Doctrine of Kinsmen Redeemer

July 19, 2010

Jesus Christ is our Kinsmen Redeemer

1.      Romans 3:24 our redemption is in Christ Jesus. Deliverance was through the paying of a price. Example:
(1)   I Cor 6:19-20 bought with a price.
(2)   I Cor 7:23 bought with a price.
(3)   Gal 3:13 redeemed us.
2.      Redemption is provided in the Bible in the OT by a kinsmen redeemer. The kinsmen redeemer is someone who is qualified to execute the law of redemption. He is qualified to pay the price of the debt. Lev 25:25-27 “any of his kin”
3.      There are three requirements for redemption:
(1)   You have to be kin.
(2)   Must be able to redeem: (a) not compromised by your predicament (b) be able to pay the whole price by yourself.
(3)   Must be willing: (a) Ruth 2:1 he is kin and able (b) Ruth 2:18-20 he is next of kin (c) Ruth 3:11-13 there is one nearer kin (d) Ruth 4:1-6 the near kin was able but his predicament kept him from it.
4.      Redemption comes by the kinsmen redeemer: Romans 3:24-25 propitiation is that which is done to fully satisfy. This is the reconciliation to God and Jesus is qualified to be our kinsman redeemer.
5.      The Justice of God: The justice of God is a function of his integrity. God is Holy, and God is trinity. The essence of God is love, righteous, sovereign, omnipresent, omniscient, omnipotent, immutable, perfect veracity and eternal.
6.      God’s essence is one but in three persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Justice guards the essence of God. Justice is the attribute of God that is the contact between God and man. Justice is the function of God’s integrity that guards all that He is.
(1)   Righteous is the principle of God’s integrity (His holiness). God’s righteousness demands the justice of God executed. God’s justice has to be satisfied.
(2)   Romans 3:25 the term “blood” is a reference to a sacrifice. It’s a characteristic of His death through faith in His blood. It is having faith in the blood that Jesus sacrificed for us.
(3)   Propitiation accomplishes reconciliation. This is how God and man connect. The justice of God is satisfied; therefore man can be reconciled to God.
(4)   The means whereby the satisfaction is accomplished is redemption (blood shed at the cross). Propitiation is our faith in that blood at the cross.
(5)   The justice of God requires that our redeemer be a near kinsman. This is where the doctrine of incarnation comes in. Jesus is the God-man. He is in the essence of the Godhead and He has the essence of man. He is the eternal God the Son.
(6)   Jesus had to become a man. But He came to be Israel’s redeemer. The middle wall separated him. (a) Matt 20:28 limited to many- not all (b) Matt 1:21 His people to be saved is Israel. (c) Luke 1:67-75 their predicament was different from ours.
(7)   Romans 3:25 what does it mean when it says, “for the remission of sins that are past”. It is a reference to “time past” not past sins of the life of the believer. It is dealing with mankind’s past through history. Hebrews 9:15 He also took care of the “time past” sins of the ones under the law and before.
(8)   Forbearance is an extension of time for a payment of a debt.
(9)   There are three requirements that had to accomplish for Jesus to be our kinsman redeemer: 1. He become a man and is kin because he broke down the wall of partition. 2. He was able to redeem because he was sinless. 3. He was willing. He was faithful to the cross, to die spiritually for us.