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Doctrine of Hypostatic Union

July 18, 2010

DOCTRINE OF THE HYPOSTATIC UNION

A.  Definition.
1.  In the person of the incarnate Christ are two natures, divine and human, inseparably united without mixture or loss of separate identity, without loss or transfer of properties or attributes, the union being personal and eternal.
2.  The dispensation of the hypostatic union began at the moment of the virgin birth, also classified as the first Advent of Christ.
3.  From the time of the virgin birth and forever, our Lord Jesus Christ has been and always will be undiminished deity and true humanity in one person forever.
4.  The doctrine of the hypostatic union was confirmed by the Council of Chalcedon in 451 A.D.
a.  The two natures of Christ maintain their complete identity though being joined in personal union forever.  The attributes of His human and divine nature belong to their corresponding natures though the attributes of either nature belong to the one person of Christ.  Each nature has its own attributes that adhere to that nature.
b.  There is no mixture of the two natures to form a third substance or hypostasis.  The human nature always remains the human nature and the divine nature always remains the divine nature.  The divine nature always remains the divine nature.
c.  It is orthodox to refer to Christ as a theanthropic (the God-man) person.  The two natures are united without transfer of attributes.  It is impossible to transfer an attribute of one nature to the other nature without destroying that nature.
d.  The essence is composed of the sum total of its attributes.  A change of attributes involves a change of essence.  Therefore, there is no change in the essence of deity or the essence of humanity.
5.  The focus of the doctrine concerns the union of two natures, divine and human in one hypostatic union, one person.
6.  The word “nature” comes from the Greek word OUSIA, the present participle of EIMI, which means “that which is one’s own.”  It means essence and it means being.  It is the persona of the unique person of the universe.  OUSIA means “being, existing,” but comes to mean “nature.”
a.  Beginning with the incarnation of Jesus Christ, a human nature was inseparably united forever with the divine nature of Jesus Christ.  Yet the two natures remain distinct, whole, unchanged, without mixture or confusion, so that Jesus Christ is true humanity and undiminished deity in one person forever.  Since the incarnation, Jesus Christ is true humanity and undiminished deity in one unique person forever.  Since the first Advent, it is no longer the divine nature alone which is expressed in His person, but the human nature as well.
b.  The Lord Jesus Christ is unique in the universe.  He is God with all the attributes of God.  All the attributes of deity adhere to His deity and never cross over and become humanity.  All the attributes of humanity adhere to the humanity of Christ and never become deity.  The attributes of the divine nature could not be transferred to the human nature of Jesus Christ to help Him to resist temptation or to meet the great problems of life.  The human nature of Christ in hypostatic union had to depend entirely upon the plan of God the Father and the power of the Holy Spirit.
c.  Jesus Christ had to become perfect humanity to be our savior, to be our high priest, to be the mediator between God and man, and to fulfill the promise of the Davidic covenant that David’s son would rule forever.
7.  The Approach.
a.  The two natures of Christ in hypostatic union remain distinct, whole, and unchanged without mixture or confusion, so that one unique person, our Lord Jesus Christ, remains forever truly God and truly man.  Whatever the Bible says about either the divine or human nature of Christ must be attributed to the entire person.  Whatever is true of either nature is true of the entire person of Christ in hypostatic union.  Jesus Christ is not two persons, but one person with two natures.
b.  Jesus Christ is the God-man, undiminished deity and true humanity in one person forever.
c.  Jesus Christ is not two persons.  That is the Nestorian heresy.  To deny that Christ is one person is to deny the incarnation, the first Advent, the dispensation of the hypostatic union, and our so great salvation.

B.  Biblical Documentation of the Hypostatic Union.
1.  Jn 1:1-2, “In a beginning which was not a beginning there always existed the Word [deity of Christ], and the Word was face-to-face with God, and the Word was God.  He was in the beginning with God.”  Jn 1:14, “And the Word [the deity of Christ] became flesh [true humanity] and tabernacled among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the unique one from the Father, full of grace and doctrine.”
2.  Phil 2:5-11; Heb 2:14; 1 Jn 1:1-3.
3.  Heb 12:2-3, “Be concentrating on Jesus, leader-hero and completer of our doctrine, who because of His exhibited happiness, He endured the cross and disregarded the shame, then He sat down at the right hand of God.  Think about Jesus who has endured such hostility of sinners against himself, that you may not be fatigued in your souls.”
4.  Phil 3:10, “That I may know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death.”
5.  Rom 1:3-5, “Concerning His Son [deity] who was born from the seed of David according to the flesh [humanity], who has been demonstrated the Son of God by means of power according to the Holy Spirit because of the resurrection from the dead, …Jesus Christ our Lord [deity].”
6.  Rom 9:5, “And from whom is the Christ in so far as the flesh is concerned, who is God sovereign over all.”
7.  1 Tim 3:16 is a summary of the dispensation of the hypostatic union.  “And by common acknowledgment, great is the mystery of the spiritual life: He who was revealed in the flesh, was vindicated by the Spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed among the nations, believed on in the world, taken up into glory.”
8.  Heb 1:3, “Who being the flashing forth of the glory, and the exact image of His essence; also sustaining all things by the Word of His power, having Himself accomplished purification for sins [function of His humanity], He was caused to sit down at the right hand of the majesty on high [only humanity sits].”
9.  Heb 2:14, “Therefore, since children [homo sapiens] share blood and flesh, He also partook of the same [became true humanity], in order that through [substitutionary spiritual] death, He neutralized [rendered powerless] Satan who had the power of death.”
10.  Phil 2:5-9, “Keep on thinking this in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who though He existed in the essence of God, He did not think equality with God a gain to be seized; but He laid aside His privileges [kenosis] taking the form of a servant, having come to be in the likeness of men.  And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of [substitutionary spiritual] death, even the death of the cross.  Therefore also, God highly exalted Him and gave Him a name [a royal patent] which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow and every tongue should confess that Jesus is Lord to the glory of the Father.”
a.  We are to have the same thinking that our Lord had during the dispensation of the hypostatic union.  Precedence for our thinking does not go back to Israel, but to the humanity of Christ inside the prototype spiritual life.  Thinking is worship.
b.  Under the doctrine of kenosis, our Lord did not use His deity in connection with the Father’s plan for the incarnation.
c.  Note the secret of our Lord’s greatness in His humanity:  “He humbled Himself.”

