Doctrine of Prayer

July 23, 2010

The Doctrine of Prayer
I. Preliminary Considerations:
A) Prayer, as with all issues of Bible Doctrine, must be taught from the mandates of Scripture
to the Royal Family to be properly understood. Mt 6:1-13; Lk 11:1f
B) Like most doctrines in Scripture, the concept of legitimate prayer has suffered due to
misconceptions and religious distortions.
1) Prayer is not some kind of “blank check”, which the believer fills in and God honors
upon demand, distorting Mt 21:22 “And all things you ask in prayer, believing, you
shall receive.”
2) Prayer is not a system by which we seek to persuade God to acclimate to our thinking,
or try to force Him to do something we desire, distorting Mk 11:23. “Truly I say to
you, whoever says to this mountain, ‘Be taken up and cast into the sea,’ and does not
doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says is going to happen, it shall be
granted him.”
3) Prayer does not enable us to coerce God into doing something He does not want to do,
which distorts Lk 18:1-7.
a) we cannot legitimately pray for something that would violate God’s Essence (“pray
someone saved/positive”), or pray for something that is against Doctrinal principles
b) we cannot legitimately ask Him to make an “exception” in our case
c) if the answer to a prayer request is obviously “no”, we should not rationalize
d) we should not misapply and then ask God for deliverance from Discipline
4) Standard human viewpoint about prayer includes:
a) King James’ English is God’s preferred choice as far as language is concerned. cp
Mk 14:36 “And He was saying, “Abba! Father!…”
b) repetitious phrases somehow impress God and get His attention. Mt 6:7 “And when
you are praying, do not use meaningless repetition, as the Gentiles do, for they
suppose that they will be heard for their many words.”
c) posture (kneeling, bowed head, folded hands, etc.) affects how well God responds
to our prayers. cp Gen 32:29; Ex 33:18; Jdg 20:28; 1Sam 1:9-13; Ps 28:2; Eze
9:8; Lk 22:41; Ac 1:15 cp 24, 16:24-25
d) God is more inclined to listen if we are hungry/fasting (the Lord’s prayer of Jn 17
came immediately after a meal)
e) long public prayers impress God (saying Grace before dinner and mentioning
everything but the food)
II. Vocabulary
A) Hebrew:
1) hl’x’ – ChaLaH (v) – literally, to be weak, sick or grieved; when used with “before
the Lord”, it indicates a prayer for mercy or help in the face of danger. Ps 119:58 “I
entreated Your favor with all my heart…”
2) !n:x’ – ChaNaN (v) – to be gracious, merciful, or show pity; Hithpael = to beseech or
implore. Dt 3:23 “I also pleaded with the LORD at that time…”
a) hN”xiT. – TeCHiNaH (n) – a cry or prayer for mercy, compassion, or pity. Ps 119:170
“Let my supplication come before You; Deliver me according to Your word.”
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b) !Wnx]T; – TaCHaNUN (n) – only used in the plural, similar to the preceding word,
it emphasizes the soul pressure that causes prayers for mercy or pity. Ps 28:2
“Hear the voice of my supplications when I cry to You for help, When I lift up my
hands toward Your holy sanctuary.”
3) ll’P’ – PaLaL (v) – to pray or intercede for another, to be a mediator, or to pray to
God in regard to someone else. Gen 20:17 “And Abraham prayed to God; and God
healed Abimelech and his wife and his maids…”
a) hL’piT. – TePHiLLaH (n) – prayer, intercession (most common noun for prayer) Ps
54:2 “Hear my prayer, O God”
4) la;v’ – Sha’aL (v) – to ask, request, or demand something; it emphasizes the need of
the one asking and the ability of the one being asked to meet that need. Jdg 20:27
“And the sons of Israel inquired of the LORD…”
a) hl’aev. – She’eLaH (n) – a specific request, a petition. 1Sam 1:27 “For this boy I
prayed (ll’P ‘), and the LORD has given me my petition which I asked of Him.”
b) hl’a’v.m – MiSHe’aLaH (n) – any desire or petition Ps 37:4 “Delight yourself in
the LORD; And He will give you the desires of your heart.”
5) rt'[‘ – ‘aTHaR (v) – related to words for incense/perfume, it emphasizes the concept
of sacrifice and the pleasing effect it has on God, the prayers of a righteous believer
being analogous to the offering of incense. Job 22:27 “You will pray to Him, and He
will hear you; And you will pay your vows.”
B) Greek
1) aivte,w – aiteō (v) – to ask, request, or demand something. Js 1:5 “But if any of you
lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all men …”
2) ai;thma – aitēma (n) – a thing requested. Phi 4:6 “…by prayer and supplication with
thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God”
3) de,omai – deomai (v) – lit, to stand in need of something, it emphasizes asking for
something based on an urgent need. Lk 22:32 “but I have prayed for you, that your
faith may not fail…”
4) de,hsij – deēsis (n) – a request or entreaty based on urgency or emotional upset. Rom
10:1 “Brethren, my heart’s desire and my prayer to God for them is for their
5) evntugca,nw – entungchanō (v) – to meet in a familiar fashion with someone for
purpose of consultation or conversation. Heb 7:25 “Hence, also, He is able to save
forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make
intercession for them.”
