essay: Tongues, only Apostles spoke in Acts 2:4

July 17, 2014


The Apostles were promised that…

“ye (apostles) shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.”
(Acts 1:5)

Question 1: Did only the 11 apostles speak in tongues at Pentecost or did all 120 speak in
Answer: Only the 11 Apostles spoke in tongues:
1. “They” in Acts 2:1 refers back to the “apostles” in 1:26.
2. The apostles only are addressed in Acts 1:1-13. Before Pentecost, only the apostles
were promised that “ye shall be baptised with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.”
(Acts 1:5). “Ye” here only refers to the apostles.
3. “them” and “they” in Acts 2:3,4 on whom tongues fell refer to the apostles.
4. “every man heard them speak in his own language.” (Acts 2:6).
The crowd heard them (the apostles) speak in tongues.
5. “Are not all these which speak Galileans?” Acts 2:7. Those who spoke in tongues
were Galileans, not men of Judah. Even an angel called them “men of Galilee.” (1:11).
6. When the men of Judea accused “these men” (2:13) of drunkenness, the group that
responded were, “Peter…..with the eleven.” (2:14), that is, the apostles.
7. Tongues was one of the sign gifts given to the apostles.
“Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you in all patience, in signs, and
wonders, and mighty deeds.” 2 Corinthians12:12.
Note: There is no record that the 3,000 people saved at Pentecost spoke in tongues, yet
they all received the Holy Spirit when they were saved. (Acts 2:38).
No woman in Acts 2 is said to have spoken in tongues.


Speaking in Tongues
One of the earmarks of the pentecostal movement is “speaking in tongues”. The word “Pentecostal” is derived from “Pentecost”, the name of the day when the first incidence of “speaking in tongues” occurred. The word “Charismatic” is derived from the Greek word for gifts, which is “charisma”. As implied by these names, the miraculous gifts are important to this movement. The gift of “speaking in tongues” is considered the most important by this movement, and people in the movement are taught that each Christian is to exercise this gift.

The word “tongue” in the Bible always refers to “a language”. The Greek word for tongue is always the same, “glossa”. Some good examples are found in Acts 2:11 and Revelation 5:9; 7:9; 10:11; 11:9; 13:7; 14:6; 17:15. In Revelation 9:11 the phrases “Hebrew tongue” and “Greek tongue” make it clear what the word means.
God worked a miracle in the lives of the early disciples and gave them the ability to preach the gospel in a language that they had not learned. In Acts chapter two, many Jews from sixteen other areas of the world heard the gospel in their own language and were saved. This was the beginning of the great church in Jerusalem. This miraculous gift was given for two very important reasons: 1) to break language barriers so many could be saved in the early days of the church and, 2) as a temporary sign to the Jews (see I Corinthians 1:22; 14:21-22) that the message of these disciples was from God, since the New Testament was not written yet (see Hebrews 2:2-4 and Mark 16:20, especially the phrase “was confirmed” in Hebrews 2:3). “Speaking in tongues” was another of the “signs of an apostle” (see II Corinthians 12:12), which are not mentioned from II Corinthians to Revelation.

Remember, this was a “gift” from God. It did not have to be taught or learned, even though many churches today “teach” people how to speak in tongues. Another important consideration is this: If the Biblical “gift” of tongues is present today, why do fervent, spiritual missionaries, even Pentecostal/charismatic ones, have to spend years learning new languages so they can preach the gospel?

It is taught by this movement that speaking in tongues is the evidence of the filling of the Holy Ghost. However, Jesus prophesied of the filling of the Holy Ghost and did not mention speaking in tongues (Luke 24:49). Acts 1:8 makes it clear that the filling was for the preaching of the gospel. Many times in the book of Acts, people were filled but they did not speak in tongues (see Acts 4:8, 31; 9:17-18; 13:9, 52). Of the seventeen times in Acts where people were saved, in only three of them was tongues involved. I Corinthians 12:28-31 makes it clear that not every Christian would be given this gift, which is listed as the “least” of the gifts.