C.  The Doctrine of the Communion of Attributes.
1.  The Hypostatic Union.
a.  While the two natures of Christ in hypostatic union remain distinct, whole, and unchanged without mixture or transfer one to the other, whatever the Bible says about either nature must be attributed to the entire person of Christ.
(1)  The attributes of deity never transfer to humanity or become the attributes of the humanity of Christ.  When Jesus Christ was on earth and facing all of the temptations to sin in His humanity, He did not call on His deity to solve the problem.  He solved them from his humanity.  This is where Dr. Charles Hodge and other theologians have come to erroneous conclusions about the deity of Christ helping His humanity resist the temptation to sin.  Our Lord never allowed the integrity of His human nature to be compromised by help from His divine nature.  All of His help came from the Father and Holy Spirit totally apart from His own deity.
(2)  Many theologians want to make impeccability the fact that the deity stepped in and guided the humanity of Christ away from temptation.  That is absolutely wrong!  Many theologians imply that the divine nature overpowers the human nature so that the human nature cannot say yes to temptation.  This is totally wrong.  Our Lord’s help came from God the Father and God the Holy Spirit, not from His divine nature.  He could not depend upon His own deity to prevent Himself from sinning.  His deity did not help Him at all.
(3)  There is no true humanity in Jesus Christ, if the attributes of His deity start functioning in His humanity.  He did not use His deity to resist temptation.  He used His humanity.  His spiritual life was in His human nature, not His divine nature.  He tested and proved our spiritual life from His humanity.  He performed miracles from both His own divine attributes and from the power of the filling of the Holy Spirit.
(4)  Eph 4:13, “until we all attain the objective because of the system from doctrine, and by means of epignosis knowledge of the son of God [understanding the hypostatic union], resulting in the mature believer attaining the stature of the maturity of the fullness of Christ.”  This last phrase deals with the prototype spiritual life which was lived entirely in the human nature without any divine attributes coming over to help out.
(5)  Eph 3:20, “Now to Him who is able to do more than we could ever ask or think on the basis of the power that keeps on working for our benefit, to Him the glory by agency of the Church by agency of Christ Jesus with reference to all generations of this unique age of the ages.”
b.  Whatever is true of either nature is true of the entire person of Christ, which emphasizes the fact that Jesus Christ is not two persons, but one person with two natures.  To deny that Christ is one person is to deny the Incarnation.
c.  Rom 9:5, “From whom are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ in so far as the flesh is concerned, who is God, sovereign over all, blessed forever. Amen.”  Our Lord is both “flesh”, true humanity, and “God” the divine nature.
(1)  Jesus Christ is eternal God.
(a)  All divine titles are ascribed to Him.  He is called “God,” “the Mighty God,” “God over all,” “the Great God,” and “Lord.”  KURIOS is the Greek word for deity.
(b)  All divine attributes are ascribed to Christ.  He is declared to be the creator and sustainer of the universe, Col 1:16-17; Heb 1:3, the flashing forth of God’s glory; immutable, Heb 13:8; He declared that He and the Father are one in essence, Jn 10:30.
(c)  Conclusion–God is not more, cannot promise more, or do more than Christ is said to be, to promise, and to do.
(2)  Jesus Christ is true humanity.
(a)  The humanity of Christ is said to have flesh and blood, Heb 2:14; 1 Jn 4:2-3.
(b)  Jesus Christ was born into the human race through a virgin pregnancy and virgin birth, Heb 10:5-10 (This passage also indicates that our Lord was fully aware of His deity from birth.).  Through the virgin birth Jesus Christ was born without an old sin nature, and therefore, was born without the imputation of Adam’s original sin.  In His humanity, He was trichotomous, having a true body, true soul, and true human spirit.  In His deity, He retained all the essence of God.  Therefore, Christ was born as Adam was created.  He depended on the protocol plan of God.  He would not use His deity independent of the Father’s plan, Mt 4.  He had to depend on the protocol system, the prototype spiritual life.  At birth the protocol system was imputed to the human spirit of our Lord.
(c)  Jesus had a normal growth, Lk 2:52.
(d)  Jesus suffered pain, hunger, thirst, fatigue, pleasure, rest, death, and resurrection.  These are all functions of humanity, not of deity.
(e)  Jesus Christ had names and titles associated with His humanity: “the man Christ Jesus,” “Son of man,” “a man of sorrows,” “son of David,” and “Jesus.”
(f)  Any denial of the true humanity of Christ is a denial of the revelation of the word of God.
(3)  The incarnation is not a temporary arrangement, but an eternal one.
(4)  The two natures of Jesus Christ in hypostatic union maintain their separate identity in one Person forever.  The attributes of one nature are never attributed to the other nature, but the attributes of both natures are properly attributed to one person.
(a)  There is no transfer of attributes from deity to humanity or from humanity to deity.  The attributes of the divine nature belong only to the divine nature.  The attributes of the human nature belong only to the human nature.  The attributes of the human and divine natures belong to their corresponding natures while at the same time the attributes of either nature belong to the person of Jesus Christ.  The divine nature always remains undiminished deity.  The human nature always remains true humanity.  In fact, it is impossible to transfer the attributes of one nature to the other nature without destroying that nature.
(b)  Essence is composed of the sum total of its attributes.  Therefore, a change of attributes involves a change of essence.  To take away a single attribute of our Lord’s deity would destroy His deity.  To take away a single attribute of His humanity would destroy His humanity.
i.  In the incarnation of Jesus Christ, no attribute of His divine nature is changed.
ii.  In the incarnation of Jesus Christ, no attribute of His human nature is changed.
iii.  In the fulfillment of God’s plan and purpose for the incarnation, it was necessary for certain divine attributes to be unused, but these attributes were never surrendered.
iv.  In the incarnation, the preincarnate Christ as eternal God took on Himself a human nature composed of both material and immaterial elements (body, soul, and human spirit).
v.  While the characteristics of one nature are never attributed to the other nature, the attributes of both natures contribute to the person.  This is why our Lord in hypostatic union could be both weak and omnipotent, increasing in knowledge and omniscient, finite and infinite during the first Advent.
2.  There are three categories in this doctrine.
a.  Category one.  Some of our Lord’s attributes are true of His whole person.  This includes such attributes as the fact that our Lord is prophet, priest, and king.  As prophet He anticipates His death on the Cross.  As priest He emphasizes the hypostatic union as an efficacious, priestly sacrifice.  As king He emphasizes that the Cross must come before the crown.  Mt 11:28; Jn 14:6.  As redeemer at the Cross, Christ is both man and God.  While the humanity of Christ was being judged for the sins of the world, the deity of Christ was there, being omnipresent.  You do not take the deity out of Christ just because the humanity of Christ was our redeemer or priest or king.  All of these are found in Heb 10.
(1)  The true humanity of Jesus Christ was a sin offering as noted in Heb 10:5-10; 2 Cor 5:21; 1 Cor 11:24.  He is also mentioned as a priest offering a sacrifice.   When Jesus Christ accepted the imputation of all personal sins, this was His impersonal love for all mankind.  When He received the judgment of all personal sins that was His personal love for God the Father.  Aggressive love accepted the imputation of sin and responsive love accepted the judgment of sin.
(2)  Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be our Savior.  He could not do it as God.  He had to become true humanity to be a mediator between God and man, Job 9:2 cf. 9:32-33, the savior had to be a mediator between God and man.  1 Tim 2:5-6.
(3)  Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be our High Priest, a King-Priest, 1 Pet 2:9.
(4)  Jesus Christ had to be born true humanity to fulfill a promise given to David that he would have a son who would rule forever.
b.  Category two.  Some attributes are true only of His deity but the whole person is the subject, Jn 8:58, “Jesus said to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham came into being, I existed eternally [I am].’”
c.  Category three.  Some attributes are true only of His humanity but the whole person is the subject, Jn 19:28, “I thirst.”  Lk 23:46, “Father into Your hands I deposit My spirit.”
3.  The Predicates of Each Nature.
a.  When the person of Christ is described according to His divine nature, but that which is predicated is an attribute of His human nature, Rev 1:18, “And the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forever, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.”  While this is talking about the deity of Christ, Christ is talking, and He is describing divine nature.
b.  The person of Christ is described according to His human nature, but the predicate states the divine nature, Jn 6:62, “What then if you should behold the Son of Man [humanity] ascending where He [deity] was before?”
c.  The person of Christ is described according to His divine nature, but the predicate states both natures, Jn 5:2527.  The Son of God [deity] speaks and the dead rise up, verse 25.  But in verse 27, the Son of Man [humanity] executes judgment [from both natures].
d.  The person of Christ is described according to His human nature, but the predicate states both natures, Mt 27:46; Jn 5:22.  This is what happened on the Cross while He was being judged, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”  Humanity was being judged, yet both natures were present.  There was no separation of the humanity and deity of Christ on the Cross; deity was present because Christ, as God, is both immanent and transcendent.  Immanence means that God fills all space with His presence and gives it purpose and value.  Transcendence means that God the Son is prior to and exalted above the universe, which He has created and which He sustains.
4.  As the Godman, Jesus Christ is different from the other members of the Trinity in that He is true humanity, and He is different from mankind in that He is eternal God.  The pre-incarnate person of Christ as deity is coeternal and coequal with the Father and Holy Spirit.  The incarnation does not in any way diminish or destroy the deity of Christ.  The postincarnate person of Christ includes both undiminished deity and true humanity united in one person forever.
5.  Jesus Christ, therefore, is the unique person of the universe.  As infinite and eternal God, He is infinitely superior to angels and mankind.  As undiminished deity and true humanity in one person forever, He is now superior to all angels and mankind, Heb 12; Dt 6:4.  In His deity, He continues to hold the universe together, Col 1:17.  Heb 1:3, “He upholds all things by the Word of His power.”
6.  During the first Advent, Christ did not use His divine attributes to glorify Himself or to provide for Himself (the doctrine of kenosis).
7.  The prototype spiritual life fulfilled by the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union plus His efficacious sacrifice plus His resurrection provide the unique content of the dispensational status of the incarnation.  Certain aspects of the prototype spiritual life used by the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union were adopted for the Church Age and the Millennium.
8.  Since the ultimate aspects of the prototype spiritual life of the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union are both precedence and pattern for both the Church Age believer and Millennial saints means that the hypostatic union was truly a dispensation in God’s eyes.
9.  Christ was brought to completion by rejecting every and all possible type of temptation, and therefore, remaining true humanity and reaching the Cross.  Heb 10:12, “But He, having offered one sacrifice as a substitute for our sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God.”  Heb 10:14, “For by one offering He has brought to completion for all time those who are being sanctified.”  We are brought to completion or sanctified by salvation, by our post-salvation spiritual life, and by resurrection.

D.  The Hypostatic and Personal Union of Deity and Humanity in One Person.
1.  The great power experiment of the hypostatic union emphasizes the uniqueness and superiority of our Lord Jesus Christ.  As eternal God, He is infinitely superior to all creatures, angels and homo sapiens.  As impeccable perfect humanity and the winner in the great power experiment of the hypostatic union, He is superior to all human beings.
2.  In the hypostatic union, the two natures of Christ are united, but without any transfer of attributes.  The attributes of deity and the attributes of humanity in hypostatic union adhere to their corresponding natures.
a.  The essence of His deity cannot be changed, Heb 13:8.  To take from Christ a single attribute of His deity would destroy His deity.  Therefore, in hypostatic union from the virgin birth on, Christ’s deity has remained intact.
b.  To take from Christ a single attribute of His humanity would destroy His true humanity.  Attributes never leave one side of Christ’s person and go to the other side.  Deity and humanity are united forever.
c.  Jesus Christ is eternal God and His eternal deity was never diminished at any time during the incarnation, or because of the hypostatic union.  The incarnation does not destroy His deity.  He remains coequal and coeternal throughout the incarnation.  Divine essence never overflows into His humanity, nor does His humanity ever overflow into His divine essence.
d.  The incarnate person of Christ is also true humanity.  He has a body, soul, and spirit.  Because of the virgin birth He had no old sin nature and no imputation of Adam’s original sin.  At birth He received physical life and spiritual life.  Only His humanity could die spiritually on the cross.  Christ was born with a human spirit and already had eternal life as God.  Therefore, the Father had to impute something to His human spirit.  So the Father imputed the prototype spiritual life to the human spirit of our Lord.
3.  In His hypostatic union, no attributes of divine essence are compromised or changed.  However, in the fulfillment of the Father’s plan for the hypostatic union, certain attributes of our Lord’s deity were not used or manifest, but this does not imply that they were surrendered or destroyed (as per the false doctrine of kenosis).  Mt 4:110.
a.  Christ did not use His divine attributes for the benefit of Himself or to stay within the framework of the Father’s plan.  Instead, Christ functioned under His attributes of humanity through the enabling power of the Holy Spirit provided inside the prototype spiritual life.
b.  Christ didn’t exercise His divine attributes to provide for Himself or to glorify Himself; this is the true doctrine of kenosis.
4.  In the hypostatic union, the two natures of Christ are united without transfer of attributes.  The attributes of deity and the attributes of humanity adhere to their corresponding natures.
5.  Therefore, the union of divine essence and the human nature of the incarnate Christ must be considered hypostatic and personal.
6.  The Greek word HUPOSTASIS means:  actual being, essence, substantial nature, setting or placing under that which has actual existence, taking a thing on oneself.
a.  The deity of Christ took upon Himself true humanity.
b.  Hypostatic refers to the whole person of Christ.
c.  “Personal” refers to the emergence of one unique person.  He is different from God and the Holy Spirit in that He is man.  He is different from true humanity in that He is God.  As man He is superior to man because He was perfect and impeccable.
d.  No essence of deity is changed in the hypostatic union. No characteristic of humanity is changed by being in union with deity. Therefore He is unique.

