essay: Judgement Seat of Christ / Evaluation Seat / Bema seat

April 15, 2015

Rom 14:12   (see note)
“So, therefore, each one of us shall give an account to God concerning himself.”


2Cor 5:10~~ For we must all {believers}
appear before the judgment/evaluation seat of Christ . . .
for the purpose that each one {individually}
may receive back the things
  {your expression of love}
done through his body . . .
face to face with what he has practiced . . .
whether it be ‘good of intrinsic value’/’divine good’
or excrement.
  {anything under the ‘energy of the flesh – so includes human

{Note: The Greek word for ‘receive back’ was identical to the Hebrew word for when Abram offered Isaac as a sacrifice to God. When God did not take Isaac’s life, Abram ‘received back’ Isaac from God. Our rewards in heaven are a reflection of our expression of love towards God on Earth. When we are filled with the Spirit and filled with Doctrine, we exhale Divine Good and ‘express our love for God’. From God, at the evaluation seat of Christ, we ‘receive back’ as reward all the love we expressed for God on earth (our Divine Good).}

{Note: ‘Agathos’ is the word for Good here. It means good of the highest quality or divine good. The human body in analogy here can not create it – it takes the Mind of Christ {bible doctrine} plus the filling of the Holy Spirit to produce it. ‘Kakos’ is a word for excrement here. Kakos means bad and evil stuff or refuse/excrement/cheap/trivial. RBT uses excrement because in the analogy, the human body can produce this without the help of God – human good and human evil – ‘all your righteousnesses are as filthy rags’ unto the Lord.}

2 Cor 5:10 corrected translation
“For it is necessary that we all must appear before the judicial bench of Christ, in order that each person might be rewarded for the things by means of the body in accordance with what he has done, whether good of intrinsic value or worthless [trivial, thoughtless, indifferent].”


1. “For it is necessary that we all must appear before the judicial bench of Christ,”
a. Paul now explains why it is an honor to be acceptable to our Lord.
b. It is an honor to be acceptable to our Lord because it is necessary that all of us appear before Him and be evaluated.
c. Our evaluation is a necessary part of the plan of God.
d. All Church Age believers will be evaluated by our Lord.
e. This is a formal summons from the Supreme Court Judge to appear before the court. Therefore, it is a command that must and will be obeyed.
f. The judicial bench or judicial seat of Christ is our Lord’s throne at the right hand of the Father.
g. We will not be condemned by Christ, Rom 8:1, “Now, therefore there is no judgment to those who are in Christ Jesus.”
h. We are evaluated by the Lord with regard to what we did with the invisible assets He provided for us.
i. The Judge will pass judgment or evaluation of how well we executed the spiritual life, and we will be rewarded accordingly.
j. This is when we will be rewarded for our production of divine good.
k. This is when we will receive the distribution of the spoils of victory from our Lord’s strategic victory on the Cross.
l. Some will receive fantastic rewards and blessings and others will not.
m. This evaluation occurs immediately following the Rapture or exit-resurrection of the Church and continues during the seven-year period while the Tribulation takes place on the earth.

2. “in order that each person might be rewarded for the things by means of the body in accordance with what he has done,”
a. Every believer is evaluated individually and not as a member of a group.
b. We are all individually accountable to the Lord for how we live our life. We cannot blame anything on anyone else.
c. The purpose of this evaluation is not judgment but blessing.
d. The phrase “by means of the body” refers to what we did while living in our human body.
e. This does not refer to our sins, since our sins were already judged at the Cross.
f. Our sins will not be mentioned at the judicial evaluation of our Lord.
g. But we are evaluated for what we have done. Since our sins are not a part of this evaluation, Paul explains in the next phrase exactly what the criteria of evaluation will be.