One church in the Bible (Corinthians) was overly magnifying this gift and abusing it. This church was very carnal, so the book of I Corinthians was written as a rebuke (see II Corinthians 7:8-9) to correct them. In chapter fourteen, God gave some Biblical guidelines for speaking in tongues. These guidelines were given to make sure that everything was done decently and in order. For those who believe that the gift of speaking in tongues is still available to Christians today, these guidelines would be followed by the Holy Ghost, since He wrote them. Any church that encourages the speaking in tongues should ensure that these guidelines are being followed. Otherwise, maybe the Holy Ghost isn’t the One motivating the tongues (see Deuteronomy 13:1-5; II Thessalonians 2:9-10; Matthew 24:24 which show that Satan can also work through the miraculous). These guidelines are as follows:

I Cor 14:21-23, a sign for Jewish unbelievers’ benefit only (see I Cor 1:22)
I Cor 14:12, 26, for edification of others
I Cor 14:27, only two or three in a given church service
I Cor 14:27 (also vs. 23, “all”), must take turns
I Cor 14:28, must always have an interpreter present or keep silent
I Cor 14:33, 40, no confusion; decently and in order
I Cor 14:34-35, women not to participate in speaking in tongues in the churches
If you were to check, you would find that churches which have “speaking in tongues” today do not follow most of these Biblical guidelines. There must be a serious problem. If the current practice breaks these guidelines, then it cannot be from God, for He never violates His own Word. If the gift of “speaking in tongues” is available today, so must the gift of “interpretation of tongues” be available. What occurs, however, is multiple interpretations of the same unknown phrase, which would be impossible with God involved.
The Bible even warns against the common practice of “praying in tongues” because the understanding is not there (see I Corinthians 14:14-15). We must agree with Paul when he said, “in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue”, I Corinthians 14:19. This “speaking in tongues” movement is being used by demons to unite non-Biblical churches, even churches that do not preach the gospel. Beware!


Tongues is for a sign 1 Cor 14:22

Jews require a sign 1 Cor 1:22

1 Cor 14:22,  a warning sign not to those who believe but to the unbelievers.

The purpose is to give the gospel to unbelieving Jews in their own language.

It was a warning to unbeliever Jews between 30 and 70 A.D.

This was prophesied by Isaiah in Isa 28:9-16,

Jesus had said that the gospel was to go to all the nations and here the various tongues of earth were spoken.

The gift of tongues came also on the house of Cornelius at Caesarea (Acts 10:44–47; 11:15–17), the disciples of John at Ephesus (Acts 19:6), the disciples at Corinth (1 Cor 14:1–33).

Paul explains in 1 Cor 14:22 that ‘tongues’ were a sign to unbelievers and were not to be exercised unless one was present who understood them and could translate them.

True tongues speaking—biblical tongues speaking—is not ecstatic utterance.  The only tongues speaking the Bible knows anything about are established languages of the day spoken supernaturally as the Holy Spirit gives utterance. There is no such thing as an ‘unknown tongue’, as the KJV indicates.

And what was the message being spoken in these foreign languages?
(1)  Acts 16:31, “They said, ‘Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household.’”
(2)  2 Cor 5:20-21, “Therefore, we are ambassadors on behalf of Christ.  Because God is appealing through us, we ask on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God.  The One who did not know sin, He was made sin as a substitute for us, in order that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”

Was this spiritual gift of speaking in foreign languages the same spiritual gift as speaking in tongues mentioned by Paul in 1 Cor 12-14?  Yes, it is absolutely the same spiritual gift.  Then why was no believer with the spiritual gift of interpretation of tongues needed on the day of Pentecost, and yet Paul tells the Corinthians that no one in the local church was to speak in tongues unless there was someone to interpret?  It is because we are dealing with two entirely different situations.
(1)  On the day of Pentecost the believers who spoke in tongues (foreign languages) were speaking directly to those from other countries that understood their own languages.  Therefore, no interpreter was needed.
(2)  In the local church in Corinth the situation is entirely different.  Everyone there speaks Greek.  There are few if any foreigners in the local church.  However, if someone should come to the church from another country or area of the Empire, where they were raised speaking a different language, a person with the spiritual gift of tongues would communicate the gospel and the wonderful works of God to them in their language.  Then, for the benefit of the Greek speaking members of the Corinthian congregation, another believer in the church with the gift of interpretation of tongues would explain what was said for the edification of the rest of the members of the church.
(3)  There is no such thing as some sort of unintelligible, untranslatable, ‘angelic’, Holy Ghost language, commonly called ‘glossolalia’, that is, an ecstatic ‘Spirit language’.  If there is ‘glossolalia’, it is the satanic counterfeit of the legitimate, temporary spiritual gift of speaking in foreign languages to evangelize Jewish unbelievers from all over the Roman Empire, which ended in 70 A.D.