E.  The Two Natures of Christ and the Doctrine of Kenosis.
1.  In the hypostatic union, the attributes of deity and the attributes of humanity adhere to their corresponding natures.  The attributes of deity adhere to His deity; the attributes of humanity adhere to His humanity.
2.  The essence of God is immutable and cannot be changed.
3.  To take a single attribute of deity from Christ in hypostatic union would destroy His deity.  To take a single attribute of humanity from Christ in hypostatic union would destroy His humanity.
4.  Therefore, in the hypostatic union, the two natures of Jesus Christ are united without loss or transfer of attributes.  In the hypostatic union, no attribute of the deity of Christ is lost, compromised, or changed.  In the hypostatic union, no attribute of the humanity of Christ is lost, compromised, or changed.
a.  Do not regard this doctrine lightly.  This is your salvation;  for it was the humanity of Christ that provided salvation on the cross.  “He carried our sins in His own body.”  He had to become true humanity.  As God, He couldn’t save us.  It was His human body that carried our sins.  As He said at the first Eucharist, “this is My body which is given for you.”
b.  This is a doctrine of fantastic importance.  Everything related to eternal life hangs on it.  Jesus Christ is God and Jesus Christ is true humanity.  The attributes of the one never bleed into the other.  The attributes of His humanity adhere to His humanity; the attributes of His deity adhere to His deity.
c.  You have no life without the hypostatic union.  You have nothing and you are nothing without the hypostatic union.  But because of the hypostatic union and because you have personally believed in Jesus Christ, you are royal family of God.
5.  In the execution of the Father’s plan in the dispensation of the hypostatic union certain divine attributes were not used under the true doctrine of kenosis.
6.  The fact that certain divine attributes were not used by our Lord during the dispensation of the hypostatic union does not imply that these attributes of deity were either surrendered or destroyed, as taught by the false doctrine of kenosis.  The true doctrine of kenosis teaches that the humanity of Christ was absolutely necessary for salvation.
7.  In the true doctrine of kenosis, our Lord became true humanity in order to fulfill the salvation plan of God for the great power experiment of the hypostatic union.  In the fulfillment of the Father’s plan, our Lord Jesus Christ did not exercise His own divine attributes to benefit Himself, to provide for Himself, or to glorify Himself.  Phil 2:8, “He humbled Himself and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.”
8.  In taking on Himself the form of true humanity, our Lord veiled His preincarnate glory as eternal God.  The eternal glory of the deity of Christ was veiled but never surrendered.  Occasionally, this glory was manifested, as at the Mount of Transfiguration, Mt 17:2; or at Gethsemane, where there was a flash of His glory, Jn 18:6.
9.  The union of the deity of Christ with unglorified humanity was a necessary factor in His humiliation.  It was so necessary that Phil 2:8 says, “He humbled Himself and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.”
10.  While the deity of Christ was united with His perfect and impeccable humanity, He was still subject to temptation, distress, weakness, pain, sorrow, and limitation; a state which continued until His resurrection.
a.  Yet not once did He ever succumb to temptation, though He was tempted far beyond anything we will ever know.
b.  The deity of Christ is always in a state of glory.  The humanity of Christ stayed inside the prototype spiritual life, resisting every temptation under the power of the Holy Spirit.
11.  From His own sovereignty and from His own free will, our Lord did not use His relative attributes, such as omnipotence, omniscience, and omnipresence, to benefit Himself; this was a part of His humiliation.
12.  Our Lord did not surrender or change His attributes; He couldn’t, because as God, Jesus Christ is immutable.  But He voluntarily, from His own sovereignty, restricted the use of His divine attributes in compatibility and compliance with the Father’s plan for the dispensation of the hypostatic union (incarnation).
13.  Therefore, during the first Advent, our Lord gave up the independent exercise of certain divine attributes in living among men with their human limitations.  This was evident during His evidence testing.
14.  In the great power experiment of the hypostatic union, the humanity of Christ depended upon the omnipotence of the Holy Spirit inside the prototype spiritual life, Mt 12:18,28; Lk 4:14,18; Jn 3:34.  The humanity of Christ was sustained by the filling of the Spirit because the humanity of Christ continued to reside inside the prototype spiritual life.
15.  Consequently, during the dispensation of the hypostatic union, our Lord, voluntarily restricted the independent use of His divine attributes.  He did not use His attributes contrary to the Father’s plan for the incarnation.  Phil 2:5-8, “Keep on thinking this in you which [was] also resident in Christ Jesus, who, though He existed in the essence of God, He did not think equality with God a thing to be seized, but laid aside His privileges [the privilege of the utilization of His deity], taking the form of a servant, having come to be in the likeness of mankind, and being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross.”  Jesus Christ used divine provision and divine power in the function of His true humanity on earth.  Instead of relying upon His own divine power, our Lord’s humanity relied on the omnipotence of the Holy Spirit, Jn 3:34.
16.  The union of divine essence and the human nature of Jesus Christ in one person forever has two characteristics.
a.  It is hypostatic.
(1)  The Greek noun HUPOSTASIS means:  to stand under as a support; to take a thing on one’s self; to take substance, essence; coming into existence and actual being.
(2)  Polybius used it for the reality behind appearances.
(3)  Tatian, one of the early fathers, used HUPOSTASIS for God as absolute, underived reality.
(4)  Heb 1:3, “Who being the flashing forth of the glory, and the exact image of His essence [HUPOSTASIS], also sustaining all things by the Word of His power, having Himself accomplished purification for sins [function of His humanity], He was caused to sit down at the right hand of the majesty on high [only humanity sits].”  See also Heb 3:14, 11:1.
(5)  Therefore, hypostatic is a technical, theological term referring to the whole person of Jesus Christ as distinguished from His two natures, divine and human.
b.  It is personal.
(1)  This refers to the emergence of the unique person of Christ as a result of the hypostatic union.
(2)  Hence, He is undiminished deity and true humanity in one person forever, the union being personal and eternal.
17.  As eternal God, Jesus Christ is coequal with the Father and the Holy Spirit.  As true humanity, Jesus Christ is perfect, impeccable humanity, superior to all creatures since His resurrection.
18.  Therefore, Jesus Christ as the God-man is one hypostasis or essence forever.  The attributes of both divine and human natures belong to the person of Christ.  The characteristics of one nature are never attributed to the other.
19.  This implies that Jesus, during the dispensation of the hypostatic union, could be simultaneously omnipotent (in His deity) and weak (in His humanity), omniscient and ignorant, omnipresent and located in one place.  However, the ignorance of His humanity was quickly overcome through His own perception, metabolization, and application of doctrine, his own epistemological rehabilitation from birth.  He learned the whole realm of doctrine, Lk 2:52.

F.  Every word spoken by our Lord during the dispensation of the hypostatic union came from one of three sources.
1.  From His deity.  Jn 8:58, “Truly, truly, I say to you:  before Abraham came into being, I existed eternally.”
2.  From His humanity.
a.  In Jn 19:28, our Lord said from the cross, “I thirst.”
b.  Mt 27:46, “About the ninth hour [3 p.m.], Jesus shouted with a loud voice, ‘My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me [humanity of Christ being judged for our sins on the cross]?’“
3.  From His person in hypostatic union.
a.  Mt 11:28, “Come unto Me all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. He that comes unto Me I will not cast out.”
b.  Jn 14:6, “I am the way, the truth, and the life; no man comes unto the Father but by Me.”
c.  Jn 6:47, “Truly, truly, I say to you:  he who believes in Me has eternal life.”

G.  The Necessity for the Humanity of Christ.
1.  Jesus Christ became true humanity to do the will of the Father, Heb 10:5-10, “Therefore, when He entered the world [at virgin birth], He said [Ps 40:6-8], ‘You [God the Father] do not desire sacrifice and offering [soteriology of the ritual plan of God for the dispensation of Israel], but You have prepared for Me a human body; You have not been propitiated by whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin [sin offering].  At that time [virgin birth] I said [from His deity], “Behold, I have arrived; (in the scroll of a book it stands written about Me [Old Testament prophecies]) to accomplish Your will, O God.’”  After saying the above, ‘Sacrifices and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You have not desired, nor have You been propitiated by them’ (which sacrifices are offered according to the law), then He said, ‘Behold, I have arrived to execute Your will.’  He has abrogated [taken away] the first [the Mosaic Law] that He might establish the second [protocol plan of God for the Church].  By which will [purpose, plan] we [new spiritual species, royal family of God] have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once and for all.”
a.  The ritual soteriology of the dispensation of Israel utilized animal sacrifices which portrayed the salvation work of Christ on the cross.  But these animal sacrifices were shadows, not capable of propitiating God the Father.
b.  “I have arrived to accomplish Your will, O God” was spoken from the deity of Christ in hypostatic union.  It refers to the election of Jesus Christ related to the salvation or incarnation plan of God.
c.  The protocol plan of God for the Church Age supersedes the ritual plan of God for Israel.  The new spiritual species of the Church Age replaces the new racial species of Israel, i.e., until the second Advent, when Israel will again become a client nation to God.
d.  The substitutionary spiritual death of Christ on the cross and resultant efficacious unlimited atonement fulfills and abrogates the ritual authorization of the Mosaic Law.
2.  Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be the Savior of the world, Phil 2:78; Heb 2:1415.
a.  As God, Jesus Christ could not have anything to do with sin except judge and reject sin.  Sovereignty is not subject to death.  Eternal life cannot die, and physical death was necessary for our Lord’s resurrection.
b.  Only humanity could bear our sins.  So Jesus Christ had to become true humanity and perfect humanity in order to receive the imputation and judgment of our sins on the cross, 1 Pet 2:24.
3.  Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be the mediator between God and man, Job 9:2,3233; 1 Tim 2:56.  He had to be equal with both God and mankind to be a mediator between both parties.  Therefore, Jesus Christ had to be both undiminished deity and true humanity in one person forever.
4.  Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be a priest.  A priest must be a man in order to represent man before God.  Jesus Christ became true humanity to be our high priest after the order (or pattern) of Melchizedek, Heb 7:45,14,28; 10:5, 1014.
5.  Jesus Christ had to become true humanity to be a king and rule forever.  He had to be the son of David to fulfill the Davidic covenant to Israel, 2 Sam 7:816; Ps 89:2037.  Solomon’s line goes down to Joseph (Matt 1) and Nathan’s line goes down to Mary (Luke 1).

