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Doctrine of Mosaic Law

July 23, 2010

Doctrine of MOSAIC LAW

1.    The whole of the Mosaic Law is given in the Pentateuch (first five books of the Old Testament).  The addendum to the Law is found in Deuteronomy 29.

2.    The three sections of the Mosaic Law:

A.    Moral Code–Commandments.  Also known as the Decalogue (Exodus 20:1-17).  A delineation of human freedom which serves as the basis for the Divine Institutions and the Laws of Divine Establishment.

Two key terms defined:

1)    Divine Establishment, Laws of:  Principles established by God for the protection, orderly function, survival and perpetuation of the human race inside the spiritual battle of the angelic conflict.

2)    Divine Institutions:  Laws, practices, or systems set up by God under the Laws of Divine Establishment for the perpetuation of the human race.

a.    Volition (free will- basis of freedom).

b.    Marriage (stabilizer of the human race); which, under the principle of monogamy (one man and one woman), protects the marital partners from the mass confusion and resultant problems created by bigamy, polygamy, “partner swapping” and sexually transmitted diseases.

c.    Family (basis for an orderly society and the institution used by God to teach children the principle of humility through submission to the authority of the parents).

d.    Nationalism or patriotism (basis for protection of rights, privacy and freedom).

B.    Spiritual Code–Ordinances.  This is a complete shadow Christology and Soteriology.

Hebrews 10:1
1    For the Law, since it has {only} a shadow of the good things to come {and} not the very form of things, can never by the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, make perfect those who draw near.  (NAS)

It includes the Tabernacle, Holy Days, Levitical Offerings, and the dress and modus operandi of the Levitical Priesthood.

C.    Social Code–Judgments.  Presents the Laws of Divine Establishment designed to provide freedom and privacy for the human race during the course of the angelic conflict.  Includes the function of the Divine Institutions, plus laws concerning diet, sanitation, quarantine, soil conservation, taxation, military service, marriage, divorce, etc.  Punishments for non-observance were stated.

3.    Recipients of the Mosaic Law:

A.    Given to Israel only.

Exodus 19:3
3    And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob and tell the sons of Israel:  (NAS)

Leviticus 26:46
46    These are the statutes and ordinances and laws which the LORD established between Himself and the sons of Israel through Moses at Mount Sinai.  (NAS)

Romans 9:3-4
3    For I could wish that I myself were accursed, {separated} from Christ for the sake of my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh,
4    who are Israelites, to whom belongs the adoption as sons and the glory and the covenants and the giving of the Law and the {temple} service and the promises,  (NAS)

B.    The Law was never given to the Gentiles.

Deuteronomy 4:8
8    “Or what great nation is there that has statutes and judgments as righteous as this whole law which I am setting before you today?
(NAS)

Romans 2:14
14    For when Gentiles who do not have the Law do instinctively the things of the Law, these, not having the Law, are a law to themselves,  (NAS)

4.    Christ’s fulfillment of the Law.

Matthew 5:17
17    “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill.  (NAS)

A.    He fulfilled Codex I by living a perfect life (His impeccability) on earth during the Incarnation.

B.    He fulfilled Codex II by His death, burial, resurrection, ascension and session.

C.    He fulfilled Codex III by His patriotism and observance of the Laws of Divine Establishment.

5.    The Church in relation to the Law.

A.    The Church is specifically NOT under the Law.

John 1:17
17    For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ.  (NAS)

Galatians 2:16
16    nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we may be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law shall no flesh be justified.
(NAS)

Galatians 3:22-25
22    But the Scripture has shut up all men under sin, that the promise [salvation] by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.
23    But before faith [the faith; with the definite article, identifies this with the saving faith of v.22] came, we [Jews] were kept in custody [constantly guarded] under the law, being shut up [with a view] to the faith which was later [after the resurrection of Christ] to be revealed.
24    Therefore the Law has become our tutor [pedagogue: child-disciplinarian and guardian] {to lead us} to Christ, that we may be justified by faith.
25    But now that faith [in the resurrected Christ] has come, we are no longer under a tutor.[the Mosaic Law]  (Expanded Translation)

Paul is contrasting the exercise of the Church Age believers’ faith with that of Abraham and the Old Testament Israelites who were under the Law.