Unbelieving Hindu’s speak in tongues.


Acts 1:23 – 2:47

23~~ And they {Apostles} appointed two, Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias.

24~~ And they {Apostles} prayed,
and said, “Thou, Lord, Who knows the hearts of all men,
show which of these two Thou has chosen,

25~~ that he may take part of this ministry and apostle-ship,
from which Judas by transgression fell,
that he might go to his own place?”

26~~ And they {Apostles} gave forth their lots {they voted!};
and the lot fell on Matthias.
And he was numbered with the eleven apostles.


Acts Chapter 2
1~~And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they {Apostles} were all with one accord, in one place.

2~~And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and He {God the Holy Spirit} filled all the house where they {Apostles} were sitting.

3~~And there appeared unto them {Apostles} divided tongues {various languages – some spoke Latin, others Aramaic, etc.} like as of fire,(judgement) and He, {Holy Spirit} once and for all, sat upon (indwelling) each of them {Apostles} {this is the first indwelling in history of God the Holy Spirit}.

{Note: ‘Like as of fire’ is an analogy – fire is an analogy to judgement – and ‘you will be evangelized by men speaking in gentile languages’ was prophesized in Isaiah 28:11 as the sign of the fifth cycle of discipline.}

4~~And they {Apostles} were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they {Apostles} began to speak in foreign languages, as the Spirit kept on giving them {Apostles} utterance.

5~~And there were dwelling temporarily at Jerusalem . . . Jews, devout {devout refers to unbelievers who are ‘religious’} men, out of every nation under heaven.

{Note: They were here for the Passover, the feast of the first fruits, and Pentecost.}

6~~Now when they {Jews} heard the sound, the multitude came together {Jews}, and were confounded, because every man {Jews} kept on hearing them {Apostles} speak in his {Jews} own language.

{Note: Gift of tongues – speaking in languages that the uneducated, monolingual Galileens speaking foreign gentile languages.}

7~~And they {Jews} were all amazed and marveled, saying one to another, “Behold, are not all these (Apostles) which speak . . . Galileens?”

{Note: They are truly amazed that these non-formally educated people could speak their language perfectly!}

8~~”How do we {Jews} hear . . . every man in our {Jews} own tongue . . . wherein we {Jews} were born?”

{Note: These Jews came from vast distances where they were born and learned the native language there}

9-11~~ Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, 10~~ Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, 11~~ Cretes and Arabians . . . we do hear them speak in our tongues {gentile languages} the wonderful works of God.

{Note: Isaiah 28:9-11 Evangelism in foreign languages was the sign of the 5th cycle of disciple to the Jews.}

12~~ And they {Jews} were all amazed, but some {Jews} were in doubt, saying one to another {Jews}, “What does this mean?”

13~~ Others {Jews} mockingly said, “These men {Apostles} are full of new wine.”

14~~ But Peter, standing up with the eleven {Apostles}, lifted up his voice {spoke loudly, shouted in Aramaic – the language of the Jews of the day}, and said unto them {Jews}, “You men of Judea, and all you that temporarily dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words, 15~~ for these {Apostles} are not drunken, as you suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.”

{Note: This is the ‘logical approach’ – it is only 9am!}

16-17~~”But this is the same kind of thing that was spoken by the prophet Joel, 17~~ ‘And it shall come to pass in the last days, said God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh {at the 2nd advent} and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams.”

{Note: this is a quote from Joel 2:28 referring to the 2nd advent of the coming of the Holy Spirit in the Millennial reign of Christ – Peter is using this as an illustration to show the disciples are NOT DRUNK.}

Peter quoted Joel 2:28-32 in conjunction with the outpouring of the Holy
Spirit. His introductory words, “But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel” (Acts 2:16), may seem to indicate that he considered Joel’s prophecy as being completely fulfilled then. However it is apparent that the events of the day, though extraordinary, did not fulfill Joel’s prophecy. Joel’s prophecy will be ultimately fulfilled just after the Tribulation when Christ returns to rescue Israel. The wonders in heaven and in earth (Acts 2:19,20) clearly did not occur on the day of Pentecost or on any other day in church history.
Notice the events of Joel 2:28-32 and Acts 2:17-21 as follows:
v.28 1. Afterward (in the last days (Acts)), I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh;
2. Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, (gender);
3. Your old men shall dream dreams, (age);
4. Your young men shall see visions, (age);
v.29 5. Upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my Spirit,
and they shall prophesy, (Social class);
v.30 6. I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of
v.31 7. The sun shall be turned into darkness,
8. The moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the Lord come.
v.32 9. It shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be
10. In Mount Zion, and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance for the remnant as the Lord
hath said.