H.  As a result of the great power experiment of the hypostatic union, the person of Jesus Christ is changed forever.
1.  In the person of Christ are two natures, inseparably united, without mixture or loss of separate identity, without loss or transfer of properties or attributes, the union being personal and eternal.  Jesus Christ is the God-man forever.
2.  During the incarnation, our Lord occupied the prototype spiritual life and fulfilled the learning process of humanity.  Because He was always filled with the Holy Spirit and inside the prototype spiritual life, He advanced rapidly to spiritual maturity.
3.  Now that He is resurrected, His humanity knows everything about God, just as we will.  So only during the incarnation on earth were there limitations on our Lord’s humanity as He learned and advanced.  That was necessary to establish precedence for the Church Age.  For we now have the operational-type spiritual life that we might function as His royal family.
4.  As God, Jesus Christ is infinitely superior to all rational creatures, both angels and homo sapiens.
5.  As true humanity with a body, soul, and spirit in hypostatic union, Jesus Christ is now superior in His humanity to all angelic creatures and human beings.

I.  The Virgin Birth.
1.  Two categories of omnipotence were involved in the preparation of the true humanity of Christ in hypostatic union:  the omnipotence of God the Father and the omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit.
2.  The old sin nature resides in every cell in the human body save one, and that is the female egg when released in ovulation.  Through meiosis and polar bodies, the twenty-three chromosomes in the egg is free from the old sin nature.  The twenty-three male chromosomes provided in copulation carry the old sin nature.
3.  At our physical birth, God simultaneously imputes human life to our soul and Adam’s original sin to the old sin nature.  Therefore, we are born into the world physically alive and simultaneously spiritually dead.  Being spiritually dead means we are totally cut off from God, having only a body and soul.
4.  However, our Lord’s physical birth was definitely unique; for the omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit fertilized Mary’s egg with twenty-three perfect male chromosomes.  Therefore, our Lord was born without the old sin nature; therefore, there could be no imputation of Adam’s original sin.
5.  Being born perfect and trichotomous with body, soul, and spirit, our Lord was born into the prototype spiritual life.  He was filled with the Holy Spirit from birth.  He remained inside the prototype spiritual life throughout His life, even though He was tempted far beyond anything we’ve ever known.
6.  Therefore, the virgin birth is a major issue.  Without the virgin birth, our Lord was not qualified to become our Savior in true humanity.
7.  Our Lord was born as true and perfect humanity exactly as Adam was created true and perfect humanity.  Our Lord was born trichotomous, having body, soul, and spirit; Adam was created trichotomous, having a body, soul, and spirit.
8.  When Adam and the woman sinned, they became dichotomous, and spiritual death replaced the human spirit.
9.  The virgin Mary had an old sin nature.  Both males and females are carriers of the old sin nature, but only the male can transmit it in copulation.

J.  The Result of the Virgin Birth.
1.  The preincarnate person of Christ is classified as undiminished deity.  He is coequal, coinfinite, and coeternal with God the Father and God the Holy Spirit.
2.  The post-incarnate person of Christ is classified as hypostatic union.  He is undiminished deity and true humanity in one person forever.
3.  Because of the virgin pregnancy and resultant virgin birth, the true humanity of Christ was trichotomous, having a body, soul, and spirit like Adam at creation.
4.  There are two devastating results of Adam’s original sin.
a.  The origin of the sin nature and the perpetuation of real spiritual death in the human race at the point of physical birth.
b.  The fact that homo sapiens are born dichotomous, having a body and soul, but no human spirit, 1 Cor 2:14; Jude 19.
5.  Both of these problem solving devices were resolved in the great power experiment of the hypostatic union.
a.  Real spiritual death was resolved through our Lord’s substitutionary spiritual death on the cross.
b.  Jesus Christ was born trichotomous with a body, soul, and spirit.  Our dichotomy is changed to trichotomy when we receive a human spirit at the point of our faith in Christ.

K.  The Spiritual Growth of the Humanity of Christ.  Lk 2:52, “And Jesus kept advancing [making spiritual progress] in wisdom, both in age [elapse of time] and in grace [favor] with God and men.”
1.  “Jesus” is the title for the humanity of Christ.  “Jesus” used alone refers to the humanity of Christ only.
2.  The imperfect active indicative of the Greek verb PROKOPTO means to advance, to make progress, to go forward, to increase.  “Grew” is not the best translation; rather, “and Jesus kept increasing.”
a.  The progressive imperfect of duration is used for an action which began in the past and continues in the past, i.e., throughout the incarnation.  During the entire period of our Lord’s first Advent up to the point of the cross, this verb describes our Lord during that time only.  It does not describe Him in resurrection body, at the right hand of the Father, during the second Advent or millennial reign.
b.  The active voice says that the humanity of Christ produced the action of the verb during the dispensation of the hypostatic union only.
c.  The declarative indicative mood is used for a dogmatic statement of doctrine regarding the humanity of Christ during the first Advent only.
3.  The two nouns that follow indicate how He grew in wisdom. There are always two factors in spiritual growth.
a.  The locative of time from the Greek noun HELIKIA is translated “stature,” meaning physical body, but that is not its primary meaning.  HELIKIA actually means age, the elapse of time.  So it takes the elapse of time for spiritual growth.
b.  The Greek word CHARIS means grace, and it can be translated favor.
4.  Of course, at the end of a short time elapse, our Lord was mature.  By the time He was thirty-three and went to the cross, He was way beyond the spiritual maturity of anyone who ever lived.
5.  We grow in grace.  Everything is provided for us.  The prototype spiritual life was provided for the humanity of Christ.
6.  “He advanced in age and in favor.”  As our Lord’s humanity advanced in age, He advanced spiritually inside the prototype spiritual life.  In other words, our Lord used time inside the spiritual life to advance.  The only time in which you advance spiritually and fulfill God’s plan for your life and glorify God is that time you log inside the spiritual life.  Our Lord logged maximum time, all thirty-three years, in the spiritual life.
7.  How much time have you logged in the spiritual life?  That counts more than how many years you have been saved.  How much time you log in the spiritual life learning and applying doctrine and using the problem solving devices is the strength of your spiritual life.
8.  Now there is finally a prepositional phrase.  Up until now in the Greek, there is the deliberate absence of a preposition to show that it is the spiritual growth of our Lord’s humanity that is the subject, not physical growth.
9.  Jesus Christ had a magnificent spiritual life; He was born into the spiritual life.  He stayed there and remained filled with the Spirit.  Furthermore, He learned doctrine much more rapidly than we do, not because He is God and the source of doctrine, but because He was born trichotomous and stayed inside the prototype spiritual life.
10.  Therefore, He demonstrated what we can do in the spiritual life, though we do so in a limited way.  Yet there is an avenue of spiritual life available to you that is absolutely phenomenal.
11.  The Greek preposition PARA is very interesting here, and tough to explain.  PARA means different things depending on the case.  Here PARA plus the instrumental of association can be translated “in association with.”
12.  The two Greek nouns in the instrumental of association are the singular of THEOS, referring to God, and the plural of ANTHROPOS, referring to people in general.  This is translated “both in age and in favor with God and with men.”
13.  Note the priority.  Favor or grace with God must precede favor or grace with mankind.  Favor with mankind does not imply favor with God, which was the thinking of Adam and the woman in the Garden.

