Doctrine of Angel of Jehovah

July 14, 2010


1.    The Angel of Jehovah is identified as Jehovah.

Genesis 22:11-12
11    But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven, and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”
12    And he said, “Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.”  (NAS)

Genesis 31:11, 13
11    “Then the angel of God said to me in the dream, `Jacob,’ and I said, `Here I am.’

13    `I am the God {of} Bethel, where you anointed a pillar, where you made a vow to Me; now arise, leave this land, and return to the land of your birth.’ ”  (NAS)

Exodus 3:2-4
2    And the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed.
3    So Moses said, “I must turn aside now, and see this marvelous sight, why the bush is not burned up.”
4    When the LORD saw that he turned aside to look, God called to him from the midst of the bush, and said, “Moses, Moses!” And he said, “Here I am.”

Exodus 13:21
21    And the LORD was going before them in a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way, and in a pillar of fire by night to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night.  (NAS)

Exodus 14:19
19    And the angel of God, who had been going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them.  (NAS)

Judges 6:11-12, 22-23
11    Then the angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite as his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the wine press in order to save {it} from the Midianites.
12    And the angel of the LORD appeared to him and said to him, “The LORD is with you, O valiant warrior.”

22    When Gideon saw that he was the angel of the LORD, he said, “Alas, O Lord GOD! For now I have seen the angel of the LORD face to face.”
23    And the LORD said to him, “Peace to you, do not fear; you shall not die.”

2.    The Angel of Jehovah is distinguished from Jehovah.

Genesis 24:40
40    “And he said to me, `The LORD, before whom I have walked, will send His angel with you to make your journey successful, and you will take a wife for my son from my relatives, and from my father’s house;  (NAS)

Exodus 32:34
34    “But go now, lead the people where I told you. Behold, My angel shall go before you; nevertheless in the day when I punish, I will punish them for their sin.”  (NAS)

Isaiah 63:9
9    In all their affliction He was afflicted, and the angel of His presence saved them; in His love and in His mercy He redeemed them; and He lifted them and carried them all the days of old.  (NAS)

Zechariah 1:12-13
12    Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, “O LORD of hosts, how long wilt Thou have no compassion for Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, with which Thou hast been indignant these seventy years?”
13    And the LORD answered the angel who was speaking with me with gracious words, comforting words.  (NAS)

3.    The Angel of Jehovah is the Second Person of the Trinity:

A.    The Second Person of the Trinity is the visible God of the New Testament.

John 1:18
18    No man has seen God at any time; the only begotten God [Jesus Christ the Son], who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained {Him.}

John 6:46
46    “Not that any man has seen the Father, except the One [Jesus Christ] who is from God; He has seen the Father.  (NAS)

1 John 4:12a
12    No one has beheld God at any time;  (NAS)

B.    The Angel of Jehovah never appears after the Incarnation.

C.    Both the Angel of Jehovah and Jesus Christ are sent by the Father.

D.    Since neither the Father nor the Holy Spirit can be seen by man, and since Jesus Christ has been seen, it is concluded that Jesus Christ is the Angel of Jehovah or the visible member of the Godhead in the Old Testament.