Explanation of Joel 2:28-32.
The Lord announced that “the great and terrible day of the Lord” (v.31) would see God
“pour out my Spirit upon all flesh.” The context shows that the “all flesh” refers more
specifically to all inhabitants of Judah.
Why? Because:
a) the fourfold use of “your”(v.28)‘your sons and your daughters…your old men…your
young men’
b) Ezekiel 39:29 is a parallel passage: “…..I have poured out my Spirit upon the house of
Israel, saith the Lord God.”
c) Zechariah 12:10 is a parallel passage: “I will pour upon the house of David, and upon
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall
look upon me whom they have pierced.”
This pouring out of God’s Spirit would be true regardless of gender, age or social
class.Joel 2:30,31 The great and terrible day of the Lord will be preceded by wonders
and signs of impending judgment (2:10 – “the sun and the moon shall be dark” and
• Blood, fire, and pillars of smoke suggest the effects of warfare, possibly nuclear warfare.
• The sun turning to darkness occurs in Revelation 6:12 and 16:10.
• The moon turning to blood occurs in Revelation 6:12 “there was a great earthquake; and
the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; and the
stars of heaven fell….”
• Though these events will signal doom for God’s enemies, God’s people should interpret
them as the precursors of their deliverance.
a) Matthew 24:29. “Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be
darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from
heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken; Then shall appear the sign
of the Son of Man…”
b) Mark 13:24-27. “After that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon
shall not give her light….”
c) Luke 21:25-28. “There shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the
Joel 2:32. At this time of judgment, whosoever (of the Jews) shall call upon the name
of the Lord shall be delivered. “Whosoever” refers to repentant Jews, as seen in
Zechariah 13:9, “they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my
Note: In Acts 2:16-21, Peter does not say that this is the fulfilment of Joel’s prophecy,
because the signs and wonders predicted had not occurred at Pentecost. Joel’s prophecy
concerns Israel before Christ’s glorious appearing. Peter saw in Joel’s prophecy an
application to the church. Peter was saying: “This is that same Holy Spirit that Joel wrote
about. He is here!” “This is that”, means the Holy Spirit’s coming, not the events of Joel’s
prophecy as they will come later. Pentecost was a sample of what Joel predicted. Peter
did not declare Pentecost as the complete fulfilment of Joel 2:28-32, but only as an
illustration, a partial fulfilment, and a similar situation. Therefore, the supernatural signs that
the multitude witnessed at Pentecost were the results of the Holy Spirit coming, yet only a
glimmer of the future.
Key: “Afterward” in Joel 2:28 pin-points the time of the Spirit’s outpouring in this passage.
It is after Jesus Christ has returned at His glorious appearing. The context of Joel 2 does
not allow us to link this outpouring of the Spirit to events before Christ returns. This refutes
the thought that today’s tongues are a sign of Christ’s second coming. Tongues at
Pentecost prepared the way for Peter’s message of salvation which brought 3,000 people to
Christ that day. Charismatics often use Joel 2:28-32 to support the continuance of tongues
today, as they quote Joel 2:23,24 of “the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month.
And the floors shall be full of wheat….” The former rain, they say, is supposed to be the
initial outpouring of the Spirit in Acts 2, and the latter rain is claimed to be today’s
Charismatic Movement.
The context clearly speaks of literal rain giving abundant crops. Spiritualising it, the former
rain would mean the riches of David’s and Solomon’s kingdom, and latter rain would refer to
even greater blessing of Christ’s kingdom after His second coming.
a) Tongues at Pentecost were real languages understood by visitors to Jerusalem.
b) Baptism of the Holy Spirit occurs at salvation. It is not to be sought, nor are tongues an
evidence of this baptism.
c) Tongues was a warning to unbelieving Jews to repent.
d) Tongues was an evidence of the Holy Spirit coming to form the New Testament
church, and to miraculously authenticate Peter’s message of salvation.
Acts is a book of transition, changes and history.
Changes happen in almost every chapter, such as:
a) The Old Covenant fades out, and the New Covenant enters. Even Paul was caught in
changes as seen by his Jewish vows (Acts 24:18 and 21:26) showing his tie to the Old
b) Acts passes from synagogue to church,
c) Acts passes from law to grace,
d) Acts passes from Old Testament saints to New Testament saints,
e) Acts passes from Jewish believers, to the church made up of Jew and Gentile
believers combined.
The only teachings in Acts that are normal for the church age are those that are doctrinally
confirmed elsewhere in the New Testament letters to the churches.
Charismatics and Pentecostals take a different approach: They build their theology on the
miracles of Acts 2,8,10,19 and on a misunderstanding of I Corinthians 12,13,14. (This is
really a rebuke and criticism of tongues, not approval). Historical transition begins at Acts
2:4, the core point of all Charismatic teaching: “And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost,
and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.”
Doctrine of subsequence defined: Charismatics teach that at conversion a Christian
receives the Holy Spirit in a limited way. Later on, in a subsequent experience the Christian
receives the “fullness” of the Spirit, by being baptised with, in or of the Spirit. This
experience is accompanied by speaking in tongues, new spiritual motivation, and
sometimes miracles. They teach that the Baptism of Holy Spirit:
1. Is usually distinct from and subsequent to (after) the new birth.
2. Is evidenced initially by the sign of speaking in tongues.
3. It must be earnestly sought.

