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Doctrine of Passover

July 23, 2010

Doctrine of the Passover

Outline

I. Definition and Description
A. Passover is one of 7 Feasts of Israel.
B. The 23rd chapter of the book of Leviticus gives us an account of the 7 Great Feasts of the Lord.
C. They were a prophecy and foreshadowing of future events, part of which have been fulfilled, and part are yet
to be.
D. They are the “shadow of things to come,” of which Christ is the “body” or substance (Col. 2:16-17).
E. They were “holy convocations” of the people.
F. They were instituted by the Lord.
G. The people had no say in the matter.
H. God promised that if the males went up at the appointed time to Jerusalem to keep these Feasts, He would look
after their families.
I. When the people became legalistic and arrogant, the Lord said, “I hate your new moons and your appointed
feasts; they have become a burden to Me. I am weary of bearing them” (Isa. 1:14).
J. Therefore Jesus called them the “feasts of the Jews,” rather than the “feasts of the Lord.”
K. The “feasts of the Lord” are 7 in number.
L. If we include the Sabbath there are 8.
M. But the Sabbath stands by itself.
N. It was to be observed “weekly,” the other feasts “annually.”
O. The Sabbath was to be observed at “home,” the other feasts at “Jerusalem.”
P. The 7 Feasts may be divided into 2 sections of 4 and 3.
Q. The 1st section includes the following feasts:
1. Passover
2. Unleavened Bread
3. First-Fruits
4. Pentecost
R. Then there was an interval of 4 months followed by the 2nd section includes the following feasts:
1. Trumpets
2. Atonement
3. Tabernacles
S. The 3 Great Festivals were the following:
1. Passover
2. Pentecost
3. Tabernacles
T. They extended from the 14th day of the 1st month (Nisan) to the 22nd day of the 7th month Tishri or Ethanim.
U. These 7 Feasts were given to only given to Israel to be observed and not the Church.
V. They do however dispensational implications since they mark God’s timetable with reference to human history.
W. Each of these 7 Feasts were designed in eternity past to be literally fulfilled by our Lord and Savior Jesus
Christ.
X. They speak of Lord Jesus Christ’s intervention into human history.
Y. The following Feasts were literally fulfilled by the Lord Jesus Christ during the dispensation of the hypostatic
union:
1. Passover: His voluntary substitutionary spiritual death on the cross in April of 30 A.D.
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2. Unleavened Bread: His impeccability as a Person.
Z. Pentecost was literally fulfilled when the Baptism of the Spirit took place in June of 30 A.D.which marked the
beginning of the Church Age.
AA. The following Feasts are eschatological in nature and thus have yet to be literally fulfilled:
1. Trumpets: Rapture or exit-resurrection of the Church terminating the Church Age.
2. Atonement: 2nd Advent of Christ ending the Tribulation dispensation.
3. Tabernacles: Millennial Reign of Christ on planet earth.
II. Vocabulary
A. Pesach (jsp) (peh’sagh) (noun), “passover.”
B. Pascha (paVsxa) (noun), “passover.”
III. Documentation
A. Leviticus 23:4-5
B. 1 Corinthians 5:7
IV. Feast
A. Passover and the feast of Unleavened Bread as a unit constituted the most important of the 3 great annual feasts
or festivals of Israel.
B. It was indifferently called the feast of the Passover and the feast of Unleavened Bread, but where the object
was to mark the distinction between the Passover as a sacrifice and as a feast following the sacrifice, the latter
was designated the feast of Unleavened Bread (Lev. 23:5-6).
C. The Passover is documented in Exodus 12 and Leviticus 23.
D. The Hebrew word pesah (from pasah, to “leap over,” figuratively to “spare, show mercy”) denotes:
1. an overstepping
2. the paschal sacrifice by virtue of which the passing over was effected (Ex. 12:21, 27, 48; 2 Chron. 30:15).