6) u`perentugca,nw – huperentungchanō (v) – to make intercession of the highest degree
for someone (1x). Rom 8:26 “And in the same way the Spirit also helps our
weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we should, but the Spirit Himself
intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words”
7) eu;comai – euchomai (v) – to pray or request something for yourself or others; it
stresses the religious nature of prayer, the element of devotion as a man approaches
God. 2Cor 13:9 “For we rejoice when we ourselves are weak but you are strong;
this we also pray for, that you be made complete”
8) proseu,comai – proseuchomai (v) – to pray, to talk to/with God. Mt 6:9 “Pray, then,
in this way: ‘Our Father who is in heaven…’”
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9) proseuch, – proseuchē (n) – prayer; a conversation with God. Lk 6:12 “And it was at
this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in
prayer to God”
10) evrwta,w – erōtaō (v) – to seek information or make a request; it stresses the fact that
we lack certain information and must bring our requests to God and rely on His
answers. Jn 16:26 “In that day you will ask in My name, and I do not say to you that
I will request the Father on your behalf;”
III. Prayer in the Old Testament
A) The OT makes it plain that those who acclimate to God and His Plan have an audience
with Him, while those who are maladjusted (believer or unbeliever) do not. Pro 15:29
“The LORD is far from the wicked, But He hears the prayer of the righteous.”
B) The Temple was regarded as a house of prayer. Isa 56:7 cp Mt 21:13
C) The importance of prayer, and its protocol, was taught through the ritual of the
Tabernacle. Ex 30:1-10
1) The altar of incense was the specified place where the incense was to be offered, and
was located in the Holy Place, symbolic for the believer in time. vss 1, 6
2) Incense is symbolic of prayer. Ps 141:2 “May my prayer be counted as incense
before You…”(lit – “let my prayer be established incense before You”) cp Rev 5:8
“having… golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints.”
3) The altar was made of wood overlaid with gold, which represents the Hypostatic
Union. vss 1,3
4) This portrays that all prayers are to be offered through the Person of Christ, the one
mediator between God and man. cp Eph 2:18 “for through Him we both have our
access in one Spirit to the Father.”
5) The altar of incense was located directly in front of the veil that separated the Holy
Place from the Most Holy Place. vs 6
6) This teaches that in time we offer our prayers through the veil (Christ and His work)
to the unseen throne of Grace. cp Heb 10:19-22
7) The incense that was offered was a specific combination of aromatic substances that
was not to be altered. Ex 30:34-36
8) This is analogous to the content of prayer, as specified by the Word of God.
9) Anyone who altered the formula, or misused it, was to be “cut off” (i.e. put to death)
from Israel. vss 9, 37-38 (cp Ex 31:14)
10) This is designed to teach God’s attitude toward those who do not conform to the
Biblical content for prayer (temporal death).
11) The order of worship dictated by God caused the priest to pass before the bronze
altar (a symbol for Ph1 salvation), then the bronze laver (Rb), before proceeding to
the Holy Place. vss 17-20
12) This teaches that prayer is effective only for believers in fellowship.
13) Only the prescribed fire from the bronze altar was to be used to ignite the incense.
Lev 16:12-13
14) This symbolizes that the first step to legitimate prayer is belief in Christ’s work on
the cross.
D) The offering of incense to the gods of the Gentiles represented their prayers and
devotions to someone other than the true God. cp 1Ki 11:8 “Thus also he did for all his
foreign wives, who burned incense and sacrificed to their gods.”
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IV. The Protocol of Prayer
A) The believer is to direct all prayers to God the Father. Mt 6:6, 9; Eph 3:14, 5:20 “always
giving thanks for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to God, even the
B) The believer is to pray in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. Jn 14:13 “And whatever
you ask in My name, that will I do…”
1) This does not mean we must use this exact phrase, but that we acknowledge His
position as our Mediator.
2) Jesus taught the disciples to pray to the Father in His name. Jn 16:23-27
C) The believer is to pray in the power of the Holy Spirit. Eph 6:18a “With all prayer and
petition pray at all times in the Spirit…”
1) There is no New Testament precedent or command to address prayers to the Holy
2) The Holy Spirit perfects our prayers to the Father, presenting them to Him on our
behalf as complete and ideal. Rom 8:26-27
V. The Necessary Disciplines of Prayer
A) In order to pray effectively, a believer must possess the necessary Doctrine in the soul.
Jn 15:7“If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it
shall be done for you.”
1) We recognize that God may cause good things to happen even toward the evil when
they ask (Mt 5:45), but there is a far cry from God responding to men operating
under His Permissive Will to those that communicate with Him according to His
Directive Will.
