Doctrine of Logos

August 2, 2014


A. Definition.
1. In Hellenistic Greek, the word LOGOS meant understanding through language; hence, it came to mean mental activity, thinking, the language of thinking. It also came to mean something explained or taught, something proclaimed, something heard in a common language with other people.
2. Plato and Aristotle used the word LOGOS for metaphysical reality.
3. Most of the Greek lexicons dwell on such meanings of LOGOS as “speaking, expression, statement, report, proclamation, teaching, message, assertion, declaration, written or spoken words.”
4. The most important definition of LOGOS is “the revelation from God about the Lord Jesus Christ.” Logos is the revelation of Jesus Christ as God in the language of Scripture plus the revelation of Jesus Christ as true humanity in hypostatic union.

B. Scripture.
1. Jn 1:1-3, “In a beginning which is not a beginning [in eternity past] there always existed and there never was a time when there did not exist the Logos [Jesus Christ], and the Logos was face-to-face with God, and the Logos was God. He was in the beginning face-to-face with God. All things through Him came into existence, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into existence.” Cf. Col 1:16-17, “For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers all things were been by Him and for Him. He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.” In Heb 1:4 it says that Jesus Christ is holding the universe together.
a. Jesus as the Logos existed from eternity past, has always been with the Father and is the Creator of the universe.
b. How did Jesus Christ get this royal title HO LOGOS? He received this royal title by making a decision in eternity past to provide the solution to man’s sinfulness by receiving the imputation of man’s personal sins and being judged for them, providing unlimited atonement, propitiating the justice of the Father, reconciling mankind to God, and redeeming man from the slave market of sin. There are three answers to why it was an unknown title prior to the Church Age.
2. Jn 1:14, “And the Logos became flesh, and tabernacled [dwelt temporarily] among us, and we saw His glory, the glory as of the uniquely-born One from the Father, filled with grace and doctrine.”
3. Jn 1:18, “No one has seen God [the Father] at any time; the uniquely-born God [Jesus Christ] is in the bosom of the Father, and He has made Him known.”
4. The word of God reveals the person who is the Logos of God, the God-man Jesus Christ. The basis for the revelation of this title is found in Heb 4:12, “For the word of God is living and powerful and sharper than any machaira, piercing so as to separate the soul and spirit, both joints and marrow, and to be able to evaluate thoughts and perceptions of the heart.”
a. The word of God is the basis for all true living and it is the source of power for the spiritual life.
b. The machaira was an eighteen inch long short Roman sword which had two edges and a point that were all sharp. Every Roman soldier was issued a machaira and taught thoroughly how to use the sword to maximum effectiveness. The soldier was always on balance with his machaira in contrast to the barbarians with their two-handed broad sword.
c. The heart is the stream of consciousness. The word of God evaluates the thoughts and perceptions of the stream of consciousness. You evaluate your own spiritual life through the mirror of Bible doctrine in your soul.
d. 2 Tim 3:16, “All Scripture is God-breathed [THEOPNEUSTOS] and is profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be able to meet all of the demands of life [ARTIOS], having been equipped with every good of intrinsic value accomplishment.”
e. 2 Pet 1:20-21, “But knowing this first, that all Scripture does not originate from one’s own private interpretation, for no prophecy was ever made by the will [purpose, decision] of mankind, but men who were carried along by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.”
f. Jn 14:16-17,26, “I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Mentor [PARAKLETOS], that He may be with you forever; even the Spirit of truth whom the world is able to receive because they neither see Him nor know Him, but you know Him because He lives with you [Jewish Age enduement of the Spirit] and will be in you [Church Age indwelling of the Spirit]. …But the Mentor, Whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things; He will cause you to remember all that I have said to you.”
g. The Bible is also called “the sword of the Spirit” in Eph 6:17.