E. The paschal meal was on the evening of the 14th day of Nisan (post-exilic; Abib, exilic), and the 7 days
following are called the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Lev. 23:5-6)., hence the expression “the morrow of the
Passover” for the 15th day of Nisan (Num. 33:3; Josh. 5:11).
F. The whole feast, including the paschal eve, is called the festival of Unleavened Bread (Ex. 23:15; Lev. 23:6;
Ezra 6:22; Luke 22:1, 7; Acts 12:3; 20:6); but the simple name “Passover” (Hebrew: pesah) is the one
commonly used by the Jews to the present day for the festival of Unleavened Bread (2 Chron. 30:15; 35:1, 11;
Mark 14:1; Greek: pascha).
G. The Passover commemorated the final plague in Egypt in which the 1st born of the Egyptians died, but the
Israelites were spared by the blood on the doorposts and lintel (Ex. 12:11, 21, 27, 43, 48).
H. Thereafter the event was observed as a feast to the Lord (12:14).
I. The 2nd Passover was observed in the wilderness of Sinai (Num. 9:1-5).
J. The Passover marked the birth of Israel as a Client Nation to God (Ex. 12:2) and was to be observed by them
forever as a memorial.
K. It was observed in the 1st month (Abib; Deut. 16:1; the 1st month is called Nisan in post-exilic times: Neh.
2:1; Esth. 3:7) on the 14th day at twilight between 3-6pm (Lev. 23:5).
L. The head of every Jewish family chose a male lamb without blemish on the 10th Abib (Ex. 12:3l 1 Pet. 1:18-
19) and killing it on the 14th Abib (12:6) with none of its bones broken (literally fulfilled at the cross by Christ).
M. The lamb typified the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union Who was proclaimed by John the Baptist as “the
lamb of God” (John 1:29).
N. The blood was to be sprinkled on the doorposts and lintel of the house with hyssop (typifying the sinner being
cleansed from sin through faith alone in Christ alone since hyssop was a symbol of purification), so that when
the Lord passed over that night and saw the blood He would spare the 1st born in the house.
O. The lamb was to be roasted and served up whole (portraying the perfect obedience of Christ to the Father’s plan
for the Incarnation which was the cross), and eaten with unleavened bread (typifying the impeccability of the
humanity of Christ in hypostatic union) and bitter herbs (portraying the bitterness of slavery in Egypt), and
none of it left until the morning.
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P. Those who ate of it were to do so with their loins girded, their shoes on their feet, and their staff in their hand,
ready to leave Egypt (12:8-11).
Q. Neither the uncircumcised person nor the hired servant could eat (Ex. 12:48).
R. The shedding of the blood of the lamb typified the substitutionary spiritual death of the humanity of Christ
which was to take place approximately 1400 years later at Calvary.
S. The application of the blood of the animal to the doorposts and lintel demonstrated the Jew’s faith in the yet
future work of the coming Messiah on the cross thus portraying faith alone in Christ alone.
T. The unblemished lamb typified the impeccability of the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union.
U. The historical Personage of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is our literal Passover (1 Cor. 5:7).
V. Egypt typified the cosmic system of Satan and eschatologically, the world during the Tribulation period.
W. This night was followed by 7 days (hag hammassot) in which unleavened bread was eaten (Ex. 34:18-19; Lev.
23:6; cf. Ex. 12:31-34).
X. For this reason the NT speaks of the entire season as the “days of unleavened bread” (Acts 12:3; Luke 22:1).
Y. The unleavened bread typifies the impeccability of the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union.
Z. The Passover was given to Israel by the Lord under the Ritual Plan of God and is not applicable here in the
Church where the only ritual to be observed is the Lord’s Supper which is derived from the Passover meal.
V. First Passover
A. In order to fully understand the Lord’s Supper and why it was instituted by the Lord Jesus Christ for the Church
to observe, we must first take a look at the Jewish Passover which our Lord Himself observed as a Jew.