L.  The Ministry of God the Holy Spirit to the Humanity of Christ inside the Prototype Spiritual Life.
1.  The omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit in the prototype spiritual life sustained the humanity of Christ during the hypostatic union.  The filling of the Holy Spirit was a problem solving device for our Lord during the first Advent.  He used the filling of the Holy Spirit to keep the outside pressure of adversity from being converted into the inside pressure of stress in the soul.
2.  As the author of the divine plan for the great power experiment of the hypostatic union, God the Father actually invented the prototype spiritual life to sustain the humanity of Christ during His first Advent.  God the Father created for His Son in His humanity the first palace, called the spiritual life.  It is the place of the filling of the Holy Spirit.
a.  At birth, the humanity of Christ was entered into the prototype spiritual life because He was born trichotomous, with body, soul, and spirit.  He was born as Adam was created.
b.  We are born again into the operational-type spiritual life.
c.  Therefore, our Lord was filled with the Spirit from birth.
3.  To remain perfect, our Lord had to stay inside the prototype spiritual life.  However, He had greater temptations to get out of the prototype spiritual life than we will ever know.
4.  Therefore, God the Holy Spirit sustained the humanity of Christ during the thirty-three years of the dispensation of the hypostatic union.
5.  Jn 3:34 teaches that the Holy Spirit was not given by measure to the humanity of Christ.  “For He [the Lord] whom the Father has sent communicates the proclamation from God; for He gives the Holy Spirit without limitation.”
a.  There was no limitation of the ministry of God the Holy Spirit because Jesus Christ’s humanity was born into the prototype spiritual life, and He remained filled with the Spirit from the point of His birth.
b.  Inside the spiritual life, there is no limitation on the omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit in sustaining our Lord.
c.  Hence, inside the spiritual life is the place of the filling of the Spirit.
d.  Our mandate of Eph 5:18, “Be filled with the Spirit,” is our mandate to remain inside the spiritual life.
6.  As herald to the first Advent of Christ, John the Baptist was said to be “filled with the Spirit out from His mother’s womb,” not “in His mother’s womb,” according to Lk 1:15.  “He [John the Baptist] will be filled with the Holy Spirit yet after [out from] His mother’s womb.”  If the herald was filled with the Spirit, then the same is true for the King.
7.  As a result of being filled with the Holy Spirit from birth, the humanity of Christ resided inside the prototype spiritual life where He matured very quickly, both spiritually and physically.  Lk 2:52.
8.  Our Lord’s humanity continued to reside inside the prototype spiritual life, and continued to be sustained by the Holy Spirit.
a.  Lk 4:14, “And Jesus returned to Galilee in the omnipotence [power] of the Spirit.”
b.  Mt 4:1, “Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tested by the devil.”
c.  Remember that the whole purpose of the virgin birth was to allow our Lord to be born perfect into the spiritual life.  His purpose while on earth was to remain in that state of perfection in the spiritual life so that, when He arrived at the cross, He was still perfect humanity and therefore qualified to be judged for the sins of the world as our substitute and Savior.
9.  After our Lord’s resurrection and just before He ascended, He prophesied the extension of the Holy Spirit’s power for every believer.  Acts 1:8, “But you shall receive power, when the Holy Spirit has come upon you.”  Compare also Lk 24:49.
10.  Miracles Related to the Hypostatic Union.
a.  There are two categories of miracles found in the Bible.
(1)  There are supernatural miracles.  These are beyond natural laws or phenomena and are performed by God either directly or indirectly (when God the Holy Spirit is the agent).
(2)  There are extra-natural miracles (something beyond the ordinary), which is the function of angels, especially demons who produce healing when they leave a person’s body.
b.  Miracles are the decision of the sovereignty of God when all the facts from divine omniscience demand it.  Then the omnipotence of God goes into action and a miracle is performed.  All miracles come from the sovereignty and wisdom of God.  No human being ever performed a miracle.  This was even true in the use of the gift of miracles during the pre-canon period of the Church Age.  The sovereignty of God plus the wisdom of God plus the power of God equals a miracle.  Miracles are not the decision of human beings in prayer, in hope, or in wishes.
c.  Such miracles are always compatible with the will and plan of God.  Satan’s counterfeit of miracles is the removal of a demon that has induced an illness to make it appear as if the person has been healed.
d.  All miracles in the hypostatic union were performed by the sovereignty of God apart from the prototype spiritual life, which was under the custodianship of the human nature of our Lord in hypostatic union.  You have a spiritual life which is far greater than a miracle.  Miracles are not a problem solving device.
e.  There are three categories of miracles performed by our Lord during the hypostatic union.
(1)  Creation related miracles were performed by the omnipotence of the divine nature of Christ because He is the creator of all things.  Creation related miracles were not subject to the doctrine of kenosis.  These miracles were not in conflict with the doctrine of kenosis or the function of the prototype spiritual life.  These miracles are based on the fact that Jesus Christ created the universe and during the hypostatic union He continually used His divine power to perform certain miracles like holding the universe together, calming the storm, turning water into wine, and bringing Lazarus back from the dead.  These miracles were authorized and legitimate and did not conflict with the Father’s plan for the dispensation of the hypostatic union.  What Satan was offering by way of temptation was a miracle that would involve using a creation miracle to compromise the Father’s plan.
(2)  Messiah related miracles were performed by the deity of our Lord to give accreditation to the humanity of Jesus Christ as the son of Abraham, the son of David, and the Messiah of Israel.  Jesus Christ in His divine nature is the God of Israel.  In His humanity He is the king of Israel.  Accreditation is authoritative credibility which demands faith or acceptance.  Messiah related miracles are direct from the deity of our Lord Jesus Christ.  An example was the casting out of demons, the healing of the blind, lame, etc.  Messiah related miracles were neither in opposition to kenosis or to the Father’s plan for the dispensation of the hypostatic union.
(3)  Agent related miracles were performed through the agency of the Holy Spirit during the hypostatic union, Mt 12:28; Lk 4:14-18.  Agent related miracles were performed by the omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit.  The humanity of Christ could not perform miracles; they had to be performed by God the Holy Spirit.  No miracles are related to the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union.  The miracles which came from the Spirit also did not conflict with the Father’s plan, Mt 128; Lk 4:14-18.  These miracles were designed to give credibility to our Lord’s messages.
f.  All three of these categories were legitimate in the hypostatic union because they were a part of the plan of God for the dispensation of the hypostatic union.  All three categories of miracles were the legitimate function of the person of Jesus Christ in hypostatic union, but they form a dichotomy, since miracles are not part the spiritual life and the spiritual life is not a part of miracles.  Satan attacks this dichotomy at the point of miracles.  The first two temptations of Satan were designed to form a compromise or spurious (not compatible with the will or plan of God) miracle.
g.  Miracles were a part of the divine plan for the dispensation of the hypostatic union because they did not contradict kenosis and because they did not function independently of the prototype spiritual life.  Miracles were never performed by the humanity of our Lord in hypostatic union.  Miracles have never been a part of the spiritual life of any dispensation.  Miracles are a distraction to your spiritual life.  You have been given the filling of the Holy Spirit as an equivalent power to miracles.
h.  The humanity of our Lord was being tempted by Satan to perform a lawful miracle in an unlawful manner.  What was wrong then with Satan’s suggestion to perform a miracle to turn stones into bread?  The source–Satan.
i.  Satan’s objectives were threefold.
(1)  He sought to destroy the doctrine of kenosis.
(2)  He sought to annihilate the prototype spiritual life.
(3)  He sought to fulfill his original sin to make himself like the Most High (Jesus Christ as the eternal Son of God).
j.  The objectives of our Lord were fourfold.
(1)  To present Himself to Israel as Messiah.
(2)  To provide eternal salvation for the entire human race.
(3)  To test and prove the prototype spiritual life.
(4)  To become the greatest witness against Satan in his appeal trial.
k.  Conclusion.
(1)  Jesus Christ refused to solve a problem apart from the spiritual life.  Jesus Christ provided the only solutions to your problems.  When you go to outside solutions, like psychological therapy, you have rejected the greatest spiritual life in history.
(a)  Why pray for a miracle when you have a day to day spiritual life that is far greater and far more powerful in a moment by moment existence?  Miracles are not problem solving devices.  Miracles are not a part of the spiritual life.  God does not perform miracles in answer to prayer.  You have problem solving devices.  God performs miracles without your prayers.  Human beings do not perform miracles.
(b)  For the believer there is no solution to the problems of life apart from the ten problem solving devices.  Miracles are not designed to solve your problems.  Example–Paul prayed for a miracle three times to have his thorn in the flesh removed and the answer was “No.”
(c)  For the believer there is no solution to the problems of life through miracles.  Miracles are even used by God for divine discipline, so they are not problem solving devices.  The spiritual life and miracles are a dichotomy.
(d)  Moses performed a lot of miracles but they were not a part of his spiritual life.  The miracles were performed by God for Moses even when he was out of fellowship, e.g., the second Merabah, Num 20:1-13.  A miracle was performed when Moses was out of fellowship because the spiritual life of the believer does not include miracles.
(2)  Satan’s attack in the three temptations were to destroy the distinction between miracles, which always come from God, and the function of the prototype spiritual life.  The only way to do it is to tempt the Lord to use a spurious miracle that would be contrary to the divine objectives of the dispensation of the hypostatic union and destroy the prototype spiritual life.
(a)  The dichotomy of miracles and the prototype spiritual life caused Satan to assume that he had discovered a weak spot in the line of defense in the area of miracles.  The dichotomy between miracles and the prototype spiritual life is that miracles always belong to the divine nature and the prototype spiritual life is under the custodianship of the human nature of Jesus Christ.
(b)  The strategy of Satan was to use a false, compromising, or spurious miracle to destroy both kenosis and the prototype spiritual life.  Satan tempted Jesus Christ to by-pass the prototype spiritual life, to operate independently of Bible doctrine circulating in His stream of consciousness, to get Him to reject the problem solving devices.  The temptation was to do a right thing in a wrong way.  The miracle of compromise called for the human nature of Christ to use His divine nature to turn the stones of the desert into bread.  This was tempting Jesus Christ to perform a lawful thing in an unlawful manner.
(c)  Satan underestimated the power of the prototype spiritual life.  Our Lord defeated Satan with the power of Bible doctrine, the word of God metabolized in the soul.
(3)  The spiritual life is far greater than any miracle or any ecstatic experience.  Miracles come from the sovereignty, omniscience, and omnipotence of God and are not performed by human beings unless that human being is the direct agent of God or it is being done through the filling of the Spirit.  There is no solution to life through miracles.
l.  Miracles were performed by God during the pre-canon period of the Church Age related to various spiritual gifts to validate the message of the apostles until their authority was established.  No human being ever performed these miracles.  These miracles were performed by God the Holy Spirit indwelling these believers to validate their message as being from God.
11.  The true doctrine of kenosis says that during the dispensation of the hypostatic union, our Lord voluntarily restricted the independent use of His own divine attributes in compliance with the Father’s plan, purpose, and policy for the first Advent.
12.  The omnipotence of Jesus Christ continued to hold the universe together, Heb 1:3; Col 1:17.
13.  Our Lord’s humanity continued to reside inside the prototype spiritual life under the filling and power of the Holy Spirit in total reliance upon Bible doctrine.  Mt 4:4, “Mankind shall not live by bread alone, but by every doctrine that proceeds out of the mouth of God.”  Compare Lk 2:52.  The believer lives by spiritual food.  The same problem solving devices which Christ had available to Him in the prototype spiritual life are available to you in the operational type spiritual life.  You acquire these problem solving devices in the same way our Lord did–through the metabolization of doctrine.
a.  The human nature of Christ was the custodian of the prototype spiritual life.
b.  This implies that the human nature of Jesus Christ in hypostatic union must depend on four spiritual mechanics of the spiritual life (the two power options, the three spiritual skills, the ten problem solving devices, and the three stages of the adult spiritual life) to resist temptation and to utilize the power of God the Holy Spirit and Bible doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness of our Lord’s human soul.