2) The Filling of the Holy Spirit is essential to effective prayer. Jn 15:7a
3) When we follow the appropriate protocol, the HS delivers our prayers directly to the
Father. Rom 8:26
a) we may have weaknesses at certain times in the area of prayer; oftentimes not
being able to articulate accurately in a given situation
b) lacking Omniscience, we are not adequate at times to offer a prayer that covers all
the issues in a given situation
c) by grace, the Holy Spirit perfects our prayers, and brings them to God the Father
for an answer
4) Wisdom in this area enables the believer to know when to keep asking, quit asking,
or wait. Mt 7:7 “Ask (P A Imp), and it shall be given to you; seek (P A Imp), and you
shall find; knock (P A Imp), and it shall be opened to you.” cp 2Cor 12:7-9 (NOTE –
5) Adjustment to the God’s Will is a prerequisite for answered prayer. Js 5:16b “The
effective prayer of a righteous man can accomplish much.”
B) Since there are so many strong commands to constantly engage in prayer, and because
there are so many things for and about which we need to pray, we should devote
ourselves to it, setting aside time as required (even if we have to preempt some other
favorite activity or pastime).
C) Honesty before God is a necessity – He knows the true motivations of the heart anyway.
cp Ps 42:6a “O my God, my soul is in despair within me”; Mt 26:38-39
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D) Involved, intense prayer should be private. Mt 6:5-6
E) Prayer is an absolutely essential part of the believer’s function and success in the CWL –
persistence is commanded. Lk 11:5-10
F) Prayer should include all things, however major or trivial. Phi 4:6 “Be anxious for
nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests
be made known to God.”
G) Prayer should not be an occasional function, nor a last resort – consistency is required.
1Th 5:17 “pray without ceasing”
H) Personal righteousness and unity (based on BD) are necessary. 1Tim 2:8 “Therefore I
want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and
VI. Classifications of Prayer
A) Confession – Lk 11:4; 1Jn 1:9
B) Thanksgiving/Praise – Col 4:2 “Devote yourselves to prayer, keeping alert in it with an
attitude of thanksgiving” cp Heb 13:15
C) Intercession – Eph 6:18-19
D) Petition/Supplication – 1Tim 2:1 – “First of all, then, I urge that entreaties and prayers,
petitions and thanksgivings, be made on behalf of all men,”
VII. Some Objects of Prayer
A) Thanksgiving:
1) our salvation – Rom 6:17-18 “But thanks be to God that though you were slaves of
sin, you became obedient from the heart to that form of teaching to which you were
committed, and having been freed from sin, you became slaves of righteousness”
2) the Divine Essence; Who and What God is – Heb 13:15 “through Him then, let us
continually offer up a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that give
thanks to His name.”
3) Bible Doctrine – Col 3:16 “Let the word of Christ richly dwell within you, with all
wisdom teaching and admonishing one another with psalms and hymns and spiritual
songs, singing with thankfulness in your hearts to God.”
4) Right PT – 1Th 5:12 “But we request of you, brethren, that you appreciate those who
diligently labor among you, and have charge over you in the Lord and give you
5) other adjusted ministries – 2Cor 1:11 “you also joining in helping us through your
prayers, that thanks may be given by many persons on our behalf for the favor
bestowed upon us through the prayers of many.”
6) establishment chain of command – 1Tim 2:1-2 (notice the purpose of the prayer –
“in order that we may lead a tranquil and quiet life…”)
7) our adoption as children of God (CPT for the Church Age only) – Eph 1:3-6
8) opportunities to apply – 2Cor 9:10-11
9) testing – Phi 4:6 “Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and
supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.”
10) spiritual gifts(s) – 1Cor 1:4-8
11) answered prayers (whatever the outcome) – Jn 11:41 “And so they removed the
stone. Then Jesus raised His eyes, and said, “Father, I thank You that You have
heard Me.”
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B) Intercession:
1) the PT:
a) under testing – Phil 1:22 “And at the same time also prepare me a lodging; for I
hope that through your prayers I shall be given to you.”
b) in his study and function – 2Th 3:1 “Finally, brethren, pray for us that the word
of the Lord will spread rapidly and be glorified, just as it did also with you”
c) to fulfill his niche – Heb 13:18 “Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a good
conscience, desiring to conduct ourselves honorably in all things.”
2) other adjusted ministries – 2Cor 1:11
3) establishment chain of command – 1Tim 2:1-2
4) royal chain of command – Rom 15:30-32
5) Hope Bible Church, individually and corporately – Col 1:3-12
6) the well-being (soulish and physical) of other positive believers – 3Jn 2 “Beloved, I
pray that in all respects you may prosper and be in good health, just as your soul
7) believers under testing – Ac 12:5 “So Peter was kept in the prison, but prayer for
him was being made fervently by the church to God.”