3. “whether good of intrinsic value or worthless [trivial, thoughtless, indifferent].”
a. Good of intrinsic value is the divine good we have produced.
b. Divine good includes anything we have done under the filling and control of the Holy Spirit.
c. Those believers, who have produced divine good by the execution of the will of God, will receive the greatest of rewards and blessings for that divine good.
d. Those believers who have lived a worthless spiritual life receive no rewards and blessings at the judicial bench of Christ.
e. What is a worthless spiritual life?
(1) The worthless spiritual life is the life of reversionism, in which the believer fails to ever develop personal love for God and becomes instead the enemy of God.
(2) The worthless spiritual life is the life of perpetual carnality, in which the believer refuses or fails to use the recovery procedure of the spiritual life, 1 Jn 1:9.
(3) The worthless spiritual life is a life focused on the trivial, mundane, common things of this world. The believer gives no thought to God’s word or God’s will and simply lives for the things of this life.
(4) The worthless spiritual life is a life of thoughtlessness. The believer never gives any thought to God, God’s love, God’s will, God’s word, God’s plan, or God’s purpose for their life.
(5) The worthless spiritual life is a life of not learning doctrine.
(6) The worthless spiritual life is a life of no impersonal love for others; therefore, thoughtlessness toward others.
(7) The worthless spiritual life is a life of indifference to God and God’s love. The believer never appreciates who are Lord is or all that He has done for them.
(8) The worthless spiritual life is a life of indifference to the plan, will, and purpose of God for one’s life.
(9) The worthless spiritual life is a life that does nothing to glorify the Lord.
f. However, regardless of how worthless a believer may become in the plan of God, they can never lose their salvation. They will still appear before the judicial bench in resurrection body with eternal life and live with the Lord Jesus Christ in heaven forever. However, they will miss out on all the escrow blessings for eternity.



Rom 14:12
“So, therefore, each one of us shall give an account to God concerning himself.”

Every believer, without exception, will give a verbal testimony (Predictive Future tense)
concerning his activities on earth to God the Father for the purpose of determining
rewards. Only those things done while in fellowship will receive a reward: gold, silver,
precious stones. Those things done outside
of fellowship will be burned: wood, hay and
stubble. Being “in fellowship” means being filled with the Spirit, walking in the sphere of
divine power.


1.  “So, therefore, each one of us
a.  Since all believers will appear at the tribunal-judgment seat of Christ, the implication is that each of us will have to give an account to God concerning ourselves.

d.  Each of us will individually answer to the Lord Jesus Christ for what we did with our spiritual life.
e.  This phrase indicates that importance of individual responsibility in the plan of God.
f.  God holds us accountable as individuals for our actions.

2.  “shall give an account to God concerning himself.”
a.  Each of us will definitely give an account to God concerning ourselves.
b.  The nature of this account is what bothers everyone.  Therefore, let’s clear up a few things.
c.  This accounting will not deal with personal sins.  Our sins were imputed to Jesus Christ on the cross and judged.  We are not held accountable for our sins at the judgment seat of Christ, because Jesus Christ was held accountable for our sins on the cross.
d.  Just as the unbeliever’s sins are not mentioned at the Last Judgment, so also the sins of the believer are not mentioned at the Judgment Seat of Christ.
e.  But we are held accountable for what we did with the spiritual life given to us at salvation.  Jesus Christ will ask you, “What did you do with the spiritual life, the filling of the Spirit, the Bible doctrine, and all the invisible assets I provided for you?”
f.  In other words, we will be evaluated on our obedience to God’s command to “grow in grace and the knowledge of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.”
g.  We will give an account of whether or not we used our spiritual life to learn the word of God, apply the word of God, and obey the will of God.
h.  We will give an account of our spiritual advance, our reciprocal love for God, our willingness to obey God in all things.
i.  We will give an account to Jesus Christ of our personal love for God and impersonal love for mankind.
j.  We will give an account of our personal sense of destiny, our happiness with God’s plan, and our occupation with Christ.
k.  We will give an account as to whether or not we receive the grace of God in vain.
l.  A major accounting will be given with regard to our human good and evil or dead works, which will be burned up as a sign of their uselessness.  1 Cor 3:12-15, “If anyone builds upon the foundation gold, silver, valuable gems, various kinds of woods, grass, straw, the spiritual accomplishment of each person will become visible, for the day reveals [it], because it will be made fully known by means of fire, that is, the fire will test what sort of accomplishment is the accomplishment of each person.  If the work of anyone survives, which he has built, he will receive a reward.  If the work of any person is completely burned up, he will suffer loss, but he himself will be saved, but [he will be saved] in this manner as through fire.”
m.  The Lord will evaluate the motivation of each believer, 1 Cor 4:5, “For this reason, stop criticizing and condemning anything before the end-time until the Lord comes, who will both bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will reveal the motives and decisions of our hearts, and then each person will have recognition from God.”
n.  The Lord will reward each believer who has executed God’s plan during that evaluation, 2 Tim 4:8, “in the future there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day; and not only to me, but also to all who have loved His appearing.”
o.  Gal 6:4-10, “But each one must examine his own action and then he will take pride in himself only and not in his neighbor.  For each person must bear his own burden.  Now the one who is taught doctrine may participate with the one who teaches in the sphere of every intrinsic good.  Stop being deceived, God is never mocked.  For whatever a man sows, this he will also reap.  For he who sows because of his own flesh [OSN] will reap destruction from the flesh [OSN].  But he who sows because of the Spirit will reap eternal life from the Spirit.  But let us not become tired of doing good; for at the right time we will reap, if we do not become discouraged.  So then, while we have time, let us do [divine] good with reference to all men, but especially with reference to the household of faith.”