B. The first Passover took place April 14, 1441 B. C. (Ex. 12:1-14; Lev. 23:5).
C. The first month of the year, Nisan, represents the beginning of life.
D. Our Lord died and rose from the dead in the month of Nisan.
E. Passover was to represent Israel’s deliverance by the Lord from the slavery of Egypt, but more importantly it
represented our Lord’s death on the cross and was to be a memorial of man’s redemption accomplished by the
Lord Jesus Christ on the cross.
F. The Passover taught the Jews by the sacrifice of an innocent lamb without spot or blemish which portrays Christ
and what He would in the future do for them.
G. He would purchase the entire human race out of the slave market of sin-Redemption.
H. He would make the payment for sins and satisfy the justice of God-Propitiation.
I. He would reconcile God with man, therefore, making peace between the two-Reconciliation.
J. The Passover was to be observed on the 1st month of the Jewish year (Ex. 12:1-2).
K. Jewish Calendar Year:
1. Abibi or Nisan (March/April)
2. Zif or Iyyar (April/May)
3. Sivan (May/June)
4. Tammuz (June/July)
5. Ab (July/August)
6. Elul (August/September)
7. Ethanim or Tishri (September/October)
8. Bul or Marheshvan (October/November)
9. Kislev (November/December)
10. Tebeth (December/January)
11. Shebat (January/February)
12. Adar (February/March)
VI. The Protocol for the Passover
A. Exodus 12:3-4:
1. Each household was commanded by God to have a lamb.
2. Each person in Israel had to take part in the Passover in order to avoid the coming judgement of God
3. The first-born in every household of Egypt was to be slain if there was not blood from the sacrificed lamb
on the doorposts.
4. The blood spoke of Christ’s spiritual death on the cross which would be the payment for sins.
5. Putting blood on the doorposts was to have faith in Christ and His future work on the cross.
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B. Exodus 12:5:
1. The lamb was to be perfect as our Lord would be in His humanity (Ex. 12:5a).
2. The unblemished lamb represented our Lord Jesus Christ’s perfect sinless humanity (Heb. 9:14; 1 Pet.
1:18-19).
C. Exodus 12:6:
1. The lamb was to be sacrificed on the 14th day of the month of Nisan at twilight (Ex. 12:6).
2. The Lord Jesus Christ fulfilled this completely when He died on the fourteenth of Nisan, 30 A. D.
D. Exodus 12:7:
1. The some of the blood was to be put on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the house.
2. The blood on the doorposts and lintel protected the household from God killing the first-born in the family.
3. It represents Christ’s redemptive work protecting the believer from the judgement of God which will come
upon all those who will not believe in Christ.
E. Exodus 12:8:
1. The flesh they were to eat that night, roasted with fire, and it was to be eaten with unleavened bread and
bitter herbs.
2. The bitter herbs represented the bitterness of slavery in Egypt.
3. The believer in Christ is no longer a slave in the world but has been set free by Christ to serve Him.
4. The unleavened bread represnts the impeccability of the humanity of Christ who gave Himself for us.
F. Exodus 12:9:
1. It was not to be eaten raw or boiled at all in water.
2. It was not to be eaten raw because it spoke of the judgement of sin in human lives, and this requires
sacrifice and the fire of judgement.
3. It could not be boiled in water because this means that we must trust Christ alone.
G. Exodus 12:10:
1. None of the animal was to be left over until morning.
2. Whatever was left over was to be burned with fire.
3. Everything was about the sacrifice was to be roasted with fire because fire spoke of judgment.
H. Exodus 12:12-13:
1. Egypt represents the world which God will judge during the Tribulational period.
2. The Church Age believer avoids this judgement when he believes in Christ, our Passover here in the
Church Age (1 Cor. 5:7).