8) your enemies, including those who are hostile to the Truth. Mt 5:44 “But I say to
you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you”
9) the propagation of Bible Doctrine to positive volition – 2Th 3:1 “Finally, brethren,
pray for us that the word of the Lord may spread rapidly and be glorified, just as it
did also with you”
10) the believers of Daniel’s 70th Week – Rev 7:9-8:4
C) Petition:
1) Wisdom (in general and specific areas), the single most important petition one can
offer – Pro 2:3-5, 4:7; Js 1:5; cp 1Kin 3:5-14
2) the resolution of the Angelic Conflict – Mt 6:10 “Your kingdom come. Your will be
done, On earth as it is in heaven.”
3) living grace – Mt 6:11 “Give us this day our daily bread.” cp Pro 30:8-9
4) protection from the STA and Angelic Conflict – Mat 6:13 “And do not lead us into
temptation, but deliver us from evil.” (NOTE: “EVIL” HAS THE D.A. AND IS A SUBSTANTIVE
5) Right Man-Right Woman/Family (pray for God’s guidance, wisdom, and opportunity
to fulfill the commands) – Col 3:18-20
6) the maturity adjustment – Col 4:12 cp Phi 3:12-16
7) opportunities to apply, generally and under one’s spiritual gift – 2Th 1:11 “To this
end also we pray for you always that our God may count you worthy of your calling,
and fulfill every desire for goodness and the work of faith with power”
8) Divine guidance – 2Th 3:5 – “And may the Lord direct your hearts into the love of
God and into the steadfastness of Christ.”
9) all that pressures you – Phi 4:6; 1Pet 5:7 “casting all your anxiety upon Him,
because He cares for you”
VIII. Hindrances to Effective Prayer
A) Unrepentant and/or continued STA activity (failure to Rebound) – Ps 66:18 “If I
regard wickedness in my heart, The Lord will not hear”
B) Negative volition, rejection of Wisdom – Pro 1:28-29
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C) Lack of compassion/mercy to those less fortunate – Pro 21:13 “He who shuts his ear
to the cry of the poor Will also cry himself and not be answered.”
D) Wrong content, based on negative volition – Pro 28:9 “He who turns away his ear
from listening to the law, Even his prayer is an abomination.”
E) Laziness/lack of self-discipline – Lk 22:46 “and said to them, ‘Why are you sleeping?
Rise and pray that you may not enter into temptation.’”
F) Unbelief – Js 1:6-8
G) Failure to ask – Js 4:2c “You do not have because you do not ask.”
H) Wrong intent in asking – Js 4:3 “You ask and do not receive, because you ask with
wrong motives, so that you may spend it on your pleasures.”
I) Lack of domestic harmony (abuse of authority/failure to submit) – 1Pet 3:7 “You
husbands likewise, live with your wives in an understanding way… so that your
prayers may not be hindered.” cp Eph 5:22-24
J) Note that prayers are often not answered due to a consistent pattern of carnality,
manifested by (among other things) a failure to assemble consistently, unbelief, mental
attitude sins, failure to apply a specific doctrine, etc.
IX. The Model Prayer (erroneously called the “Lord’s Prayer”, which is Jn 17)
A) Jesus set such an example in prayer that His disciples were prompted to request He
teach them to do likewise. Lk 11:1-4
B) Like other doctrines, it was taught on more than one occasion. Mt 6:9-13
C) At no time did the Lord rebuke or belittle the disciples for requesting information
concerning prayer, nor did John the Baptist (or any other author of Scripture).
D) This prayer is a model concerning content and does not possess some magic, mystic
ability to get God’s attention, nor is it to be repeated mindlessly. Mt 6:7
E) The prayer and its content (combining Mt 6 and Lk 11):
1) Our Father emphasizes the family relationship between God and His children (the
Aramaic term “Abba” is an affectionate term, much like our “Daddy”).
2) Who is in Heaven stresses the believer’s orientation to God’s majesty,
transcendence, and sovereignty.
3) Holy is your Name emphasizes the Essence of God, with special emphasis on His
+R, His separation from all that is common or profane.
4) Your kingdom come, Your will be done on earth as it is in Heaven is a prayer for
the Millennial rule on earth, as well as the resolution of the Angelic Conflict.
5) Give us this day our daily bread is a request for Living Grace, since we are
dependant on God for our life and well-being.
6) Forgive us our sins is a general expression of Rebound.
7) For we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us, a necessary
prerequisite for obtaining Ph2 forgiveness from God – it stresses our humility and
grace orientation.
8) Do not lead us into temptation is a prayer that God will not allow circumstances
into our niche that would cause us to crash and burn – this admits our predilection for
the indwelling STA and the fact we all could potentially become spiritual casualties
(a prayer for protection, as God does not tempt anyone – Js 1:13)
9) Deliver us from the evil one (avpo. tou/ ponhrou/ from Mt 6:13) deals with the fact
that our unseen enemy, Satan, is ever active against us and would love for us to come
into some temptation that would destroy us. cp Jn 17:15
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10) “For yours is the power…” while a legitimate doxology, is not in the original text of
most manuscripts.
