z Doctrine of Angels 1

August 8, 2017

Doctrine of Angels

  1. Introduction.
  1. While there exists a tremendous amount of extra-biblical information regarding angels, only the Bible provides us accurate and objective information with respect to this subject.
  2. While the study of angels (angeology) is one of the ten major categories of theology in standard systematic theological works, it is recognized as a difficult subject and has often been neglected.
  3. Charles Ryrie has suggested that the disregard for this area of biblical teaching may simply stem from neglect, or it may indicate a tacit rejection of the truth, based on its supernatural nature.
  4. It is a fact that many neo-orthodox theologians deny the existence of angels and demons; much of the modern rhetoric against the existence of these creatures stems from the denial of anything that is supernatural.
  5. Generally speaking, every reference to angels is incidental to some other topic; when they are mentioned it is for the purpose of informing us about God, His plan, or the execution of that plan rather than simply providing information about angels.
  6. Like the existence of God, the Bible does not argue for the existence of angels; it merely assumes that angels exist.
  7. However, it is evident that the Word of God refers to a distinct order of created beings that are distinctly different from the Godhead and dissimilar to mankind.
  1. The New American Standard translation references angels 196 times, 103 times in the Old Testament and 93 times in the New Testament.
  2. Angels are mentioned in 34 different books, from the very earliest books of Job and Genesis, to the last book of Revelation; references to angels, their nature, or conduct, are not confined to one section of Scripture.
  3. Jesus Christ made numerous references to angels during His earthly ministry, both in parables and in direct teaching. Matt. 13:39,41, 22:30, 25:31,41
  1. In recent years we have been bombarded by what may be referred to as angelmania, with bookstore shelves abounding with titles on this subject.
  2. Angels have been the subject of articles in Time, Newsweek, Redbook, and the Ladies’ Home Journal; they have also been the subjects of documentaries, television shows, and several movies.
  3. In a 1990 book Angels: An Endangered Species, Malcolm Godwin estimates that over the last 30 years one in every ten pop songs mentions angels.
  4. Some are now advocating principles derived from the Essene community and the Archives of the Vatican on how to contact and converse with angels, which is thoroughly non-biblical. Col. 2:18
  5. Since we are awash in subjective speculation that is passed off as scholarship, we will limit our study to what the Bible has to say.
  1. Vocabulary.
  1. Hebrew vocabulary.
  1. %a’l.m; (mal’akh), 213X, messenger, representative, used of both human and Divine messengers.
  2. x;Wr (ruach), 394X, breath, wind, spirit, Holy Spirit, human spirit, or angel.
  1. Greek vocabulary.
  1. a;ggeloj (aggelos), 175X, messenger, envoy, used of both human and Divine messengers.
  2. pneu/ma (pneuma), 379X, spirit, Holy Spirit, angels, human spirit, breath.
  1. Both the Hebrew and Greek terms for messenger are used to describe one that executes the purpose and will of the one whom he serves.
  2. However, all the Hebrew and Greek terms used of angels are also used in a number of different ways, are not technical, and must be translated according to context.
  3. It can be documented that all terms are used to refer to both human and divine messengers.
  1. Human messengers. IISam. 11:19,22; Matt. 11:10
  2. Angelic messengers, both elect angels and fallen angels.
  1. Elect angels. Gen. 24:7; Zech 1:9; Matt. 1:20
  2. Fallen angels, demons. ISam. 16:14-16; Matt. 8:16, 10:1
  1. There are some other terms that are used to describe various classes or categories of angels, which will be provided in a subsequent point.
  1. Definition and description.
  1. Angels are supernatural, spiritual beings that were created by God, and designed to serve Him; they act as God’s messengers to men, and as agents that carry out His will.