I. Exodus 12:14:
1. The Lord commanded Israel to observe the Passover forever.
J. Exodus 12:15:
1. Leaven was not to be found in the house.
2. Leaven is a substance such as yeast that is used to produce fermentation in dough.
3. It produces a gas that lightens dough or batter.
4. Leaven in the word of God speaks of evil (1 Cor. 5:6b-8; Gal. 5:9).
5. Evil is anything that denies the grace of God such as legalism.
6. The person with leaven in their house represented someone who adds works to salvation, and therefore,
tramples on the Work of Christ and refuses the grace of God.
7. Grace is God’s unmerited favor towards man.
8. It is extended to us based upon His justice being satisfied at the cross by Christ’s spiritual death.
K. Exodus 12:16:
1. The assembling of the people on the first and seventh day of the month was significant in that it spoke of
our Lord’s resurrection from the dead on the first day of the week.
L. Exodus 12:17-21:
1. The Lord commanded Israel to observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Ex. 12:17-21).
2. The Lord’s supper was instituted during the Feast of Unleavened Bread when the Passover lamb was to be
sacrificed (Mark 14:12; Luke 22:7).
3. The house where the Passover was to be kept had to be prepared (Luke 22:8).
4. The preparation of the house meant making sure that there was no leaven in the house and that it was clean
and steralized.
5. Leaven in the Bible represents evil (Matt. 16:6; Gal. 5:9; 1 Cor. 5:7-8).
6. Leaven is yeast used to make bread rise and is found in bread, cakes and cookies.
7. All leaven was to be burned in the fire which spoke of God’s judgement of all evil.
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8. Passover was to be a joyful time for Israel because it brought to remembrance the Lord’s delivering her out
of the bondage of Egypt.
9. In the same way, the Church Age believer should be joyful in observing the Lord’s Supper since it brought
to remembrance His eternal sacrifice on the cross of Calvary two thousand years ago.
M. Exodus 12:22-23:
1. There would be death for the household without the blood on the doorposts and the lintel.
2. If there was no blood on the doorposts, the first-born child of the family would be slain by the destroyer
sent by the Lord.
3. The blood on the doorposts signified faith in the future sacrifice of Christ on the cross when He would die
spiritually for the sins of the whole world.
4. This event was to be observed in Israel forever as commanded by the Lord.
5. The story of the Passover was to be told by the parents in Israel to their children.
6. The Passover was to be observe when they arrived in the Land of Canaan which God had promised them.
7. It was to bring into remembrance all that the Lord had done for the children of Israel when He brought
them out of the slavery of Egypt and to Pharoah.
VII. Passover in the Orthodox Jewish Home
A. Preparation for the Passover:
1. The Passover takes quite a bit of preparation.
2. Our Lord told His disciples to prepare the Passover meal on the night He was to be betrayed (Matt.
26:17-20).
B. No leaven in the house:
1. The house must be free of all leaven in order for the Passover to take place there.
2. Leaven represents sin and evil in the Bible (Gal. 5:9; Matt. 16:6; 1 Cor. 5:7-8).
3. Leaven is yeast used to make bread rise.
4. The Jews had to get rid of all leaven in their homes.
5. There could be no yeast and the leaven was to be burnt with fire which represents the judgement of sin.
6. 1 Cor. 5:7 speaks of cleaning out the “old leaven” which refers to the principle of rebound.
7. We are to celebrate the Lord’s Supper with sincerity and truth which means the Filling of the Spirit.
C. Special White Linen Cloths:
1. White linen is symbolic of perfect righteousness in the Bible (Rev. 1:14; 3:5; 19:7-8).
2. The Jewish home followed precisely corrrect procedure.
3. The table is set with a white tablecloth and white candles and the father of the house wears a white robe
called a kittel and a white crown.
4. The father is to symbolize the high priest in the tabernacle who wore a pure white robe.
5. It also specifically refers to the Lord Jesus Christ in His glorified resurrection body (Matt. 17:2).
6. There are also white dishes used which were not used throughout the rest of the year.
7. The white linen, plates and candles are used to create an atmousphere of purity.
8. Once the table is set and the father is ready, the candles are lit as the preparation continues.
9. The woman is to light the candles.
10. Woman do very little in Judaism, therefore, this is very significant.
11. A woman lights the candles because it was a woman who brought us Christ, the light of the world.
12. God chose a woman, Mary, to bring us Christ our passover, therefore a woman still brings the light to the
passover celebration.