F) If Christ thought prayer was important enough to teach as a Divine Dynamic, what
should our attitude towards it be?
X. The Lord’s Prayer of John 17
A) Chapter 17 of the Gospel of John is the recorded prayer of Jesus in regard to:
1) Himself and His glorification – vss 1-5
2) His immediate disciples – vss 6-19
3) All believers that would follow – vss 20-26
4) As the High-Priestly prayer, it shows His concerns, desires, and requests concerning
His body and bride, the Church Universal, as well as for His ultimate glorification.
5) It is by far the longest of His recorded prayers, although it does not represent the
longest time He ever spent during prayer. Mar 6:45-46 cp Lk 6:12
a) after finishing a lengthy discourse on His imminent departure and the ushering in
of the new dispensation, Jesus offered this prayer for the benefit of Himself and
His disciples, serving to promise that all the Doctrine He has been teaching
would indeed come to fruition.
b) its tone is one of complete assurance of triumph and victory, blended with an
intense desire for the benefit and protection of Positive Volition remaining in the
world, and a full expectation of a positive response in all aspects from the Father.
B) The Content of the Prayer
1) Verse 1:
a) He begins by addressing God as Father, just as He had taught His disciples to
address God (Mt 6:9), the lack of the plural pronoun “our” making the term more
intimate and personal – a necessary attitude toward prayer.
b) He informs God that “the hour has come”, which points out that although we are
not actually informing God of things when we pray, it is appropriate to reiterate
Doctrinal principles that are true, and events coming our way.
c) by using the Imperative of doxa,zw – doxadzō “glorify”, Jesus both demands the
glory and realizes the certainty of it, soon to be a reality based on His obedience
and sacrifice.
(1) His posture reflects the attitude of familiarity and a secure relationship.
(2) that He uses the mood of command with the Father demonstrates that God is
not offended by prayers that reflect confident expectation of fulfillment by His
Person regarding the truths of BD, the Plan of God, and its advancement.
(3) His expressed purpose for praying in this fashion, for His own glorification,
was so that He could further glorify the Father, a work to which He had
devoted His entire existence.
2) Vs 2:
a) He claims this right to glorification as a part of the grace gifts of the Father to
Him, based on His obedience to the Will of God in all things.
b) just as the Father gave Him authority, He correctly fulfilled every aspect of His
responsibilities, and could therefore confidently anticipate the promised reward.
c) by application, we have the right and authority to expect blessing in time and
eternity for our applications, and God is neither offended nor reluctant to return to
us that blessing, based on our acclimation to His Will.
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3) Vs 3:
a) the focus of and purpose for the eternal life that He has authority to impart is
specified – “that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom
You have sent”.
b) the purpose for the granting of this authority is the ultimate glorification of the
Father, and it is for that goal that Christ lived His life.
4) Vs 4:
a) it is His perfect obedience to the Father that Jesus centers on – “I glorified You on
the earth, having accomplished the work which You have given Me to do.”
b) this obedience establishes the basis for His upcoming requests.
5) Vs 5:
a) He re-expresses His full expectation to receive glory for all that He has done.
b) the one who has correctly completed what the Father has ordained for him can
confidently seek self-glorification and vindication, committing himself to the
Father’s hand for blessing – this is a fundamental truth of God’s Word.
c) the whole Person seeks to enjoy the glory that the pre-incarnate Son enjoyed with
the Father from time immemorial, dwelling in unapproachable light and splendor
– it is, therefore, legitimate for us to do the same. cp 1Tim 6:16
6) Vs 6:
a) He makes application of His work to His disciples, beginning an intercessory
prayer for their continued growth and protection.
b) He initiates the prayer by stating that He has faithfully made the revelation to
these men for which He was commissioned – He has fully disclosed the very
nature of God and His thinking to these men during the course of His ministry.
c) He then points to the fact that these men first belonged to the Father, in vs 6b –
“they were Yours, and You gave them to Me”.
d) the fact that these men “have kept Your word” is evidence that they indeed
belong to Christ.
(1) in spite of any of their spiritual weaknesses, they did not waver in their faith
toward Jesus’ uniqueness as the God-Man; they fully believed that His Person
and message was Divine in nature and origin.
(2) further evidence is the fact they not only believed in Him, but that they
resolutely attached themselves to His ministry as the Messiah, (regardless of
their skewered distortions of His advent or ultimate purpose).
7) Vs 7:
a) while they were not prepared for the events to follow, they at no time doubted His
Person or His overall message as Messiah; this is the force behind “now they
have come to know that everything You have given Me is from You”. cp Ac 1:6
b) that to which they had come to full confidence was that everything Jesus did was
sponsored by God in corroboration of His being the Promised One.
8) Vs 8:
a) the central core of that message is given in vs 8a – “for the words which You gave
Me I have given to them;”
b) the central truth of His message, that these men had definitely received, is made
clear in vs 8b – “and they received them and truly understood that I came forth
from You, and they believed that You sent Me.”
