Doctrine of Mystery Doctrine of the N/T

July 23, 2010


1. The Greek word is mustārion:

A. The word refers to a group secret which is not to be revealed except to those initiated into the group.

B. It was used in connection with ancient cults, religions, philosophies and even in secular life to indicate secrets unknown to others.

C. In the New Testament, God the Holy Spirit uses the word in 2 ways.

1. In general: reference to some bit of information that is unknown and needs to be revealed. 4 times
Rev. 1:20; 17:5, 7; 1 Cor. 14:2

2. Technical: 24 times
Refers to the plan of God as it is administered from the incarnation of Messiah all the way through the kingdom with special emphasis on the Church age.

2. The mystery was unknown in previous ages. Rom. 16:25-26

Verse 25

A. To him who is able: dunamai (pr. m. part) keeps on having ability

B. to establish you: stāridzö (aorist active infinitive) set up, establish, support, confirm.
Refers to spiritual security for the believer. A permanent salvation status

C. According to: kata indicates that the basis for having spiritual security is the policy of God

1. My gospel: personal impact of Divine revelation on Paul.
2. and: kai, even the proclamation (karugma) of Jesus Christ
3 factors:1 Cor. 15:3-5: Person, work, resurrection.

D. According to: kata – the basis for the proclamation of the Gospel message is the Revelation of the mystery

1. The mystery truth determines the content of the Gospel.
2. The revelation of the mystery: apokalupsis provided through –

a. incarnation, death and resurrection – 1 Tim. 3:16
b. provision of spiritual gifts: Col. 1:20; Eph. 4:11-12

E. Which has been kept secret: concealed – sigaö (perf. p. part.)

F. in ages past:

1. kairos – locative plural – in times or time periods
2. aionios – locative plural – adj. – past (or perpetual)
3. Eph. 3:5; Col. 1:26

G. What has been concealed are details of the Divine plan.

The outline had been taught extensively in the Old Testament although often in parabolic language.
Gen. 3:15; 12:3; 49:8-12; Deut. 32:21;
Is. 7:14; 9:1-7; 11:1-5; 28:9-13; 65:1-16; 52:13–53.12;
Psalm 110:1; 118:22-29

H. Mt. 13:11-17

I. 1 Pet. 1:10-12

J. Also kept from the angelic creation, both elect and fallen. 1 Pet. 1:12; 1 Cor. 2:7

Verse 26

A. But now is made manifest: phaneroö (aorist passive part.)
made visible. Ie, taught clearly without parabolic language.

B. And by the scriptures of the prophets —

1. Dia + the genitive of graphö = through the writings
2. Genitive plural adj. – prophātikos = prophetic.

3. Thus through the prophetic writings which is a reference to the mention of Mystery truth in the Old Testament in outline and parabolic form.

4. The Holy Spirit interprets the old in the new.

a. Deut. 32:21 is quoted in Rom. 10:19
b. Is. 28:11 is quoted in 1 Cor. 14:21
c. Is. 65:1 is quoted in Rom. 10:21
d. Is. 53:4 is quoted in Mt. 8:17
e. Is. 53:9 is quoted in 1 Pet. 2:22
f. Is. 7:14 is quoted in Mt. 1:23
g. Is. 9:1-2 is quoted in Mt. 4:14-16
h. Is. 61:1-2 is quoted in Lk. 4:14-21
i. Ps. 110:1 is quoted in Heb. 1:13
j. Ps. 118:22 is quoted in Mt. 21:42 ff

C. According to: kata

1. The commandment: epitagā – Divine sovereignty determines when to initiate the various phases of his plan. Gal. 4:4
2. Of the Eternal God: tou aiöniou theou (aiönios + theos)

D. has been made known: gnöridzö (aorist passive part.) The point of time of new testament revelation.

E. To all the nations: universal proclamation – pas ethnos Col. 1:6, 23; Acts 17:6

F. Leading to: eis, indicates the result of the Gospel proclamation.

G. Obedience of faith, hupakoā pistis

1. Faith is the thinking system that denies all aspects of human logic and emotion.
2. obedience indicates the object of faith obedience to the Gospel
3. Rom. 1:5 cf. 2 Thes. 1:8

3. Paul’s summary of the Mystery in Eph. 3:1-11:

4. The outline of the mystery

A. Col. 2:2, The Mystery is Christ.
B. 1 Tim. 3:16, The mystery of godliness (eusebeia)

1. Eusebeia means, good worship and refers to the proper manner of worship. Here the emphasis is on the proper “object” of worship based on the revelation of God’s plan in and through the Messiah.