13. The woman lights the candle and sings, “blessed art Thou O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who has
exalted us among all people and bade us to kindle the passover lights.”
D. The 4 Cups of Wine:
1. Four cups of wine will be drunk as part of the passover ceremony.
2. The cups were to be filled by one of the servants representing mastery and freedom.
E. 1st Cup:
1. The 1st cup is called the cup of sanctification which means it sancifies the table and all of the preparations.
2. The drinking of the 1st cup symbolizes approval and gives the blessing for the Passover to begin.
3. After the 1st cup, the father takes 3 loaves of the unleavened bread and places them in a special white
linen envelope which has 3 compartments.
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4. The father in a special ceremony removes the middle loaf from its compartment and breaks it and then
wraps it in a separate piece of white linen and hides it away or buries it somewhere.
5. Questions:
a. The youngest member of the family who can read then asks his father 4 general questions about the
story of the Exodus.
b. 1st question: Why is the night different from all other nights? On this night we eat only unleavened
bread.
c. Answer: Unleavened bread symbolizes purity from sin.
d. 2nd question: On all other nights we may eat of any kind of herbs, but on this night only bitter herbs.
Why?
e. Answer: The bitter herbs remind the Jews of the bitterness of slavery in Egypt.
f. 3rd question: On all other nights we do not dip in the bowl, but tonight we dip twice. Why?
g. Answer: The 1st dip represents Israel going into the Red Sea and coming out unharmed. The 2nd dip
is for the Egyptian army who tried to follow them, the parsley is dipped and then immediately.
h. Our Lord dipped in the bowl to identify His betrayer, Judas Isacriot, “the one who dips with me shall
betray Me.”
i. 4th question: On this night we all recline in our chairs at the table. Why?
j. Answer: The Jews are no longer slaves and can now relax.
6. Food is eaten and the story told:
a. As the story is told the ceremonial foods on the center plate are eaten.
b. As the father is telling about the bitterness of slavery, he serves each person horseradish from the
center plate and they take the bread and take a bite of horseradish.
c. This brings tears and pain to their eyes.
d. Then he pauses as they dip the parsley in the salt water.
e. As he talks about the lamb, he gestures to the unbroken shank bone of the lamb which is on the plate.
f. Then there is the harosis which was like a past made thick to symbolize the clay or mortar that Pharoah
made them make as slaves in Egypt.
g. It was made of figs, dates, nuts and was to symbolize the sweetness or the pleasures of sin in the
world (Heb. 11:25).
F. 2nd Cup:
1. The 2nd cup is spilled into the individual plates in front of each person, a drop at a time.
2. Each drop remembers a plague that God brought upon Egypt and the implacable Pharoah who hardened his
heart.
3. The 10 drops fall into the empty white plate in front of each person.
4. They are rerpesentative of the 10 great plagues in Egypt.
5. As the drops are spilled into the plates, the father chants the name of each plague, blood, frogs, gnats
insects, boils, locust, darkness, death, etc.
G. 3rd Cup:
1. The 3rd cup is the cup of redemption.
2. After this they would eat the meal and after the meal was through, the father of the house would now go
and get the piece of bread which he hid and a new cup of unfermented wine.