The purpose of the Bema seat:
Works or deeds, which are performed in time, are the basis for the reward of believers and punishment of unbelievers alike.  Rom.2:6; 2Cor.5:10; 2Tim.4:14; Rev.2:23; 20:12-13
The purpose of the Bema seat is to evaluate the Ph2 production of believers that live in the Church Age and to reward Divine good production in time.  1Cor.3:8,14; Rev.22:12
The judgment and evaluation is not for sins, which were judged in Jesus Christ and will not be an issue per se according to the law of double jeopardy.  1Joh.2:1-2; 1Pet.3:18 cp. Heb.9:26b-28
Sin is only an issue in the fact that time spent out of fellowship by the believer in time voids any possibility for the believer priest to produce Divine good production.
Jesus taught this principle clearly in Joh.15:4.
The standard by which the believer’s works will be evaluated is the standard of sound Bible doctrine.  1Cor.3:10-15
The building analogy recognizes that there is but one true foundation, faith in Christ.  vs.11
The communicator is viewed as a builder that is building up believers.  vs.12 cp. Eph.4:11-13
Two distinct types of materials are possible.  vs.12
Gold silver, precious stones refer to the sound doctrines of the Word of God.  Cp. Rev.3:18
Wood, hay and straw refer to teachings, viewpoints and systems of doctrine that are passed off as solid building material, but in reality are in contrast to the truth.  Cp.Eph.4:14-15
The fire of judgment refers to the evaluation of one’s actions by perfect righteousness.  vs.13
Gold, silver and precious stones are purified by fire making them more valuable, while wood, hay and straw are totally consumed by fire.
That which is left after the conflagration/bonfire will be rewarded with SG3.  vs.14
Those that did not build with the proper materials will be delivered into heaven, but at the expense of loss of reward.  vs.15
Again, Jesus taught this same principle in the allegory of the vine and branches in Joh.15:1ff, esp. vs.6.
Jesus Christ, who is uniquely suited to judge, will be the One that evaluates His people.  Rom.14:9-12; 2Tim.4:8
For this reason, believers are to abstain from evaluating the intent of one another’s works in time and passing a sentence of blanket condemnation on their Ph2.  Mat.7:1; Rom.14:13; 1Cor.4:5
This does not mean that there is no place for critiquing the actions of others, since on the other hand Jesus taught that there is a place for righteous judgment.  Joh.7:24
While the believer can discern that which is construed as being human good, legalism, traditions of men, sin, etc., through the truth of BD, they are to avoid any attitude of judicial condemnation and leave that area to be taken care of between Christ and the other party.  (Judicial condemnation meaning to pass eternal sentencing on other believers as if you are God.)
In our critiquing of other’s actions, even in their failings, we are to put the matter in God’s hands as to their ultimate destiny.
Rather than acting as another’s judge in this regard, the believer is to separate him or herself from reversionist believers and their activities.  Cp.  1Cor.5:1-13; 2Thess.3:6
This evaluation will result in shame for some believers and extreme exhilaration among other believers.  1Joh.2:28; 1Pet.4:13; as applied to 1Cor.3:15
The fact that the Lord will provide a perfect evaluation and the appropriate reward for applications of BD is the basis for exhortations to continue to apply.  Eph.6:7-8; Col.3:23-24; 1Cor.15:58

The time and place of the Bema seat:
The Bema seat will occur immediately following the rapture.  1The.4:17
Jesus Christ states that He is coming quickly and that He has His rewards with Him.  Isa.40:10; Rev.22:12
The awards will be distributed above the battlefield in the second heaven.  1The.4:17
The glorified and rewarded Church will then accompany the Lord back to the 3rd heaven and await the final seven years before returning with Him at the 2nd advent.

“For we must all appear before the Bema seat of Christ, that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.”  2Cor.5:10