c.  If Jesus Christ had used His own divine power in hypostatic union to provide for Himself, both the divine nature and human nature are compromised, and there would have been no salvation, no spiritual life, and no resurrection.  The deity of Christ would have transferred the power of the divine nature to the human nature, thus transferring a divine attribute to the human nature to solve a problem by a miracle.  This transfer would have destroyed the independent action of the human nature of Christ to utilize and fulfill the prototype spiritual life.
d.  The testing is designed to tempt Jesus Christ to operate independently of God the Holy Spirit in problem solving.
e.  If the deity of Christ acts independently of the filling of the Spirit, the humanity of Christ destroys the prototype spiritual life.
f.  This is also a temptation to solve the problem of hunger by a miracle rather than the dynamic function of the prototype spiritual life.  If God has a plan for our lives, He will provide the needs necessary to fulfill that plan.
g.  Solving the problem by a miracle denies the option to us as Church Age believers to function under spiritual dynamics of the greatest spiritual life of all history totally apart from miracles.
h.  A miracle performed by the deity of Christ under these temptations becomes tantamount to a false solution.  A miracle is not the answer to hunger.  A miracle is not only a temptation to the humanity of Christ but a denial of our relationship with God in time on the basis of the spiritual life which Jesus Christ protected in His human nature.
14.  During the hypostatic union, the humanity of Christ did not exercise His own divine attributes, including omnipotence, to benefit Himself, to provide for Himself, or to glorify Himself.  Our Lord was tempted to do so in Mt 4.  Jesus faced all the normal temptations you face, but He faced temptations far greater; e.g., to use His own divine omnipotence to benefit Himself during the dispensation of the hypostatic union.  Our Lord met these evidence tests by applying Bible doctrine which was metabolized in His own soul.  Therefore, He used His own SOPHIA or wisdom in answering Satan.
a.  Our Lord was tempted in three areas.
(1)  Temptation to act independently of the filling of the Spirit, Mt 4:3-4.
(2)  Temptation in relationship to the word of God, Mt 4:5-7.
(3)  Temptation in relationship to the plan of God, Mt 4:9-10.
b.  The background for the first temptation is found in Mt 4:1-2.  This tells us of our Lord’s spiritual status and the place of temptation–in the desert.  “Then Jesus [humanity] was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tempted by the devil.  And after He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He was hungry.”
(1)  The attacks were all against our Lord’s human nature.  Satan tried to put so much pressure on His human nature, that His divine nature would come to the rescue.  Satan tried to take the hypostatic union and turn it around and use it against our Lord, and he did not succeed.  But Satan has succeeded in taking the spiritual life and turning it around and using it against believers by the false doctrine that the spiritual life is a system of emotion.
(2)  The desert is often a place of loneliness; consequently, a place of boredom, temptation, and lack of human companionship.  Therefore, loneliness is an issue in this temptation.  Only the resources of the soul can focus on the solution and avoid preoccupation with the problem.  Our Lord was in a state of complete loneliness and only had the filling of the Spirit, Bible doctrine in the soul, and functioned under the plan of God.
(3)  The humanity of our Lord did not ask for a miracle from God.  Asking for miracles is not the spiritual life.  To maintain the status of perfection in His human nature, Jesus Christ must use the assets of the prototype spiritual life to resist the temptation to sin.
c.  The first temptation–to act independently of the filling of the Holy Spirit, Mt 4:3-4, “And when the tempter had come, he said to Him, ‘Since You are the Son of God, speak so that these stones may become loaves of bread.’  But He answered and said, ‘It stands written [Dt 8:3], “This man [the humanity of Christ] shall not live only on bread, but for every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God [Holy Spirit].”’”
(1)  This is an attack on the humanity of Christ through the function of the divine nature.  Even though Satan starts out by recognizing the deity of Christ, He is attacking the human nature of Christ.
(a)  This is an attack on the doctrine of kenosis, the prototype spiritual life, and impeccability.  To do this the human nature must be used against the divine nature of Jesus Christ in hypostatic union, instead of using the human nature to function continually under the prototype spiritual life and depend on God the Holy Spirit.  Satan was tempting Jesus Christ to use His divine nature against Himself.  All three of Satan’s attacks were on the human nature of Christ.
(b)  This is the temptation of the humanity of Christ to compromise His human nature by using an attribute of the divine nature (omnipotence) to solve a problem.  This would destroy forever the human nature of Christ and the prototype spiritual life.  Satan tried to destroy the whole person of Christ and the spiritual life of the humanity of Christ by getting the human nature of Christ to depend on the divine nature of Christ.
(2)  Our Lord is being tempted in two ways.  First by arrogance to demonstrate to Satan His supernatural power, His omnipotence, and secondly our Lord is being tempted to function independently of the Father’s plan.  The temptation of Satan was for the humanity of Christ to call on the deity of Christ to solve the problem of hunger and prove He was the Son of God.  Our Lord was suffering terribly from hunger.
(a)  Satan did not reject the doctrine of the hypostatic union.  Satan understood Christ was both undiminished deity and true humanity in one person.  That knowledge was necessary for this most unusual temptation.  Satan also understood how the human nature of Jesus was functioning in the prototype spiritual life.  The first temptation was a temptation against the first power option–the filling of the Spirit.  The second temptation was an attack on the infallibility of the word of God regarding interpretation.
(b)  Satan attacks the humanity of Christ at the point of His strength.  This was a temptation to compromise the prototype spiritual life.  Our Lord’s strength was the filling of the Holy Spirit and metabolized doctrine circulating in His stream of consciousness.  Satan attacked the two power options.  He attempted to get our Lord to operate independently of the filling of the Spirit and Bible doctrine.  Satan was tempting our Lord to violate the will and plan of God, a sin which is committed by believers every day.
(c)  Satan’s objective in the first two temptations was to attack, discredit, and neutralize the prototype spiritual life, and by so doing to destroy the divine plan for the dispensation of the hypostatic union and to make himself like the Most High–Jesus Christ.
(d)  To attack, discredit, and neutralize the prototype spiritual life (the point of Jesus’ strength) Satan had to persuade Jesus to use the power of His divine nature to solve the temptation of hunger in His human nature.  Satan was trying to get Jesus to prove He was the Son of God.  Satan was saying, “I know you are the Son of God, but prove it.”  Turning stones into bread called for a miracle performance of the divine nature.
(e)  The first temptation was designed to by-pass the filling of the Spirit by substituting the function of our Lord’s own omnipotence.  The first temptation was designed to compromise the prototype spiritual life, not only to prevent Jesus from reaching the Cross, but to solicit the humanity of Christ to operate independently of the filling of the Spirit and that spiritual life.  The temptation was designed to solicit Jesus Christ to use His divine nature to solve the problem of intense hunger in His human nature.  If He does that, He has destroyed the prototype spiritual life.  If our Lord makes an unlawful use of His divine nature, He is out of bounds and the perfection of Christ in His human nature is over.
(f)  Satan’s approach was not antagonistic.  He was very concerned about the problem of our Lord’s hunger.  He comes as one who is anxious to help with his advice.  Satan entreats our Lord to just speak.  This is very subtle.  This is not a frontal attack.  This is the hypocrisy of concern.  Satan uses truth with the innuendo that only a miracle will solve the problem.
(g)  Jesus Christ will use the two power options, the three spiritual skills, the eight problem solving devices and the three stages of the adult spiritual life to resist the temptation and fulfill the plan of God.
(3)  There is something greater than a miracle–the function of the greatest spiritual life of all time.
(a)  You do not pray for miracles because you have the greatest spiritual life.  We have a spiritual life for all situations, for all problems.  We have the perfect spiritual life because it was tested in every way.
(b)  The power of His divine nature was readily available to perform the miracle.  So why not perform the miracle?  Because the prototype spiritual life demands the filling of the Spirit to make the right application of the metabolized doctrine circulating in the human soul of our Lord’s human nature in hypostatic union.  So arrogance could provide the food, but humility under the filling of the Spirit prevailed.
(c)  Miracles are always based exclusively on the sovereignty of God.  No one has the power to perform a miracle except God.
(d)  The Church Age believer must learn to distinguish between the spiritual life as represented by our Lord’s function in the prototype spiritual life and miracles which have other objectives like signs of Messiahship.
(e)  In the miracle of turning water into wine at the wedding feast, our Lord used His divine nature in hypostatic union as a gracious gesture to present a fact of doctrine to the wedding guests that Jesus Christ is the Messiah.
(f)  Old Testament prophecy signs of Messiahship include attestation miracles performed by the person of Christ in hypostatic union.  There are nine of them in the gospel of John.
(g)  A miracle is a sovereign decision of the grace of God pertaining to pertinent situations in history.  It is not a sign of the spiritual life.  Miracles come from the sovereignty of God in the Church Age.
(h)  In fact, the deity of Christ in hypostatic union performed a continuous miracle every second of the dispensation of the hypostatic union by holding the universe together.
(i)  These miracles are totally apart from the prototype spiritual life.
(4)  Jesus Christ surrendered no attribute of His deity, but voluntarily restricted their independent use in fulfilling the objectives assigned to Him by God the Father.  The humanity of Christ was subject to real temptations but no attribute of our Lord’s divine nature was changed or compromised–the divine nature did not come to the rescue of the human nature.
(a)  Our Lord was tempted to demonstrate His supernatural power in arrogance, to show off His omnipotence,  which would have by-passed the filling of the Spirit and terminated the prototype spiritual life.  It would have been a sin of arrogance and a violation of the plan of God.
(b)  Our Lord was being tempted to obtain a lawful thing in an unlawful way.  The lawful thing was providing food for His humanity.  The unlawful thing was providing the food through a spurious miracle.  It was an attempt to pull Jesus Christ in His humanity away from His spiritual life and go to His divine nature for assistance.
(c)  Our Lord was being tempted regarding the sufficiency of the grace of God for the daily needs of His humanity.
(d)  The issue: Would Jesus Christ use His divine power or would He use the function of the prototype spiritual life and wait for the grace provision of God the Father in the doctrinal rationale of logistical grace.
(e)  It is not part of the Father’s plan to permit the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union to starve to death.
(f)  The temptation was designed by Satan to by-pass the prototype spiritual life and make food more important than the spiritual life.
(g)  In this temptation, Satan solicits the divine nature to come to the rescue of the human nature of Jesus Christ in a state of terrible hunger by the performance of a spurious miracle.
(h)  There is both a value issue and a sin issue involved in this temptation.  The sinful function of the third arrogance skill (self-absorption) could easily be rationalized through the second arrogance skill (self-deception) and result in the first arrogance skill (self-justification) that He had the right to turn the stones into bread in order to survive.  This was also a temptation to depend on the divine nature to supply a legitimate need instead of depending on logistical grace.
(5)  The victory over temptation comes from the power of the infallible word of God interpreted and applied through the filling of the Holy Spirit.  The pattern of victory was the application of metabolized doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness under the filling of the Holy Spirit.
(6)  Our Lord’s answer to Satan begins with the monadic use of the definite article and the noun ANTHROPOS, which means “the unique man” and is a reference to the humanity of our Lord Jesus Christ in hypostatic union.  The monadic definite article means this man is unique, one of a kind.  This does not refer to mankind in general as it does in Deut 8:3.  This is quoted from the Septuagint and not from the Hebrew.  The definite article is used as a demonstrative pronoun and should be translated “This man.”
(a)  Christ reminds Satan that He is also the son of David, true humanity, unique humanity, perfect humanity, and that it is not God the Father’s will for Christ to by-pass the filling of the Holy Spirit or the Old Testament canon.
(b)  Christ refocuses Satan in each temptation.  When Christ said these two words, Satan knew immediately that our Lord would not function from his deity to solve the problem.