3. This is communion as we know it here in the Church Age.
4. The buried loaf of unleavened bread is brought forth, which will be the desert to the meal.
5. The desert (afikomin) means “the arrival” and represents the Lord Jesus Christ as the bread of life.
6. The buried unleavened bread, the middle piece, is then eaten with the 3rd cup of wine.
7. This is where we get “communion” or the Lord’s supper.
8. Loaves:
a. The 3 loaves represent the Trinity.
b. The middle one represents God the Son.
c. God the Son was broken for our sins and it was His body which was broken for you.
d. The bread was wrapped in white linen and buried, as was the body of Jesus.
e. It was brought forth from the ground with the cup of redemption.
f. The bread was the desert is the last thing eaten because it represents the fact that once someone
partakes of the bread of life, they will be sustained forever (John 6:35).
g. In the ceremony, the father breaks off pieces from the loaf (the size of an olive) and passes the pieces
around the table.
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h. Each person eats his piece and drinks the 3rd cup with it.
i. Blessings are pronounced over the bread and wine individually which mean something to us in the
Lord’s supper.
j. When we celebrate the Lord’s supper, we are actually taking a part out of the Jewish Passover and
celebrating it today.
k. When the Jews celebrate Passover, they are actually celebrating a part of the Lord’s supper.
l. This is the part of the Passover in which the Lord took the bread and the cup and instituted what we
call “communion. (Matt. 26:26).
m. When the Bible says that our Lord “blessed,” the Jews know what He said, but Christians do not.
n. He said a prayer which goes like this, “Blessed art Thou O Lord our God, King of the universe who
brings forth bread from the earth.”
o. Our Lord picked the bread from the floor, representing the earth, and said, “This is my body.”
p. This was a prophecy, the bread from the earth represented the Lord’s resurrection as the bread of life
(John 6:35; 12:24).
9. The Passover meal and our Lord:
a. Our Lord was born in Bethlehem which means “house of bread.”
b. He was buried on the 2nd feast which was the feast of unleavened bread.
c. The unleavened bread represented His impeccability as the God-Man.
10. The Matzoh bread and our Lord’s body:
a. The matzoh bread reprents many things concerning our Lord’s body.
b. It had stripes (Isa. 53:5)
c. The bread was pierced through with holes (Zech. 12:10).
d. The bread contain no leaven and was pure which represents our Lord’s body having no sin in
Him.
11. The 3rd Cup and our Lord:
a. The wine is identified as His blood (Matt. 26:27-28).
b. When our Lord gave thanks for the wine, He said, “Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the
universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.”
c. Our Lord was thanking His Father for bringing Him His future bride which is you and I, the Church.
12. Marriage custom of the Jews in our Lord’s day:
a. The bridegroom would have to approach his chosen bride with a contract, a covenant of marriage,
which they would both sign.
b. There was money involved and the groom would have to pay the father of the bride a certain amount
of money to marry his daughter.
c. At the signing of the contract, the groom would drink a toast with the bride, and the cup of wine
sealed the covenant.
d. If the woman did not accept the wine it signified her rejection of the offer.
e. If she accepted the wine the groom would leave and he would tell the bride “I go to prepare a place for
you,” and he would return to his father’s house, as our Lord said the night He made a covenant to
marry His future bride (John 14:2).
f. At His father’s house, he would build a bridal chamber where the couple would eventually have their
honeymoon.
g. The bride waited at home until her bridegroom would come for her.
h. She would be consecrated, set apart, and she would wear a veil whenever she went out, signifying
that she was waiting for her right man to come back.
i. Our veil is our faith.
j. She was loyal and faithful because her groom paid a great price for her just as our Lord paid a great
price for us (1 Cor. 6:20).
k. At home she would keep an oil lamp and plenty of oil standing by, because her groom might come at
midnight and she had to be ready to travel.
l. The idea was that the groom would try and surprise the bride by coming at an unexpected hour.
m. The groom would build the bridal chamber as fast as he could but he had to get his father’s approval on
the bridal chamber.
n. He would take the father’s advice about the price to be paid for the bride, the building of the bridal
chamber, and the best time to go to the bride.
o. Only the Father knew when the wedding day was to take place (Matt. 24:36).
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p. On the wedding day, the groom would slip over to the bride’s house and steal her away.
q. There were rules to this though:
(1) He couldn’t rush in and grab her without a warning.