  2. Unlike God, they are not eternal and the time of their creation predated the physical beginning of the material universe, at which event they are viewed as worshipping spectators. Job 38:7
  3. All angels came into existence at the same time in eternity past when they were created by God the Son; none will be added to their original number. Neh. 9:6; Ps. 148:5; Col. 1:16
  4. At the time of their origin all angels were created in a state of moral perfection as evidenced by the fact that Lucifer, an angel of the cherub class, was created perfect. Ezek. 28:14-15
  1. It is easy to document the fact that the essence of God cannot be the source or agent of evil. Deut. 32:4; IIChron. 19:7; Ps. 92:15
  2. Therefore, it is not surprising that the angels that did not fall are still referred to as holy angels. Mk. 8:38; Rev. 14:10
  1. While angels are not eternal, as God is, once they were created, they cannot grow old, die, or cease to exist. Lk. 20:36; Rev. 20:10
  2. Based on the fact that they are often compared to stars and that both angels and stars are called the host of heaven, we conclude that there is an innumerable, but finite, company of angels that only God can count. Deut. 4:19; IKings 22:19; Ps. 147:4; Heb. 12:22
  3. A distinction must be made between the created angels and the manifestations of the pre-incarnate Christ, who is seen only in the Old Testament and designated by the title the Angel of the Lord, which occurs some 57 times in the Old Testament. Gen. 16:7,9,10,11
  4. A careful study of the passages in which the Angel of the Lord appears makes it clear that the Angel of the Lord is the Lord. Gen. 22:11,15; Jud. 2:1
  1. The nature of angels.
  1. Angels are a category of created beings that are superior to mankind in rank, powers, and abilities, and always remain inferior to the God that created them. Heb. 1:6; IIPet. 2:4
  2. Their formation more closely resembles that of God in that they are incorporeal (immaterial, not having a material body or form), yet having the ability to take a physical form. Ps. 104:4
  1. For this reason they are often referred to as spirits. Heb. 1:14
  2. However, they can manifest themselves in a physical form if the occasion demands it, and most often do appear as ordinary men. Gen. 18:1-2; Jn. 20:12; Heb. 13:2
  1. Angels were created to provide a revelation of the Invisible God; each angel was designed to express some quality or attribute of the Eternal spirit that is our God. Rev. 4:8
  2. The distinction between men and angels is one that is eternal and will continue to be a reality throughout eternity; people do not become angels, and angels do not become human. ICor. 6:3; Heb. 2:7,16, 12:22-23
  3. Further, angels are not glorified human beings; a person does not die, go to Heaven, and become an angel.
  4. All angels are masculine; there are no female angels, they do not marry, do not procreate, and there is no increase in their numbers. Matt. 22:30
  1. In all passages where angels appear in human form, they never appear as women, children, or old men; they always appeared as younger men. Gen. 18:1-2, 19:1ff; Mk. 16:5
  2. However, it would be an error to state that angels are sexless; all angels are male, which is a fact that was confirmed when they engaged in sexual activity at one time with women in the human race. Gen.6:1ff
  3. Angels were created to be celibate; in the glorified body, we will be like them; however, there is no indication that believers will not retain their gender, but they will be celibate as the angels were designed to be. Matt. 22:30
  1. Angels are personal beings and not simply spiritual forces, transient or permanent emanations from God; they manifest nothing less than we would expect from anyone that is possessed of personality.
  1. They possess volition. Lk. 11:24; Jude 6
  2. They have intellect. Matt. 28:5; Eph. 3:10; IPet. 1:12
  3. They have emotions. Job 38:7; Lk. 15:7,10
  4. They have individual names, different ranks, stations, and responsibilities. Dan. 8:16, 10:13; Jude 9
  1. Angels are greater in knowledge, power, and other abilities than men, yet they are not possessed of the attributes of omniscience, omnipotence, omnipresence, etc.
  1. While angels are superior to mankind in terms of knowledge, they are not omniscient and apparently continue to learn by observation. IISam. 14:20; Matt. 24:36; IPet. 1:12
  2. Angels have much more power than men do, but are subject to God’s authority, and not omnipotent. IIChron. 32:21; Ps. 103:20; IIPet. 2:11
  3. Although angels are capable of great speeds, traversing the vast expanses of the material universe to perform God’s will, they are not omnipresent; they are materially present in only one particular place at one particular time. Ezek. 1:14; Dan. 9:20-23
  1. Angels were originally designed to inhabit Heaven (Lk. 22:43), and some still do; however, they now have access to the entire universe, and the current location of any angel depends on his volitional choice, or God’s assignment. Job 1:7; Dan. 9:23
  1. Fallen angels spend a good deal of their time on and around planet earth, attacking various aspects of God’s plan, and seeking to convert men to their form of doctrine. Job 1:9-11; ITim. 4:1-3
  2. The elect angels are often found in Heaven, but can be dispatched by the will of God to any location in the universe. IIThess. 1:7; Rev. 12:7; Dan. 10:13; Heb. 1:14
  1. The test of angelic volition and its result: the course of the angelic conflict.
  1. All angels were created perfect and sinless after the order of Lucifer (the highest ranking cherub), yet they were provided with the volitional ability to choose for or against God.
