lobe and daily perception of doctrine determines whether you are a winner or loser believer. The winner believer executes the unique spiritual life under the enabling power of the Holy Spirit and gives number one priority to Bible doctrine. The loser believer lives in perpetual carnality and gives number one priority to the trend of his arrogance and the category of his antagonism toward the unique spiritual life.
i. The believer can only serve God through the unique spiritual life under the enabling power of the Holy Spirit. In perpetual carnality the believer is the slave of Satan, and therefore, functions under empiricism or rationalism. He is the enemy of the cross, the enemy of God, a hater of God, against Christ, carnal, double-minded, the agent of the devil, and the disciple of the devil.