The character of faith has remained consistent, the difference will be found in that our faith in the Age of Grace looks back to an accomplished salvation at the Cross whereas the faith of Abraham and the Old Testament saints looked forward to the accomplishment of that salvation at Calvary.  The former is faith in an historic Christ, the latter was faith in a prophetic Christ.

Faith itself did not begin to be exercised on the occasion of the cross or the resurrection.  Faith has been the appointed means of obtaining the salvation of God since Adam’s time on down.  It is the object that provides us with a different type of faith.  The ritual has now become a reality, the shadow of the Mosaic Law has found its fulfillment in the person and work of Christ on the Cross.

These Old Testament believers were saved by the blood of Christ (His spiritual death) just as surely and just as eternally as believers since the Cross.  When faith in the reality came, that is, faith in the Christ of history rather than in the Christ of prophecy, the Law was abrogated.

Romans 7:2-6
2    For the married woman [living under the Mosaic Law] is bound by law [analogous to the Mosaic Law] to her husband while he is living [she is not free to divorce him]; but if her husband dies, she is released from the law [freed from it’s obligations] concerning the [now deceased] husband.
3    So then if, while her [first] husband is living, she is joined [married] to another man, she shall be called an adulteress [because she is married to another man while her first husband is still alive]; but if her [first] husband dies, she is free from the law [that portion of the Mosaic Law which states that she must remain married to her husband until he dies], so that she is not an adulteress, though she is joined [married] to another man.[after her first husband dies]
4    Therefore, my brethren [Church Age believers functioning under grace, not law], you also were made to die to the [Mosaic] Law through [the agency of] the body of Christ [at the moment of salvation], that you might be joined [spiritually] to another [through the baptism by the Holy Spirit], to Him [Jesus Christ] who was raised [resurrected] from the dead, that we might bear [spiritual] fruit for God.[the Father, the Author of the plan]
5    For while we were in [operating under the influence of] the flesh [old sin nature], the sinful passions, which were {aroused} by the Law, were at work in the members of our [physical] body to bear fruit for [that was compatible with] death.[our condition of spiritual death]
6    But now [that we are saved] we [Church Age believers] have been released from the [Mosaic] Law, having died [through the baptism by the Holy Spirit] to that [the Mosaic Law] by which we [Jewish Church Age believers] were bound, so that we serve in newness of the [Holy] Spirit [walking by the Spirit as the means of executing God’s Protocol Plan during the Church Age] and not in oldness [from the root palaioj- which means old; in existence for a long time, often with the connotation of being antiquated, outworn or obsolete] of the letter.  (Expanded Translation)

Note:  This passage teaches a truth by analogy.

Truth:  The Christian is not obligated to be obedient to the Mosaic Law, in whole or in part.

Analogy:  As a wife is free to marry a second husband after her first husband dies, any member of the human race is free to marry Jesus Christ as a second husband because the Mosaic Law, as the first husband, died the moment Christ died on the Cross.

Principle:  It is most unreasonable to propose that a woman should try to be obligated to two husbands at the same time; yet this is the divine illustration of the error which occurs when the teachings of law and the teachings of grace are commingled together.

Principle:  The teachings of grace are particularly characterized by the fact that they are to be accomplished by the enabling power of the Spirit.  The Christian is not to live and serve in “the oldness of the letter” which is the Mosaic Law!

Note:  This passage positively indicates that the contrasting principles of law and grace cannot coexist as rules of conduct, for not only are they diametrically opposed but they are mutually exclusive of one another.

Galatians 5:18
18    But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law.  (NAS)

Ephesians 2:15
15    by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, {which is} the Law of commandments {contained} in ordinances [Mosaic Law], that in Himself He [Jesus Christ] might make the two [Jew and Gentile] into one new man, {thus} establishing peace,  (Expanded Translation)

Conclusion:  The Law is not the Christian way of life.