18~~ “And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit and they shall prophesy.”

{Note: This will be right after the Second Advent: Joel 2:29.}

19~~ “And I will show wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath. Blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke.”

{Note: This will be just before the Second Advent: Joel 2:30.}

20~~ “The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord comes.”

{Note: On the day of the Second Advent of Christ will also come the Second Advent of the Holy Spirit indwelling everyone – because only believers will remain on the earth: Joel 2:31 (and see Rev 1:7).}

21~~ And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of {have faith in} the Lord shall be saved.

{Note: at the Second Advent which is at the end of the Tribulation, Christ will save all the believing Jews- and by application ALL the Jews to whom Peter was now speaking and ‘whosoever’ also refers to everyone who will believe! – Evangelism – the purpose of the temporary Gift of Tongues}

{Peter’s Pentecostal sermon}
22~~ “You men of Israel HEAR THESE WORDS. Jesus of Nazareth {subject of the message -the humanity of Christ}, a man exhibited from the ultimate source of God among you by miracles {true character of the God/Man} and wonders {savior-hood} and signs {1 being the sign5th cycle of discipline}, which God did through Him {Christ} in the midst of you, as you yourselves also know.”

23~~ “Him {Christ}, being delivered by the determinate decrees {in eternity past – it was God the Father’s plan} and foreknowledge of God; and by wicked hands have you crucified and slain.”

{Note: the first half of the sentence emphasizes that Christ going to the cross was in the plan of God and was always known of God. The second half emphasizes that the mechanics of going to the cross was accomplished under the free will of mankind.}

24~~ “Whom {Jesus} God has raised up, having loosed the birth pangs of death, because it was not possible that He should be held under the authority of it.”

{Note: Jesus in his resurrected body defeated death.}

25~~ “For David spoke concerning Him {concerning Jesus, 1000 years earlier . . . David was a prophet and a King -Psalm 16: 8-11 – an interpretation},” I kept on foreseeing the Lord always before my face, for He is on my right hand, that I should not receive moving.”

{Note: David received stability in life from this prophesy.}

26~~ “Now, therefore did my heart rejoice {happiness in the right lobe of the brain}, and my tongue was glad {David verbally expressed his joy}; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope.”

{Note: David realizes he also will have a resurrected body. Hope often refers to eternity future.}

27~~”Because Thou wilt not leave my soul in Hades neither will You suffer Your Holy One {Jesus} to see corruption.”

{Note: ‘Corruption’ means the destruction of the human body. Jesus’ resurrected body is in-corruptible. And, the Old Testament believer’s soul went to Paradise which was one compartment of Hades at the center of the Earth. The second compartment is ‘Torments’. All unbelievers of the past and present still go there. The third compartment is Tartars where the fallen angels of Genesis 6 (per Jude 1:6) are still chained today.}

28~~”Thou have made known to me {David} the ways of life. You shall make me full of joy with thy countenance.”