2. The mystery of worship is that the function of worship is now equally bestowed on the Father and on the incarnated Messiah. Equal honor: John 5:23

3. The mystery of worship then centers around the plan of God as revealed through the incarnation of The Word.

a. He who was revealed: phaneroö, aorist passive indicative.
b. In the flesh: John 1:14; Philip. 2:6-8

4. His ministry:

a. Vindicated: dikaioö, aorist passive indicative demonstrated as righteous
b. By the Spirit: Sustaining ministry of the Holy Spirit. Isaiah 11:1-2; 42:1-4; Mat. 12:15-21
c. John 8:29; Mat. 17:5; 1 Pet. 2:22

5. Angelic observation:

a. Seen: horao, Aorist passive indicative
b. By angels: angelos, plural

At His birth: Luke 2:13
At His temptation: Mat. 4:1-11
At His crucifixion: Mat. 26:53
At His resurrection: Mat. 28:2; John 20:12
At His ascension: Acts 1:10-11

6. Proclaimed as the Savior:

a. kārussö, aorist passive indicative
b. Among the nations: Rom. 16:26; Col. 1:6, 23; Acts 17:6 (1:8).

7. Believed: embraced as the Savior.

a. pisteuö, aorist passive indicative
b. In the world: kosmos
c. John 1:10-13

8. Ascension/session: Acts 1:9; Eph. 4:8
Present status: Heb. 1:3, 13; 10:12-13 ; Col. 3:1

9. These 6 factors then are the basis for worshiping God as Christians in a way that is acceptable to him.

C. Israel’s replacement:
Deut. 32:21; Is. 65:1-16; Mat. 21:33-46; 23:38; Romans 11:25-32; Parables, Mat. 13

D. Building of a new body: Eph. 3:6; Mt. 21:43

1. Positional relationship: Eph. 5:22-32
2. Function: Eph. 3:10; 1 Pet. 2:9
3. Rapture: 1 Cor. 15:51-57

E. Intensification of the angelic conflict:

1. The mystery of lawlessness: 2 Thes. 2:7
2. The ruler of this world: John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11
3. Principle of intensification: Rev. 12:9
4. The god of this world: 2 Cor. 4:4; 11:13-15
5. The present evil age: Gal. 1:4; Philip. 2:15; Eph. 5:16

F. The mystery is Christ: Col. 2:2
(The “wealth” of the mystery, is Christ in you, Col. 1:26-27)

1. Positional: how the body is built “in that day” of Jn. 14:16-20
1 Cor. 12:13; Eph. 2:20-21; Isaiah 28:17a

2. Experiential: the new body built up – edified.
Gal. 4:19; 2 Cor. 3:18; Eph. 4:13; 3:16-17; 2:22

3. The hope of glory:

a. hope: is elpis which is confidence of our status.
Confidence that what God has promised he will perform.
Phil. 1:6; 1 Thes. 5:24; 1 Cor. 1:9

b. Glory is the promise of the Gospel which is Eternal life – now and future.

c. 2 sources of confidence:

1. The fact of our position and the claims of scripture. Rom. 8:1, 38-39; 1 Jn. 5:11-12

2. The reality of spiritual life experience through growth. Rom. 8:16; 5:3-5; Gal. 5:22-23; 2 Cor. 3:18

5. It is the responsibility of the communicator to give full explanation of all the mystery doctrines.

A. 1 Cor. 4:1
B. 1 Tim. 3:9
C. Col. 1:25, 28-29
D. 2 Tim. 2:2
E. Prayer desired. Eph. 6.19; Col. 4.3

6. Summary:

A. Mystery of His will: Ephesians 1:9

Resolution of the angelic conflict through summing up all things in Christ.

B. Mystery of Christ: Ephesians 3:4; Col. 4:3

The positional union of Jew and Gentile in ONE body IN CHRIST.

C. Mystery of the gospel: Ephesians 6:19

The placement of Jew and Gentile in ONE body IN CHRIST.

D. Mystery of God: Col. 2:2;

Spiritual life reality as experienced in and through Christ.

E. Mystery of God: Rev. 10:7

The final 7 years of Israel’s history prior to Messiah’s kingdom.

F. Mysteries of God: 1 Cor. 4:1

The many facets of “new” dispensation truth based on the arrival and success of the Messiah-Savior.

G. Mystery of the faith: 1 Tim. 3:9

Probably still focusing on the union of all believers in ONE body.

H. Mystery of godliness: 1 Timothy 3:16

New worship policies based on Messiah’s success.

I. Mystery of the 7 stars: Revelation 1:20

The progress of the church until the Day of the Lord.

J. Mystery of the woman: Rev. 17:7

Babylonian evil as perpetuated throughout human history.

K. Mysteries of the kingdom of God: Luke 8:10; Mark 4:11

God’s strategies for the advance of LIGHT in the kingdom of darkness.

L. Mysteries of the kingdom of heaven: Mat. 13:11

Same as the mysteries of the kingdom of God.

M. Mystery of the rapture: 1 Cor. 15:51

Removal of living believers from the earth at the Day of the Lord.

N. Mystery of blindness on Israel: Romans 11:25

Israel’s replacement by the church until the Day of the Lord.

O. Mystery of Christ and His church: Ephesians 5:32

Position in Christ, in one body of perfect equality.

P. Mystery of lawlessness: 2 Thes. 2:7

Advance of Satanic evil as expressed through mankind.