  2. When Satan manufactured the first sin of pride, based on his perfect beauty, he fell from his state of perfection, was removed from his position, and became the open enemy of God. Ezek. 28:16; Matt. 13:28
  3. Following his revolt against God, one-third of the angels opted for his viewpoint and likewise became enemies of God; these are known as fallen angels or demons. Ezek. 28:12-17; Isa. 14:12-14; Rev. 12:3-4
  4. At their fall from perfection, they were corrupted like their leader, and lost their positions in God’s government, but still retained their relative wisdom, strength, power, etc.
  5. This fact is deduced from the explanation that was offered to Daniel with respect to why there had been a delay in answering his prayer. Dan. 10:13
  6. The timing of their fall must be placed after the original creation of the heavens and the earth and before the formation of man since Satan was there to act as a tempter. Gen. 3:1ff
  1. The Hebrew of Genesis 1:1 details the original creation, which was spoken into existence by God in a moment of time. Ps. 148:1-5; Eph. 3:9; Rev. 4:11
  2. Genesis 1:2 indicates that the situation had dramatically changed and the earth became a wasteland and void of inhabitants.
  3. However, Isaiah 45:18 clearly indicates that God did not create the earth in the form in which we find it in Genesis 1:2.
  4. What is implicit is that the fall of Satan and his rebellion focused on planet earth; God ejected the inhabitants and judged the world with a watery catastrophe.
  1. The cause of their fall must be related to the individual volition of each angel and the choice he made with respect to the conflicting viewpoints of God and Satan.
  1. Any view that God was the author of their evil, either directly or indirectly, must be rejected, based on the attribute of perfect righteousness. James 1:13
  2. Like Satan, they willingly chose to revolt against God, superimpose their wills over the will of God, and will ultimately be judged for that action.
  3. Although they were tempted externally by Satan (this being the remote cause of their fall), they ultimately decided for themselves; therefore, their own negative volition was the proximate and final cause of their fall.
  4. Any other solution to this obvious problem in the angelic conflict imputes evil to God and must be rejected.
  1. To suggest that God created evil in Satan and some of the angels makes God the author of evil.
  2. To suggest that He allowed some to be tested with evil. and yet did not allow others to be tested, makes God a respecter of persons; this view is completely at odds with the scriptural revelation. Rom. 2:11; Eph. 6:9; James 2:9
  1. As a result of their fall, these angels lost their original holiness, were corrupted in their thinking processes, and became corrupt in their conduct. Acts 8:7
  1. They were judged, and sentenced to the lake of fire; however, it is abundantly clear that neither Satan nor the fallen angels were immediately incarcerated. Matt. 25:41; Rev. 20:10
  2. Although there are no explicit passages that detail the Satanic appeal, it is evident both legally and logically that since the sentence was passed and not executed, it must be under appeal.
  1. The length of time for the appeal would naturally be determined by the Judge; God determined that Satan’s appeal would be entertained for about the length of the time of human history.
  2. This certainly establishes a relationship between the angelic conflict and human history, which is designed to demonstrate to all concerned that Satan’s appeal does not have any merit.
  3. Although there is some speculation about the basis for Satan’s appeal, it seems most logical to understand that his appeal was based on the fact that a loving God could not sentence His own creation to the Lake of Fire.
  4. Given the nature of Satan after the fall, it is not inconceivable that he may have attacked God with respect to other aspects of His essence as well.
  5. God responded to Satan’s objections by forming a creature lower than Satan or the angels, which was designed to provide evidentiary material in response Satan’s appeal.
  6. That evidentiary material consists of the obedient acts of a lower creature (mankind), combined with the unified function of God’s attributes in dealing with the lower creature. Heb. 2:6-7
  1. God is omniscient, and based on His foreknowledge, He knew that Adam and Eve would fall in the garden.
  2. While we see God’s plan for human history from the perspective of a post-fall state of affairs, one should be aware that Adam and Eve had the potential to continue to experience perfect fellowship with the Lord in a perfect environment eternally.
  3. Thus, Adam and Eve had the potential to have been the sole source of evidence in Satan’s appeal, had they obeyed God and not succumbed to Satan’s tactics.
  4. Nevertheless, the nature of God’s grace and love is further magnified by the fall of man and the subsequent need for the substitutionary death of God’s Son.