B.    Christ is the end of the Law for believers.

Romans 10:4
4    For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.  (NAS)

C.    Believers in the Church Age are under the higher law of spirituality.

Romans 8:2-4
2    For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death.
3    For what the [Mosaic] Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh [no divine enablement was ever provided], God {did:} sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and {as an offering} for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh,
4    in order that the requirement of the Law [experiential righteousness] might be fulfilled [through the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit] in us [Church Age believers], who do not walk according to the flesh [sinful nature], but according to the Spirit.  (Expanded Translation)

6.    The limitations of the Mosaic Law:

A.    Cannot justify.

Romans 3:20, 27-28
20    because by the works of the [Mosaic] Law no flesh [member of the human race] will be justified in His [God’s] sight; for through the Law {comes} the knowledge of sin.

27    Where then is boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? [a law] Of works? No, but by a law of faith.
28    For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law.  (NAS)

Philippians 3:9
9    and may be found in Him [Christ], not having a righteousness of my own [-R= self righteousness] derived from {the} [Mosaic] Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the [imputed] righteousness which {comes} from God on the basis of faith,  (Expanded Translation)

B.    Cannot give eternal life.

Galatians 3:21
21    Is the Law then contrary to the promises of God? May it never be! For if [2nd class condition:  not true] a law had been given [and it has not] which was able to impart [eternal] life, then righteousness [the righteousness of God which is given at salvation] would indeed have been based on law.  (Expanded Translation)

C.    Cannot provide the Holy Spirit.

Galatians 3:2
2    This is the only thing I want to find out from you: did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law [rhetorical question, the answer is NO], or by hearing [the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ] with faith [acceptance of the message by faith for salvation]?  (Expanded Translation)

D.    Cannot solve the problem of the old sin nature.  (See Operation K.R.Y.– Romans 6:6-13)

7.    The historical purpose of the Law.

A.    Codex I:  to convince by divine standard that the unbeliever is a sinner and needs a Savior.

B.    Codex II:  to communicate God’s grace in both salvation and confession & forgiveness of post-salvation sins.

C.    Codex III:  to provide Israel’s national function and freedom under the Laws of Divine Establishment.  To preserve the nation of Israel under the principle of Divine Institution Number Four.

D.    Therefore, keeping the Law was not the way of salvation but the way of human freedom and prosperity for Israel under the establishment principles.

8.    The designation of the Mosaic Law as the “Book of the Covenant”.

Exodus 24:7-8
7    Then he took the book of the covenant and read {it} in the hearing of the people; and they said, “All that the LORD has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient!”
8    So Moses took the blood and sprinkled {it} on the people, and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words.”  (NAS)

A.    This Book of the Covenant is the subject of Jeremiah 11, but is not to be confused with the New Covenant of:

Jeremiah 31:31-33
31    “Behold, days are coming [in the future],” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah [in the Millennium],
32    not like the covenant [the Mosaic Law] which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant [the Mosaic Law] which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the LORD.
33    “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days [a reference to the Tribulation],” declares the LORD, “I will put My law within them, and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.  (NAS)

B.    National disintegration results when the Covenant is broken.  The prophecy of breaking the Covenant is found in:

Deuteronomy 31:16, 20
16    And the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, you are about to lie down with your fathers; and this people will arise and play the harlot with the strange gods of the land, into the midst of which they are going, and will forsake Me and break My covenant which I have made with them.

20    “For when I bring them into the land flowing with milk and honey, which I swore to their fathers, and they have eaten and are satisfied and become prosperous, then they will turn to other gods and serve them, and spurn Me and break My covenant.  (NAS)

Jeremiah 22:8-9
8    “And many nations will pass by this city; and they will say to one another, `Why has the LORD done thus to this great city?’
9    “Then they will answer, `Because they forsook the covenant of the LORD their God and bowed down to other gods and served them.'”
(NAS)