{Note: By foreseeing phase III (eternity future), David understands life in time (phase II).}

29~~”Men and brethren, LET ME PUT IT ON THE LINE TO YOU {or speak BOLDLY unto you} of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.”

{Note: In circa 30-32AD, the tomb of David was intact.}

30~~”Therefore {David} being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him {Davidic covenant – his heir would rule forever}, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, He {God} would raise up Christ to sit on His throne.”

{Note: how could David know it was possible that his son, a person of flesh, could possibly reign forever? David knew that Jesus would die and have a resurrected body.}

31~~”He {David} seeing this before spoke concerning the resurrection of Christ, that His soul {Christ’s} was not left in Hades, neither His flesh did see corruption.”

{Note: Christ said on the cross, “Today you will be with me in Paradise.” Christ’s soul went to the Paradise compartment of Hades and His Spirit went to the Third Heaven with God the Father.}

32~~ “This Jesus has God raised up, whereof we all keep on being witnesses.”

33~~”Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has shed forth this, which you now see and hear.”

{Note: Hebrews 1 tells us that the humanity of Christ is now made higher then all angels and seated at the right hand of the Father.}

34~~”For David is not ascended into heaven. But He said Himself, “The LORD {deity- God the Father} said unto My Lord {deity – God the Son}, ‘Sit Thou on My right hand, {Psalm 110:1} 35~~until I make Thy enemies Thy footstool.’ ”

36~~”Therefore let all the house of Israel know with confidence, that God has made that same Jesus, Whom you have crucified, both Lord {emphasizes his deity} and Christ {‘the annointed one’ – emphasizes his humanity}.”

37~~ Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their hearts {frontal lobes}, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, “What shall we {unbelievers} do {about the Lord Jesus Christ}?

38~~ Then Peter said face to face unto them, for their benefit, all of you repent {change your mind about Christ}. And receive baptism every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ because of the remission {payment for} of sins, and you shall receive the Holy Spirit.

{Note: To Jews to have a change of mind means accept Jesus as the ‘Anointed One’ or ‘Christ’ mentioned in the Old Testament as your savior and thou shall be saved. When speaking to Gentiles, Paul says believe in Christ and thou shall be saved because they had NOT STUDIED the Jew’s Old Testament! Both phrases mean the same thing – only the audiences are different}.

39~~ For the promise is unto you {unbelievers}, and to your children, and to all that are far off {refers to the gentiles}, even as many as the Lord our God shall invite.

{Note: He invites all members of the human race to select salvation. It is up to our own free will to accept or reject His Gift.}

40~~ And with many other words did he testify and kept on exhorting, saying, “Deliver/save yourselves from this perverse {‘religious/legalistic’} generation.”

{Note: Remember, Peter was addressing a crowd of very self-righteous devout Jews, not a lascivious crowd.}

41~~ Then they that gladly received his word {believed in Christ} were baptized. And the same day there was added unto them about three thousand souls.

42~~ And they continued to persist in the Apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread {Eucharist}, and in prayers.

{Note: For sure, there is one ritual authorized in the Church Age – the Eucharist – “Keep on doing this in remembrance of Me”, said Christ. At this time, RBT says Water Baptism is also an authorized ritual for mature believers – to demonstrate they understand the doctrine of Positional Truth. Later RBT says water baptism confuses the issue of salvation – ‘adding anything to salvation destroys the act of FAITH’. Make sure you do NOT attempt to add anything to your FAITH in CHRIST.}

43~~ And respect {respect for the authority is ‘fear’} came upon every soul and as a result many wonders and signs were done by the apostles.

44~~ And all that believed kept on having all things common.

{Note: Common faith – all part of the Body of Christ – the Church.}

45~~ And sold their possessions and goods, and distributed them to all men . . . as every man had need.

{Note: Christians were greatly persecuted because of their faith at this time. The Romans confiscated all the possessions of the Christians and paid 10% to someone who would turn them in. Other Christians were instructed to aid those believers in need.}

46-47~~ And they, continuing daily with one accord {daily intake of Doctrine} in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their food with extreme mental happiness and singleness of heart, 47~~praising God, and having grace with all the people {relaxed mental attitude, no hypocrisy}. And the Lord added to the church daily those as being saved.