(c)  Jesus will resist the temptation through the power of the infallible word of God interpreted and applied through the filling of the Holy Spirit.  Instead of using His divine omnipotence, Jesus used the two power options of the prototype spiritual life.  The filling of the Holy Spirit plus perception, metabolization, and application of the inerrant word of God is the foundation for the spiritual life of the Church Age.  Our Lord recognized the power of the word of God in dealing with temptation.
(d)  Our Lord’s answer indicates that you have to have bread to live, but that the necessities of life often blot out the spiritual life and should not do so.  Our Lord’s answer recognizes the fact that human food is a necessity for sustaining life, but not the most important thing in sustaining the life of the believer.  What sustains the soul in life is even more important than what sustains the body, even though both are necessary.
(7)  Our Lord’s answer is explained in Ps 138:1-2, “A song belonging to David.  I give thanks to You [the Lord Jesus Christ] with all my heart; before God [the Father] I will sing Your [the human nature of Jesus Christ] praises.  I will prostrate myself in worship at the site of Your holy temple, and I will give thanks to Your person for Your unfailing love and doctrine; for You [Jesus Christ in hypostatic union] have magnified Your word [Bible doctrine, especially the teachings of the New Testament] above and beyond Your person.”
(a)  The humanity of our Lord Jesus Christ put the infallible word of God above His person so that we would realize there is no substitute for Bible doctrine.  The literal translation of the last half of verse two should be translated, “You have magnified Your word above and beyond Your person.”  Two names were given to our Lord’s humanity, Mt 1:21, 23 (quoted from Isa 7:14), “Jesus” which means “Savior” and “Immanuel” which means “God with us” a title of His hypostatic union.  Our Lord magnified His word above His name by staying with the prototype spiritual life.
(b)  Our Lord used the word of God in His humanity all of His life to handle the problems, difficulties, and temptations of life.  He did not solve problems through miracles.  He did solve problems through His human nature.  He solved problems through the prototype spiritual life in His human nature.  He solved problems through the word of God.
i.  The power that won each battle against Satan came from the humanity of our Lord Jesus Christ and is mentioned in the phrase, “You have magnified Your word above and beyond Your person.”
ii.  The prototype spiritual life functioned only in the humanity of Jesus Christ in hypostatic union.  Every temptation was designed to get Jesus Christ to abandon and ignore the prototype spiritual life and go for emotional and instant solutions.
iii.  In that prototype spiritual life, Jesus applied Bible doctrine through the filling of the Spirit.  He had the Bible doctrine in His soul.
iv.  In this testing, Jesus did not solve the problem with miracles from His deity.  Instead He magnified His word above His name and solved the problem from His human nature.
v.  Jesus Christ rejected performing a miracle as the solution to His problem of hunger.  Miracles are not a part of the spiritual life, but the spiritual life ia a day-by-day perception and application of Bible doctrine.  Miracles are not a function of the will of man but the will of God.  Miracles are not a problem solving device of the prototype spiritual life or the operational type spiritual life.
vi.  Jesus Christ established a precedence for all time–miracles are not a part of your spiritual life, but a separate function of the sovereignty of God in compatibility with the divine purpose and plan for specific believers.
(c)  You cannot have a passion for the word of God and live outside of its boundaries (sin, human good, and evil).  If you have a passion for the word of God you will live inside of its boundaries.  To establish the values of the spiritual life, Bible doctrine must become more important to you than you are to yourself.  To live the spiritual life, Bible doctrine must be more important than you are.  Under the prototype spiritual life, the humanity of Jesus Christ magnified His word above His name.  Under the operational spiritual life, the Church Age believer has the opportunity of magnifying Bible doctrine above his person.  Only a passion for doctrine will destroy and eliminate a mean-spirited and arrogant soul, that is, pettiness.  The human nature of Jesus Christ in hypostatic union rejected all temptations to pettiness.
(d)  What is this word that our Lord has magnified above His person?  We find it in 1 Cor 2:16, “For who has known the thinking of the Lord that we should instruct Him?  We have the thinking of Christ.”  The thinking of the person of Christ in hypostatic union is magnified above His person.  His thinking is in writing in the canon of the New Testament.
(e)  The fact that the Hebrew word SHEM, which is translated “name” refers to the “person” of Christ can be seen in Phil 2:5-11, “Keep on having this mental attitude within yourselves which was also resident in Christ Jesus, who, though He existed in the essence of God, He did not think equality with God a gain to be seized, but laid aside His privileges, taking the form of a servant, having come to be in the likeness of men.  And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross.  Therefore also, God has highly exalted Him, and gave Him a name which is above every name [the name “Jesus” which was given at the virgin birth, Mt 1:21], that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow of those who are in heaven [the Church in heaven] both on earth [believers alive on the earth at the Rapture–”this mortal shall take on immortality”] and under the earth [believers who died before the Rapture–”corruption taking on incorruption”], then every tongue will openly acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”
(f)  No one ever succeeds in the spiritual life until Bible doctrine is more important than they are.  This is the essential quality of humility.  Bible doctrine has to be more important than we are.  There has to be something in this life that can knock the arrogance out of us, something that we will respect more than anything else in life.  For the believer in Christ that thing must be Bible doctrine.  If Bible doctrine is not more important than you are and anything in your life, then you do not have the right scale of values.  If Bible doctrine is more important, then you have the greatest capacity for love and are qualified to be a husband, wife, or friend.
(g)  The sum total of your spiritual life is the sum total of your attitude of worship.  You have the equal opportunity with all believers to actually magnify the word of God above your person–Bible doctrine becomes more important than you are.
(h)  Jesus Christ established for all time the values related to our spiritual life, which is different from and greater than any spiritual life in the Old Testament or in the future.  He established the principle that Bible doctrine is more important than we are.  Bible doctrine was more important than His human nature.
(8)  The after battle report of the encounter between the humanity of our Lord and Satan concludes that no believer is ever to attack Satan.  We are to stay on the defensive against Satan.  Our Lord did not destroy Satan as He so easily could have, but magnified the word of God above and beyond His person.  Satan assumed that the human nature of Christ was vulnerable to attack.  Satan attempted to attack the prototype spiritual life with a spurious miracle to put an end to human history and his appeal trial.  The spurious miracle was designed to cause the human nature of Christ to abandon the prototype spiritual life and switch to His divine nature.  Succumbing to such temptation would cause the human nature of Christ to by-pass the filling of the Spirit and reject problem solving devices and apply doctrine to the situation.  Miracles are not a solution to any problem in life.  The same attack to by-pass doctrine as a solution is made every day to any believer who shows an interest in Bible doctrine.  It is metabolized Bible doctrine circulating in your stream of consciousness through the filling of the Holy Spirit that turns Bible doctrine into the only dynamic power of defensive action against Satan authorized by God.
(9)  2 Cor 12:8ff, Paul made the mistake of asking for a miracle as a problem solving device three times to get rid of the thorn in the flesh.  God’s answer was, “My grace [grace orientation as a problem solving device] has been and still is sufficient for you.  My power [Bible doctrine] is made operational in the status of weakness.”  The divine solution (Bible doctrine and the problem solving devices) is the only solution.  The human solution is no solution.  Divine solutions are the only solutions and greater than any human solution.  The divine solution is the function of the prototype spiritual life in the human nature of Christ in the dispensation of the hypostatic union and the operational spiritual life in the dispensation of the Church Age.  Asking for miracles is denying the power of your very own spiritual life.
d.  The second temptation–to act independently of Bible doctrine in the soul, Mt 4:5-7, “Then the devil took Him into the holy city and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, ‘If You are the Son of God [and You are], throw Yourself down; for it is written, “He will command His angels concerning You”; and “On their hands they will bear You up, so that You will not strike Your foot against a stone.”’  Jesus said to him, ‘On the other hand, it is written, “You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.”’”
(1)  Introduction.
(a)  This is a temptation to jump 450 feet into the Kidron valley from the highest point of Herod’s temple.  This was certain death for the humanity of Christ unless He used the power of His divine nature to give Himself a safe landing.  Satan suggested that this would be very impressive to people.
(b)  This was a temptation to reject the doctrine of kenosis, to act independently of the filling of the Holy Spirit, and to act independently of the Bible doctrine in His soul.  Satan found a Scripture that He thought would persuade Jesus Christ, but he had to leave out one line.  This temptation was designed to misinterpret Ps 91:11-12 and by-pass the second power option of the prototype spiritual life–metabolized doctrine circulating in the stream of consciousness.
(c)  In both the first and second temptations, the issue was would the divine nature of Jesus Christ set aside the function of His human nature in the utilization of the power options in favor of two miracles performed by our Lord’s divine power.  Both temptations were designed to set aside the two power options of the prototype spiritual life and substitute two miracles from the divine nature of Jesus Christ in hypostatic union.
(d)  If Jesus fails either test, the purpose of the incarnation would be defeated.  There would be no salvation, no unique spiritual life, no resurrection.  Furthermore, there would be neither kenosis or impeccability of Jesus Christ in hypostatic union.
(e)  Everything in human history depended on the humanity of Christ facing the realities of these temptations and passing them, so that we could follow Him to the high ground of maximum glorification of God.
(f)  During the dispensation of the hypostatic union, our Lord Jesus Christ voluntarily restricted the independent use of His divine attributes in compliance with the Father’s plan for the incarnation and in compatibility with His own objectives of testing and proving the validity of the prototype spiritual life.
(g)  In the fulfillment of the prototype spiritual life of our Lord, He did not use His own divine attributes in the execution of the prototype spiritual life to benefit Himself, to provide for Himself, or to glorify Himself.  Therefore, in the performance of certain miracles, Jesus Christ relied on the power of God the Holy Spirit when the miracles were related to His humanity, Mt 12:28; Lk 4:14-18.  In other miracles to establish His identity as Messiah and to fulfill certain signs of His Messiahship, He performed miracles from His deity (for example, He turned water into wine, Jn 2:1-11).  This was a legitimate use of His divine nature that did not contradict or conflict with the prototype spiritual life used by His human nature.
(2)  Satan in his arrogance attempts to bully our Lord into showing off His deity.  Arrogance always tries to bully others.
15.  Our Lord’s true humanity in hypostatic union depended on two categories of divine power for the execution of the Father’s plan.
a.  The omnipotence of God the Father related to logistical grace support.
b.  The omnipotence of God the Holy Spirit related to the prototype spiritual life.
16.  Phil 2:7, “He laid aside his privileges taking the form of a servant, having come to be in the likeness of mankind.”
17.  Heb 9:13-14 teaches how the humanity of Christ was sustained on the cross.  “For if the blood of goats and bulls [soteriology in ritual plan of God for Israel] and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling those who have been defiled [rebound offering in ritual plan of God for Israel], sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, how much more will the blood of Christ [saving work of Christ on the cross], who through the eternal Spirit [omnipotence of the Holy Spirit inside the prototype spiritual life sustaining humanity of Christ on the cross as a part of the great power experiment of the hypostatic union] offered Himself without blemish to God [perpetuation of impeccability of Christ inside the prototype spiritual life during His substitutionary spiritual death], cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?”
18.  There are two reasons why our Lord Jesus Christ endured the judgment for our sins on the cross.
a.  The utilization of the filling of the Holy Spirit, Heb 9:14.
b.  The use of the problem solving devices, especially the happiness of God, Heb 12:2.
c.  The same power that sustained Jesus Christ on the cross is now available to every Church Age believer, but only inside the operational-type spiritual life.  The dispensation of the hypostatic union sets the precedence for the Church Age.
d.  The same perfect happiness as a problem solving device that sustained Jesus Christ on the cross now belongs to every Church Age believer who attains the three stages of spiritual adulthood.  Sharing the happiness of God is, along with occupation with Christ, the ultimate in problem solving devices.
19.  The greatest testing of the prototype spiritual life occurred at the Cross.