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c) Jesus in His prayer acknowledges that their attitude toward Him in this regard is
correct and deserving of notation to God, an example of sanctified boasting.
9) Vs 9:
a) technically the beginning of the intercessory portion of the prayer – until this
point the Lord has been qualifying why it is appropriate to ask the following.
b) that volition is key in His prayer is made clear in the remainder of vs 9, as He
continues “I do not ask on behalf of the world (NEGATIVE VOLITION), but of those
whom You have given Me;”.
c) the kinds of things He is praying for here are limited to believers only – those
who reject His Person and Work have neither access nor right to these blessings.
d) the Doctrine of Election is the principle at hand and the cause behind Jesus
receiving these men, as made clear in the final phrase “for they are Yours”.
10) Vs 10:
a) there is total agreement and accord between the Father and the Son – “and all
things that are Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine;”
b) here is another verse clearly teaching the absolute equality of the Father and the
Son – no other person could make this deliberately bold statement.
c) that the disciples are a part of that which is given to the Son denotes that their
very persons have produced glory for the Son.
11) Vs 11:
a) having made these observations, Jesus reaches the crux of the prayer in vs 11 –
“And I am no longer in the world; and yet they themselves are in the world, and I
come to You.”
b) they will be in a hostile environment of Negative Volition that hates them and
their Master, so Jesus naturally prays for the continued security of their +V –
“Holy Father, keep them in Your name, the name which You have given Me”
c) He addresses the Father as Holy to emphasize the moral attributes of God, i.e. His
absolute righteousness (+R), justice (+J), Veracity, Love, and Immutability.
d) Jesus cites God’s character as the basis of His request that God guard these men
and watch over them in the BD that He had imparted to them.
e) the purpose behind the requested protection is seen in the remainder of the verse –
“that they may be one, even as We are.”
(1) it is the goal of the Father and the Son that these men become members of the
Church Universal, sharing the nature of Jesus through Positional Truth
(2) reaching that goal guarantees that they will be one with the Lord Jesus Christ,
and therefore one with the Father
12) Vs 12:
a) Jesus now looks back on His ministry with the disciples and states “While I was
with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I
guarded them, and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, that the
Scripture might be fulfilled.”
b) His reflection in this regard is to serve as evidence from His own Person that His
prayer for the Father’s protection in the future is indeed justifiable – if He
maintained their safety while with them physically, the Father will do the same as
a reward for His obedience and request.
c) the very Name/Reputation owned by Christ is that which the Father gave Him in
accordance with His pre-determined Plan. cp Ac 2:22-23
Doctrine of Prayer 11
d) the Aorist tense of fula,ssw – phulassō “guarded” looks at His entire Person and
ministry as an accomplished fact – at no time were they left to the mercy of the
cosmos or Negative Volition.
e) none of the believing disciples suffered any loss in a spiritual or physical sense,
as seen in the phrase “and not one of them perished”.
f) a Hebraistic phrase is used to designate the essential character of the one disciple
lost, due to his recalcitrant unbelief – “the son of perdition”.
g) this designation specifies that what Judas did was in no way what Jesus or the
Father desired for him (cp 1Tim 2:4), and that the very security requested for the
others was just as available to him as the others.
h) based on His knowledge of Scripture, Jesus knew the reason for Judas’ betrayal
was not due to any failure on His part, but rejection of Him as Messiah.
13) Vs 13:
a) once again referring to the purpose for this prayer and the fact that His ministry is
essentially complete, He states “But now I come to You”.
b) it is that very happiness/peace based on God’s Word (+H) that His ministry was
designed to impart to the disciples, as He states “these things I speak in the
world, that they may have My joy made full in themselves”
c) a major purpose behind His teaching ministry was to establish the potential for
these men to experientially possess the +H that His humanity enjoyed – if they
will orient to the Truth, they too can enjoy the blessings of happiness in time.
d) regardless of the circumstances of their life (or relative spiritual maturity), all
believers can enjoy the Ph2 Relaxed Mental Attitude (RMA) God has prepared for
us, simply by focusing on God, His Plan, and His Essence.
14) Vs 14:
a) the reality of suffering in the Devil’s world is made clear, but more importantly
the reason for the necessity of protection by the Father – “I have given them Your
word; and the world has hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I
am not of the world.”
b) the singular “word” is a collective singular, encompassing all the words of BD
that He had spoken. cp vs 8
c) that His word was given to these men clarifies the minimum requirements for +H
in their lives: faith in Christ and adherence to His teaching – to the degree they
orient to these realities, so will their +H multiply.
d) the reason this principle is of such utmost importance is due to the natural
consequence that follows +V, i.e. the world despises them, because:
(1) the world hated Him first – Jn 15:18
(2) He chose them out of the world – Jn 15:19
(3) they are not greater than their Master – Jn 15:20
(4) the world does not know God – Jn 15:21
e) this hatred is compounded by the fact that they no longer draw their source of life
from the world – 1Pet 4:2 “so as to live the rest of the time in the flesh no longer
for the lusts of men, but for the will of God”
f) Christ was not of the world due to His heavenly origin, the virgin birth bypassing
the STA and spiritual death, and His possession of Eternal Life – as of the new
birth, neither are His followers.