  1. If the lower creature with less power, ability, intelligence, experience, and intimate knowledge of God than Lucifer had at his disposal could make decisions consistent with the will of God, then certainly Lucifer had an even greater capacity to do so.
  2. Further, Satan’s sin and subsequent rebellion took place in a perfect environment; following Adam, mankind’s acts of obedience to God took place in a cursed environment, coupled with the reality of having a sin nature.
  3. God’s perfect love was manifested in His sinless Son’s undeserved death on the Cross, which was also completely consistent with all the other attributes of God’s perfect essence. Jn. 3:16; Eph. 2:4; IJn. 4:10
  4. Given this fact, it is quite understandable that Satan would do all that was within his power to thwart the appearance of the Seed of the Woman, who Satan knew would destroy the basis for his appeal. Gen. 4:8, 6:1ff, 11:1-9; Matt. 2:1-16
  5. Further, once the lineage of Messiah was understood to come through the Jewish people, Satan promoted anti-Semitism as a means to exterminating the Jewish race, and prevent the appearance of Messiah. Est. 3:6; Ps. 83:1-8; Dan. 11:31-35
  6. Satan continues his opposition against Messiah by seeking to thwart the fulfillment of the various prophecies related to the Church, the Second Advent, and the establishment of the Messiah’s eternal kingdom. IICor. 2:11, 11:14; IThess. 2:18; IIThess. 2:9; Rev. 12:9-17, 13:1-2, 20:7-9
  1. During the appeal (human history) the fallen angels are left free to engage in active opposition to God (Isa. 14:12-14), the work of the elect angels (Dan. 10:12ff), the people of God (IChron 21:1; Job1-2; Eph. 6:11ff; ITim. 4:1-3; IPet 5:8), the nations (Rev. 16:13), and to abuse unbelievers. Lk. 8:12; IICor. 4:3-4
  2. One segment of the fallen angels engaged in the sexual infiltration of the human race in Genesis 6 and is currently imprisoned in the section of the earth known as Tartarus. Gen. 6:1ff; IIPet. 2:4; Jude 6
  3. Satan and his angels continue to have access to Heaven throughout human history, which they use to malign believers, insult God, and accuse believers in that court. Zech. 3:1; Job 1-2; Rev. 12:10
  4. At the middle of Daniel’s 70th week, Satan and his followers will have their access withdrawn, as Michael instigates a forcible ejection from Heaven; at that time, they will be confined to planet earth for the duration of Daniel’s 70th week. Rev. 12:8-9
  5. Although not explicitly stated, it would again be logical and legal to understand that the fallen angels are incarcerated with Satan during the course of the Millennium. Rev. 20:1-3
  6. Following their release, Satan and his followers instigate the final human rebellion against God, and are then cast into the Lake of Fire for eternity. Rev. 20:7-10
  1. The ministry of elect angels.
  1. While all angels were created to express something of the Eternal God, only the elect angels continue to fulfill that function.
  2. Part of their function involves the ongoing worship of the Eternal One that created all things. Isa. 6:3; Rev. 4:8, 5:11
  3. God may choose to use angels as a physical means of transport, in spite of the fact that He is omnipresent. Ps. 18:10
  4. Elect angels have a ministry toward believers, and may be dispatched to protect or deliver God’s people. Ps. 91:11-12; Dan. 6:22; Acts 12:11
  5. On certain occasions, they provide guidance and encouragement to believers. Matt. 28:5-7; Acts 8:26, 27:23-24
  6. Before the completion of the canon, angels were sent to interpret God’s word to mankind. Dan. 7:15ff; Zech. 1:9,19, 4:4-5, 5:5ff, 6:4ff; Rev. 1:1
  7. Angels were involved in the mediation of the Mosaic Law. Acts 7:53; Gal. 3:19
  8. One or more elect angels are dispatched to planet earth to carry the believer to Heaven at the time of his physical death. Lk. 16:22
  9. They are used by God to execute judgment on individuals and societies, a fact that will be very evident in Daniel’s 70th week. Gen. 19:12-13; Ezek. 9; Acts 12:23; Rev. 16