M.  The Impeccability of Jesus Christ During the Hypostatic Union.
1.  The humanity of Christ in hypostatic union used the prototype spiritual life functioning in His human nature.  The deity of Christ did not prevent His humanity from sinning.  Our Lord depended upon His spiritual life in His humanity.  He depended upon what the deity of God the Father and God the Holy Spirit did for Him, but He never depended upon His divine nature.  The attributes of deity never stepped over the line to help His humanity.
a.  Heb 4:15, “For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things in the same way as we have, yet without sin.”  Our Lord was under attack in His human nature and used the power of His spiritual life in His humanity to resist all temptation.  The impeccability of Christ is eternal but the testing of Christ only occurred in the dispensation of the hypostatic union and only against the human nature.  God cannot be tempted.  Deity does not come to the rescue of the humanity of Christ in hypostatic union; yet, the human nature of Christ was the target of all the forces of hell.
b.  Heb 2:18, “For since He Himself was tempted in what He had suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are being tempted.”  Our Lord comes to the aid of those who are being tempted through the function of the unique spiritual life of the Church Age, not through prayer.  The human nature of Jesus in hypostatic union came to the aid of all Church Age believers by using the prototype spiritual life and proving that it works and then providing it for us.
c.  The human nature of Christ in hypostatic union was the target of the greatest temptations in history.  The attributes of the divine nature could not be transferred to the human nature of Christ to help the human nature resist temptation.  The human nature had to depend entirely on the plan of God the Father and the power of God the Holy Spirit.
d.  Heb 12:3, “Think about Jesus who has endured such hostility of sinners against Himself that you may not be worn out, fainting in your souls.”  These temptations were directed toward wearing Him down so He would faint in His soul and sin.  But He did not.
2.  Jesus Christ remained impeccable though His humanity was temptable.  He did not once sin or yield to a temptation, though He was tempted in every area.
3.  The doctrine of impeccability states that our Lord in hypostatic union did not sin during the incarnation.
4.  Two Latin phrases summarize the doctrine of impeccability related to our Lord Jesus Christ.
a.  Jesus Christ is said to be “non posse peccare,” meaning, “not able to sin.”  This refers to the deity of Christ.  As God, Jesus Christ is not able to sin.  It’s blasphemous and unthinkable to associate temptation or sin with infinite and holy God.  Jam 1:13, “Let no man say when he is tempted, ‘I am tempted by God,’ for God cannot be tempted with evil nor does He tempt anyone.”
b.  Jesus Christ is said to be “posse non peccare,” meaning, “able not to sin.”  This refers to the humanity of Christ inside the prototype spiritual life.  As true humanity, Jesus Christ was able not to sin because He continued to reside inside the prototype spiritual life.
5.  Though the humanity of Christ was tempted in all ways that we are tempted and far beyond any temptation we have ever experienced, He remained perfect; He did not sin.
6.  The reason for our Lord’s continued perfection in His humanity was the residence of the humanity of Christ in the prototype spiritual life under the enabling power of the Holy Spirit.
7.  Because of the virgin pregnancy followed by the virgin birth, our Lord’s humanity did not possess a genetically-formed old sin nature.  At the point of the virgin birth, there was no imputation of Adam’s original sin.
8.  Our Lord’s humanity was born into the prototype spiritual life.  Therefore, all His temptations came from outside of Himself, like our original parents in the Garden; they did not come from within because He did not have a sin nature.  Heb 4:15, “He was tempted in every way just as we are tempted, yet without sin.”
9.  The humanity of Christ was both temptable and peccable; i.e., He had the ability to sin because His humanity had volition.
10.  The deity of Christ was neither temptable nor peccable; therefore, He was impeccable.
11.  In hypostatic union, our Lord was tempted in His humanity, but He remained impeccable from the standpoint of the hypostatic union.
a.  As eternal, infinite, and holy God, Jesus Christ is not able to sin.  As true humanity inside the prototype spiritual life, under the omnipotence of the Holy Spirit, He was able not to sin, though He was tempted far beyond anything we’ve ever known.
b.  The human nature of Christ was temptable; the divine nature of Christ was not temptable.  Temptability does not mean susceptibility.
c.  While our Lord’s temptations were real, He had infinite power to resist all temptations, both from His deity and from the omnipotence of the Holy Spirit inside the spiritual life.
d.  Our Lord’s temptations were real, but the power of resistance was so great that He remained in a state of perfection.  In theology, we call this impeccability.
e.  By way of illustration, a piece of copper wire can be bent and broken.  But if the piece of copper wire is welded to a steel bar, it cannot be bent or broken.  By analogy, the humanity of Jesus Christ is the copper wire; His deity is the steel bar.  The combination of the two means He did not sin.  So because of the hypostatic union, Jesus Christ was able to resist all sin.
f.  By His reliance on the omnipotence of the Holy Spirit inside the spiritual life, Jesus Christ set a precedence for us in the Church Age.  Inside the spiritual life, you do not have to say “yes” to sin.  If you stand fast, you can overcome that temptation.
12.  Impeccability qualified our Lord to become a lamb without spot and without blemish.  Therefore, He could go to the cross and be judged for the sins of the world.  He became “the lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world.”
13.  Many verses document our Lord’s impeccability.
a.  Speaking of our Lord during the great power experiment of the hypostatic union, 1 Pet 2:22 says “He committed no sin, nor was any deceit found in His mouth.”  1 Pet 2:24 says, “He carried our sins in His own body on the cross.”
b.  Our Lord remained impeccable during the entire course of the great power experiment of the hypostatic union.  1 Jn 3:5, “Indeed, you know that He was revealed [incarnation] in order that He might carry our sins.  In fact, sin was not in Him.”
c.  Heb 7:26 describes our Lord in His humanity.  “Holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens.”
14.  The impeccability of Jesus Christ in the great power experiment of the hypostatic union is based on three factors.
a.  The deity of Christ is not temptable and is impeccable.
b.  The humanity of Christ inside the spiritual life is temptable, but is able to resist the temptation and not sin, and therefore remain impeccable.
c.  The person of Christ in hypostatic union is temptable but impeccable.  This qualifies the humanity of Christ to be judged for our sins on the cross.
15.  Impeccability must precede the doctrine of reconciliation.  There would be no salvation through faith in Christ were it not for the fact that Jesus Christ remained impeccable when He was judged on the cross.  Apart from the impeccability of Christ, there could be no removal of the barrier between God and man in the doctrine of reconciliation.
16.  Jesus Christ in hypostatic union is like an unconquerable nation.  It can be attacked but never defeated.
17.  Impeccability qualified our Lord to become an offering for us.  2 Cor 5:21, “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin as a substitute for us, that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.”  Our Lord would never be a sinner by His own volition, so He had to be made sin by imputation from God the Father.
18.  The impeccability of Christ is the basis for the strategic victory of the dispensation of the hypostatic union.  Heb 2:14, “Since, therefore, homo sapiens have blood and flesh, He Himself likewise partook of the same [humanity of Christ], that through death [substitutionary spiritual death on the cross] He might render powerless the devil who had the power [rulership of the world] by means of [real spiritual] death.”

N.  The Unique Spiritual Death of our Lord Jesus Christ.  See the Doctrine of the Substitutionary Spiritual Death of Jesus Christ.

O.  The False Interpretation of the Hypostatic Union:  Gnosticism.
Gnosticism implies that the deity of Christ is possessed by the humanity of Christ or indwelt the humanity of Christ, saying that the union is only harmony or sympathy.  In truth, the union is personal.  The two natures have been combined into one essence which is personal and eternal.