Doctrine of Prayer 12
15) Vs 15: “I do not ask You to take them out of the world, but to keep them from the evil
a) Jesus does not ask the Father to remove these men from the battleground of the
world, but to protect them in it – the Plan of God (POG) is not to take the believer
out of the world, but to leave them under the protection of BD as a witness to the
Truth. cp Mt 5:13-14; Phi 2:15
b) with the definite article, “the evil one” is a reference to the arch-enemy of God
and His children: Satan, as the originator and promoter of Evil.
c) just as in the Model Prayer, He asks the Father to keep these men safe from any
plan of Satan (or human viewpoint originating with him) that would bring a
premature end or disruption to their lives and/or ministries.
16) Vs 16: “They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.”
a) the repetition of vs 14 serves to emphasize the contrast of the world to their state
of being – the world has nothing to offer as a source or support of the new birth,
emphasizing their experiential existence apart from the world.
b) this transition sets the stage for the next portion of His prayer.
17) Vs 17: “Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth.”
a) Jesus has acknowledged that these men have received the message given to Him
to impart to them; now He recognizes it is not the Will of God for them to depart
the world as He will shortly do, but to remain behind in a hostile environment.
b) sanctification, or setting aside as holy, involves the volition of the believer that
chooses to cooperate with the Will of God in issues of the CWL.
c) the sole agent for Ph2 sanctification is the Truth of God’s Word.
18) Vs 18:
a) that Jesus chose these men for a specific purpose, to carry out God’s Plan as
Apostles in the Church, is seen in the phrase “As (kaqw,j – kathōs) You sent Me
into the world, I also have sent them into the world.”
b) just as the Father chose the Son, via the Incarnation, to bring His revelation to the
world in fulfillment of the Plan of God, even so Jesus has chosen these men to
continue to bring the revelation of God and His Son to the world.
19) Vs 19:
a) the Messianic mission and its fulfillment form the very pattern for the mission of
these men, which is the force behind “And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that
they themselves also may be sanctified in truth.”
b) His willingness to set Himself apart and render Himself as the Sin Offering on
our behalf is the very basis for our potential Ph2 sanctification.
20) Vs 20:
a) the Lord now extends the intercessory portion of His prayer beyond the
immediate disciples to other believers throughout history – “I do not ask in behalf
of these alone, but for those also who believe in Me through their word”
b) the 11 disciples are to act as intermediate agents commissioned by God to
articulate the Truth of the Plan of God in the absence of Jesus.
c) His requests for this group of men is equally applicable to all CA believers.
21) Vs 21: “that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You, that
they also may be in Us; that the world may believe that You did send Me.”
a) this verse gives the purpose for the statement of vs 20.
Doctrine of Prayer 13
b) upon manifesting +V at the point of salvation, believers of the Church Age are
entered into union with Christ, and thereby with the Father.
c) the phrase “that they may all be one” is essentially a prayer that the body of the
Church Universal will indeed come to fruition; Positional Truth is the force of the
2nd purpose clause, “that they also may be in Us”.
d) evangelism over the course of the Church Age is in view in the final purpose
clause of the verse, the world-wide proclamation of the Truth of the Gospel.
22) Vs 22:
a) the Lord’s prayer now moves beyond just the Salvation Adjustment to the Justice
of God (SAJG), to those making the Maturity Adjustment (MAJG).
b) by saying “The glory which You have given Me I have given to them” , He makes
reference to the elevated status that God the Father has bestowed on us – present
and future glory as children of God.
c) the expressed purpose for the impartation of BD is “that they may be one, just as
We are one” – just as the Father and the Son are co-equal, so CA believers will
share intimately in the glorification of the Lord, as one body.
d) the Subjunctive (as opposed to an Indicative) here indicates that the potential
exists for all believers to be of one mind, though not all will seize that opportunity
– it is the wish and desire of Jesus, but He is not foolish enough to think that all
believers will manifest Positive Volition to the same high level.
23) Vs 23: “I in them, and You in Me, that they may be perfected in unity, that the world
may know that You did send Me, and did love them, even as You did love Me.”
a) the phrase “I in them” refers contextually to BD resident in the soul of the
advancing believer (cp Jn 15:4-7), since Jesus was the complete representation of
the POG for the salvation of men, hence the phrase “and You (FATHER) in Me”.
b) the purpose for the believer to exploit the potential for what Christ has to offer,
the intake and application of BD over time, and the resultant building up of the
new man, is to be “perfected in unity” with other maturing believers.
c) like-minded believers, who are growing in the grace and knowledge of our Lord
and Savior Jesus Christ, are unified in their approach to Scripture, their
relationship with God, and their access to His grace blessings.
d) the ultimate purpose and result of this unity is the enhancement of our witness in
time toward those on the outside, as seen in “that the world may know that You
sent Me, and loved them, even as You loved Me” – this can only be experientially
true for those who line up with His Word.