  10. Angels were highly involved in all aspects of the First Advent.
  1. The angel Gabriel announced the birth of John the Baptist to Zacharias, aas well as the birth of Christ to Mary. Lk. 1:11ff, 1:26
  2. An angel instructed Joseph not to break off his engagement with Mary, and told him what to name the coming baby. Matt. 1:20-21
  3. An angel appeared to the shepherds in the field to announce the birth of the Messiah; following that announcement, an army of angels appeared. Lk. 2:8ff
  4. An angel directed Joseph to flee to Egypt to protect the young boy. Matt. 2:13
  5. Angels ministered to Jesus Christ following His temptation by Satan. Matt. 4:11
  6. An angel appeared to strengthen Him in Gethsemene. Lk. 22:43
  7. While they were not visible, Jesus Christ made it plain that angels were poised to deliver Him from His enemies. Matt. 26:53
  8. An angel rolled the stone away from the empty tomb, and instructed the women to go to Galilee. Matt. 28:2-7
  9. Angels were present at the ascension. Acts 1:11
  10. The elect angels will be present at the Second Advent. Mk. 14:62; Rev. 1:7
  1. Angels express an emotional response when positive volition accepts the gospel. Lk. 15:10
  2. They observe the affairs of men; they react with pleasure, or are offended, as men adjust or maladjust to the Divine viewpoint. ICor. 11:10
  3. They take a keen interest in Bible doctrine and learn about the plan of God as the truth is taught in Bible class. IPet. 1:12
  4. Angels will be quite active and involved in the events of Daniel’s 70th week and beyond.
  1. They will make important announcements. Rev. 14:6,8,9, 18:1,21
  2. They will protect believers. Rev. 7:1-3
  3. They will be involved in many of the judgments. Rev. 8:2ff; 9:2,13-14, 15:1, 16:1ff
  4. They will expel Satan and his demons from Heaven. Rev. 12:7-9
  5. They will be present at the Second Advent. Matt. 25:31; Rev. 19:14
  6. They will stand before the gates of the New Jerusalem, as an honorary body of sentinels that exclude all that are unworthy. Rev. 21:12
  1. Classification of angels.
  1. Angels may be classified in a number of ways, which is designed to provide insight into their nature and function.
  2. They may be classified according to their relationship with God.
  1. Those angels that did not fall are called:
  1. Elect, which emphasizes God’s foreknowledge of their positive volition. ITim. 5:21
  2. Holy, which denotes their separation from sin to God. Mk. 8:38
  3. Angels of God, a genitive of relationship/ownership, God’s angels. Gen. 28:12
  1. The fallen angels are called:
  1. Demons, which means lesser gods. Matt. 8:31, 12:24
  2. Unclean spirits, indicating their spiritually filthy status before God. Matt. 10:1
  3. His angels, a reference to their relationship with Satan and the fact that they share his destiny. Matt. 25:41; Rev. 12:10
  1. They may be classified by rank.
  1. Most people would recognize that there are distinct categories of angels mentioned in the Bible; however, we are not told how the various ranks are organized.
  2. It is clear that there is an organization and hierarchy among the angels; thus, some are more powerful than others as seen in the following:
  1. Michael is called one of the chief princes and an archangel, both of which appear to refer to the same station or category. Dan. 10:13; Jude 9
  2. Out of the category of angels known as the ~ybiruK. (kerubhiym—cherubs/cherubim), Lucifer is singled out as having a more exalted position. Ezek. 28:14
  3. This has caused some to speculate that there were three archangels, who were of the cherub class (Lucifer, Michael, and Gabriel), and each of whom had authority over one-third of the angelic host.
  4. The Scriptures speak of the assembly and council of the angels (Ps. 89:5,7), of their organization for battle (Rev. 12:7), and of a king over the demon-locusts. Rev. 9:11
  5. They are also given governmental classifications, which indicate organization and ranking. Eph. 3:10. 6:12
  1. While it is not wise to attempt to provide a dogmatic hierarchy among the angels, it is evident that the following classes are mentioned; also bear in mind that some of these may be designations for the same class of angels.
  1. Cherubim. Gen. 3:24; also called living beings. Ezek. 1:5,26 cf. 10:2
  2. Seraphim. Isa. 6:2ff
  3. Watchers. Dan. 4:13,17
  4. Prince, Chief princes, Great prince. Dan. 10:13,20-21, 12:1; Eph.2:2
  5. Archangels. Jude 9
  6. Rulers and authorities. Eph. 3:10, 6:12
  7. World forces. Eph. 6:12
  8. Thrones and dominions. Col. 1:16
  9. Four living creatures. Rev. 4:6-8
  1. The general term angels is the common New Testament designation, while the Old Testament often used the term hosts/armies as a designation for fallen and elect angels.