(2) There had to be a shout from someone in the groom’s party telling the bride that the groom was
coming (1 Thess. 4:16-17).
(3) the Lord Jesus Christ is a Jewish bridegroom who will come for His Bride, the Church.
(4) He approached us with a new contract called the New Covenant which says “I will be merciful to
their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more” (Heb.8:12).
r. When our Lord took the 3rd cup with the bread, He was toasting His Bride, us.
s. the Lord Jesus Christ blessed the fruit of the vine which is the Church.
H. 4th Cup:
1. Our Lord didn’t drink the 4th cup, which is called the cup of praise or Elijah’s cup.
2. There was an empty chair left at the table throughout the Passover meal and a wine goblet.
3. Elijah is expected to enter on some Passover night to take his seat, drink his cup, and say that the Messiah
is coming.
4. The Lord and His disciples didn’t drink this cup because the Messiah was already there.
5. The 3rd cup was the last cup that the Lord would drink (Matt. 26:29).
VIII. Literal Fulfillment in the Person and Work of Christ
A. The Passover was literally fulfilled by the unique Person and Finished Work on the Cross of Calvary of our
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ (1 Co. 5:7).
B. The bread brings into remembrance the unique impeccable Person of our Lord.
C. The Lord Jesus Christ is undiminished deity and impeccable humanity in 1 Person forever.
D. During His 1st Advent, in His impeccable humanity He voluntarily denied Himself of the independent function
of His divine attributes in order to serve both the Father and all mankind at the cross.
E. His voluntary substitutionary spiritual death on the cross by His impeccable humanity was the ransom price for
all of humanity.
F. The wine represents the blood of Christ which brings into remembrance the finished work of Christ on the
Cross.
G. The phrase “the blood of Christ” depicts the saving work of Christ on the Cross.
H. It does not mean his literal blood but refers to His substitutionary spiritual death on the Cross which was the
payment for our sins (1 Pet. 1:18-19; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:20; Heb. 10:19; 13:20; 1 Pet. 1:2).
I. The finished work of Christ refers to the doctrines of :
1. Redemption
2. Reconciliation
3. Propitiation
J. The work of our Lord is finished because there is nothing that can be added to it (John 19:30).
K. The doctrine of Redemption states that the Lord Jesus Christ purchased the entire human race out of the slave
market of sin with His substitutionary spiritual death.
L. The Lord Jesus Christ is the 1 and only Redeemer of mankind and the only sacrifice that God will accept (Matt.
20:28; Mark 10:45; 1 Tim. 2:6).
M. He is the only one qualified to be mankind’s Redeemer due to the fact that He is impeccable (1 Pet. 1:19).
N. Only a “free” man can set a slave free and that is what our Lord was because He was totally free and
independent of sin (John 8:36; Gal. 4:4-7).
O. The Lord Jesus Christ is mankind’s Kinsman-Redeemer which is someone who is related to the one who is
being redeemed and must be able to afford the ransom price and thus fulfill its righteous demands.
P. The Lord Jesus was true humanity and was able to afford the ransom price which was His spiritual death.
Q. Redemption is totally the work of God and excludes all human works.
R. Redemption becomes a reality for a person when they exercise personal faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.
S. Results of Redemption:
1. Forgivness of sins (Isa. 44:22; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14; Heb. 9:12-15)
2. Basis of justification (Rom. 3:24)
3. Basis of sanctification (Eph. 5:25-27)
4. Basis for eternal inheritance for believer (Heb. 9:15)
5. Basis for strategic victory of Christ in the Angelic Conflict (Col. 2:14-15; Heb. 2:14-15).
.2002 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries 8
.2002 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries 9
6. Redemption of the soul in salvation leads to redemption of the body in resurrection (Eph. 1:14).
7. Redemption of the body is the ultimate status of the Royal Family of God forever (Rom. 8:23; Eph. 4:30).