essay: Hell, Hades, Sheol

January 12, 2016

The Five Compartments of Sheol or Hades.
1. Paradise (Abraham’s Bosom) is where the Old Testament believers resided after death before the resurrection of our Lord. Empty since the resurrection of Christ.

2. Torments is where all unbelievers reside, Lk 16:23. All unbelievers who await the Great White Throne Judgment then are cast into the lake of fire. It is a place of fire. Unbelievers resurrected from here in the second resurrection.

3. Tartarus The prison for the fallen angels of Gen 6, 1 Pet 3 and Jude 6. Is where certain fallen angels, called BENI HA ELOHIM (sons of god) reside.

4. The Abyss Criminal demons are held here until the middle of the Tribulation. Abaddon, the toughest of all fallen angels next to Satan, is here.
a. The Abyss is the location of the demon king, Satan’s right hand man, called Abaddon. He will have quite a future in the Tribulation. Abaddon is mentioned once in the New Testament and nine times in the Old Testament. In Rev 9, he breaks out of this jail with the help of Satan who has now been cast out of heaven and can never return there again.
b. Demons who indwelt a man asked our Lord not to send them to the Abyss.



1. The Hebrew word SHEOL originally meant in post-Biblical Hebrew the deep parts of the sea. But both Sheol and the Greek word Hades are used to refer to anything that is subterranean and large. Therefore, they are used for the vast subterranean place of the departed dead of the human race and the abode of certain fallen angels.
2. Both Sheol and Hades are mistranslated “hell” which adds to the confusion.
3. HADES is used from classical times and before for the underworld and the realm of the dead.
4. Sheol is sometimes used for the grave, as in Gen 37:35, 42:38; 1 Sam 2:6 and other passages.
5. The dying are said to go to Sheol, which is not the grave, but to the under part of the earth. This is a reference to the soul, Num 16:30; Ezek 31:15, 17.
6. Prior to the resurrection of Jesus Christ, all human dead went to Sheol or Hades where two compartments were designed to receive them. Old Testament believers went to Paradise or Abraham’s Bosom. Unbelievers went to Torments.
7. Those who are believers in the Old Testament are said to be delivered into the power of Sheol, Hos 13:14; Ps 49:16.
8. However, since the resurrection of Christ, Old Testament believers have all been transferred to the third heaven as a part of the triumphal procession.