  2. The general term sons of God is used of both fallen and elect angels. Gen. 6:2; Job 1:6
  1. They may be classed by name, only four of which are revealed in the Word of God.
  1. Lucifer, whose pre-fall title means son of the morning. Isa. 14:12
  1. He is also known as Satan, which means the adversary. IChron. 21:1; Matt. 4:10
  2. The Devil, meaning slanderer or accuser. Matt. 4:1; Jude 9
  3. The Serpent, which emphasizes his guile, cunning, and hostility toward mankind. Gen. 3:1; Rev. 20:2
  4. The Evil One, indicating that he is the source of evil in the universe. Jn. 17:15; IJn. 5:19
  5. Beelzebul/Beelzebub, a term that means lord of the flies, denoting his position as ruler of the demons. Matt. 12:24
  6. The tempter, emphasizing his work of enticing men to sin. Matt. 4:3; IThess. 3:5
  7. Ruler/god of this world, which indicates that at present the world is under his control. Jn. 12:31; IICor. 4:4
  1. Michael, whose name means Who is like God?.
  1. He ss called a chief prince and an archangel. Dan. 10:13; Jude 9
  2. This angel disputed with Satan over the disposition of the body of Moses. Jude 9
  3. He is apparently the patron and protector of Israel. Dan. 10:21, 12:1
  4. He will attack Satan in open warfare, and will eject him and his angels from the third heaven around the middle of Daniel’s 70th week. Rev. 12:7-9
  1. Gabriel, whose name means the mighty one of God; this angel is always seen in the Bible as a messenger, a revealer of God’s plans or purposes. Dan. 8:15-17, 9:20ff; Lk. 1:11-19, 26ff
  2. Abaddon/Apollyon. Rev. 9:11
  1. The Hebrew term Abaddon is derived from the verb db;a’ (‘abhadh), which means to destroy or be destroyed.
  2. Both the Hebrew and Greek nouns mean destroyer or destruction.
  3. This creature is a fallen angel that is ruler/king over the anti-diluvian demons, who have been incarcerated in Tartarus for abandoning their celibate status, and intruding into the sexual realm. Jude 6; IIPet 2:4
  1. They may be classified by their area of responsibility or their function.
  1. Teaching. Dan. 7:16; Zech. 1:9,19,21; Rev. 21:9
  2. Executing judgments. Acts 12:23; Rev. 8,9
  3. Evangelizing. Rev. 14:6
  4. Praising God. Isa. 6:2ff; Rev. 4:8
  5. Controlling the environment or elements. Rev. 7:1, 14:18, 16:5
  6. Sentries. Gen. 3:24; Rev. 21:12
  7. Transporting. Matt. 13:49-50; Lk. 16:22
  8. Guardian angels. Matt. 18:10
  9. Watching. Dan. 4:13,17
  1. The relationship of angels to men.
  1. Angels were created superior to man in every way, both in their estate and inherent qualities. Heb. 2:6-7
  2. God condescended to become man and was made lower than the angels during the incarnation by assuming a human body in order to redeem fallen man. Heb. 2:9-10
  3. The very fact that He did not partake of the nature of angels (He did not become a God/angel) but did partake of human nature (He became the God/man), led the author of Hebrews to conclude that salvation was not provided for fallen angels as it was for mankind. Heb. 2:14-17
  4. The one who believes in Messiah for salvation will share His glorious destiny and will be exalted above the angels in his final estate. ICor. 6:3; Phil. 3:21; Heb. 2:8-9
  5. By virtue of our union with Christ, we are now positionally superior to angels; in the resurrection, we will be experientially superior to the angels.
  6. Therefore, men are not to worship angels; they are to view them as the servants of God, sent forth to render service on behalf of positive volition. Col. 2:18; Heb. 1:14; Rev. 22:8-9
  7. It certainly appears that each believer (and perhaps every child) has an angel assigned to him for protection; this does not mean that bad things may not befall believers, but that nothing can happen apart from the permissive will of God. Ps. 34:7, 91:11; Matt. 18:10
  8. Fallen angels are the gods and goddesses behind the artificial idols, which are worshiped in false religions. Lev. 17:7; Deut. 32:17; Psa. 106:37, 38; Col. 2:18

Bless the LORD, you His angels, Mighty in strength, who perform His word, Obeying the voice of His word! Psa 103:20