24) Vs 24: “Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I
am, in order that they may behold My glory, which You have given Me; for You did
love Me before the foundation of the world.”
a) this verse concludes Jesus’ direct intercession, with the final two verses being a
summation of His relationship with the Father, and His work in the world.
b) He now mentions the sum total of all CA believers, since it is His Will that those
who exercise faith in His Person share the same ultimate destiny as He does.
c) that which the Father has given the Son is again a reference to the Church, the
inheritance for His completed Messianic mission.
d) He then re-engages in sanctified self-seeking with respect to His Person in Ph3,
saying “that they may see My glory which You have given Me”.
Doctrine of Prayer 14
e) in this context, His glory refers to the glorification of His humanity as it is exalted
to share in the glory of Deity; it is then that we as believers will have full
appreciation and total understanding as to all that Jesus accomplished during the
Incarnation, and provided on behalf of all men.
f) He then notes that His future glorification is the direct result of the Father’s love
for Him, which existed perfectly from Eternity Past.
g) while the Incarnation was an expression of glory in Jesus’ perfect expression of
the +R of God (Jn 1:14), the ultimate expression of that glory will be seen
experientially in the exalted Son of God.
25) Vs 25:
a) these next two verses contain no requests, but contain a summation of Jesus’
ministry and purpose.
b) the title “O righteous Father” emphasizes His attribute of perfect righteousness
and holiness (+R).
c) since He has been praying for +V, it is appropriate that He now distinguishes
between His followers and those who reject Him, by continuing “although the
world has not known You, yet I have known You; and these have known that You
sent Me.”
d) it is of interest that, at this point, He does not say that “these have known” the
Father, as He knows Him, but that they have full confidence in the fact that Jesus
was sent by God.
26) Vs 26:
a) Jesus then states that this reality has been and will continue to be accomplished
through His Person – He had revealed to them who and what God is, as well as
the BD necessary to operate in the POG.
b) His promise of future revelation was fulfilled through His post-resurrection
appearances and the sending of God the Holy Spirit during the CA period.
c) He then points out the purpose of His revelation, so that “the love with which You
loved Me may be in them, and I in them.”
d) the expressed Will of Christ is that believers enter into the full blessing of God’s
Plan, and that they have total rapport with Him in time, as well as Eternity.
XI. Concluding Observations
A) Prayer is both a privilege and a responsibility we possess due to our position in Christ.
Eph 1:3 “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us
with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ,”
B) Any communicator that teaches prayer is not a Christian dynamic and spiritual weapon
in the Angelic Conflict ignores such verses as:
1) Phi 4:6 “Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with
thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.”
2) Col 1:3 “We give thanks to God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always
for you”.
3) Col 4:2 “Devote yourselves to prayer, keeping alert in it with an attitude of
4) 1Th 5:17 “pray without ceasing”
5) 1Tim 2:1 “First of all, then, I urge that entreaties and prayers, petitions and
thanksgivings, be made on behalf of all men”.
Doctrine of Prayer 15
C) As with any other discipline, it must be studied and mastered in order to be practiced
D) Orientation to one’s time in history is essential for offering correct prayers – prayers for
the recovery of the United States or world peace violate the revealed Word of God,
manifest an ignorance of prophetic events, and are contrary to Divine Viewpoint. Jer
E) We may freely commit anything and everything in our lives to Him in prayer. Mt 7:7;
Phi 4:6
F) Often, God withholds blessing from our lives because we don’t ask for them, or He
waits until we do ask to grant them to us – another reason to pray consistently for all
your desires. Lk 11:11-13; Js 4:2c
G) Our requests must be tempered by the Doctrines of the Word of God, and we are to pray
in line with the Will of God. Jn 14:13
H) Certain individuals in the Local Church have been given, by God’s grace, a niche that
enables them to devote large amounts of time to prayer. 1Tim 5:5 “Now she who is a
widow indeed, and who has been left alone has fixed her hope on God, and continues in
entreaties and prayers night and day.”
I) We are to maintain perfect confidence and trust in our relationship with the Father,
based on the perfect work of the Son, and come to Him as any normal child comes to
their loving father. Heb 4:16 “Let us therefore draw near with confidence to the throne
of grace, that we may receive mercy and may find grace to help in time of need.”
J) Success in prayer is directly proportional to success in the realm of intake and
application of Bible Doctrine. 1Jn 3:21-22
K) We are to pray for guidance in making applications, even if we know they are the right
thing to do. Rom 15:30-32
Pro 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD, But the prayer of the
upright is His delight.
Heb 13:18 Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a good conscience, desiring to conduct
ourselves honorably in all things.__