essay: Fleur de Lis, symbol

December 17, 2016

The Fleur de Lis, symbol of the Toltec-Aztec God Quetzalcoatl 



Above is an image of Lord Quetzalcoatl crowned with a Fleur de lis symbol, reproduced from page 19 of the Codex Borgia one of five codices, or divinatory manuals in the Borgia group (now in the Vatican), that predate the Spanish Conquest. Here, the Aztec Toltec god-king, and culture hero Quetzalcoatl, (known as Waxak-lahun-Ubah-Kan among the Classic Maya) is portrayed wearing his trademark wind-jewel and the mask of the Wind God Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl. A closer look at the attributes of Quetzalcoatl’s headdress, depicts a harpy eagle, one of the many avatars of Quetzalcoatl, a trefoil or Fleur de lis symbol, and the “single eye” motif, a universal symbol of the resurrected Sun God. Also encoded in Quetzalcoatl’s headdress is a five pointed Venus half star symbol. The “fiveness” of Venus, 5 synodic cycles, comes from the fact that five Venus cycles of 584 days each equal eight solar years to the day, and that 584 days is the time it takes for Earth and Venus to line up with respect to the Sun.  This day was a period ending day in the sacred 260 day calendar (almanac) and always ended on the day Ahau (also spelled  Ajaw). Ahau in the Mayan language means Lord.



Much of our understanding of Mesoamerican religion has been pieced together from Spanish chronicles and pre-Hispanic and Colonial period manuscripts called codices. Unfortunately, for our understanding of the role of mushrooms in this religion, the Spanish missionaries who reported these mushroom rituals were repulsed by what they perceived to be similarities to holy Christian communion.  As a result, they made no attempt to record the rituals in detail and banished all forms of mushroom use.


Above is a page from the Post-Conquest, Manuscript of Glasgow, Historia de Tlaxcala Mexico: 1585, that depicts two Spanish Friars destroying and burning down a temple inhabited by demons. Note that the temple being destroyed in this scene is adorned with three Fleur de lis emblems, a symbol of Lord Quetzalcoatl, and his mushroom religion. 



In the years that followed the Spanish Conquest, all aspects of native ceremonial life were banned, temples and idols were destroyed, and hundreds of their colorfully illustrated books, known as codices, were burned. Despite these official sanctions, however, some conscientious historians continued to describe what they had observed, albeit with a heavy dose of sixteenth century cultural and religious bias.


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The Sumerian clay tablet above 713–716 BC portrays the goddess Inanna (known to Semites as Ishtar) flanked by two winged deities crowned with the Fleur de lis symbol, both holding a ritual bucket that contains a divine beverage of immortality.

Above is a terracotta horse-shaped vessel from Azerbaijan (Maku) 8th -7th century BCE. Central Asia, that encodes the Fleur de lis symbol (Archaeology Museum, Tehran, Iran).

Above is a carving from India of the Buddha meditating in a portal, under a Fleur-de-lis symbol, symbolic of the mushroom and the Tree of Life or Tree of Knowledge.  Nalanda Site Museum, Bihar, India.

Above is a doorway to the 16th-century Padmanabhaswamy Temple, located in Thiruvananthapuram India. The elaborate temple doorway is believed to be a portal guarded by a deity of the Underworld associated with death and Underworld resurrection. The portal door encodes dual serpents, wrapped around the Tree of Life, and dual Fleur de lis emblems.

Above is Carthaginian armor decorated with the Fleur de lis symbol emerging as the Tree of Life from the head of the Phoenician god Ba’al.

Above is another bearded deity, wearing ear flares encoded with an upside down, or inverted Fleur-de-lis symbol,  that is an esoteric reference to underworld resurrection. The deity may represent the Maya god Chac-Xib-Chac, or GI of the Palenque Triad.

Late Classic Maya figurine of a deity wearing ear plugs encoded with the upside down, or inverted Fleur-de-lis symbol.

Above is a scene from the temple of Sippar of the so-called “Sun-god Tablet” about B.C. 900.The ancient Babylonian stone relief depicts what appears to be the resurrection or raising of the Sun God with ropes by a bearded deity wearing a conical-shaped hat. Note that the Sun God, or wheel of the sun, or sun disk, emerges from a Fleur de lis symbol on an altar next to a pillar, that most likely represents the Word Tree portal. Note that the pillar also encodes the Fleur de lis emblem as a symbol of divine resurrection.

Temple of Baal Shamin, Palmyra.

Copper Cross Religious Fleur de Lis 22mm x 13.5mm Blank Cutout for Enameling Stamping Texturing Blanks

Fleur de Lis Cross