Doctrine of Honor

February 13, 2012

The Doctrine of Honor
I. Definition and Description
II. Vocabulary
III. Documentation
IV. 4 Divine Institutions
V. The Lord Jesus Christ
VI. Human Authority
VII. Biblical Authority
VIII. Pastoral Authority
IX. Royal Family Honor Code
X. Rewards
I. Definition and Description
A. Webster’s New Universal Unabridged Dictionary has the following definitions for the noun honor:

1. High public esteem; fame, glory
2. Honesty or integrity in one’s beliefs and actions
3. A source of credit or distinction
4. High respect, as for worth, merit, or rank
5. Such respect manifested
6. The privilege of being associated with or receiving a favor from a respected person, group, organization
7. Evidence, as a decoration, scroll, or title, of high rank, dignity, or distinction.

B. The believer is to honor all legitimate authority in life since all authority originates from God.
C. Those who reject authority will be discipline and those who obey and honor authority will be blessed.
D. The believer honors the Lord Jesus Christ Who is the living Word of God by honoring the communication of the written Word of God.
E. Those who honor the written Word of God are those who apply it in their lives.
F. The Scriptures command believers to honor both God and men.
G. Honoring both God and man demands that the believer functions according to virtue-love.
H. Honoring the Lord is composed of unconditional, personal love for God the Father and occupation with Christ under the guidance and direction of God the Holy Spirit as motivational virtue.
I. Honoring men is composed of impersonal, unconditional, self-sacrificial love for all mankind as functional virtue.
J. Therefore, honoring God and man is one of the essentials of the Christian way of life.
K. Those who honor God will be honored by God.

II. Vocabulary
A. The adjective entimos has the following cognates:

1. Time (timhv) (noun), “price, value, honor, reputation, recognition, respect.”
2. Timao (timavw) (verb), “to set a price on, value, honor, regard, respect.”
3. Atimazo (a)timavzw) (verb), “to dishonor, treat shamefully or with disrespect.”
4. Atimia (a)timiva) (noun), “dishonor, disgrace, shame.”
5. Atimos (a&timo$) (adjective), “without honor, dishonored, despised, disrespected, without value.”
6. Atimoo (a)timovw) (verb), “dishonor, disgrace, be insulted, be disgraced.”
7. Barutimos (baruvtimo$) (adjective), “very expensive, precious, of great price.”
8. Epitmao (e)pitimavw) (verb), “rebuke, censure, warn, admonish.”

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9. Isotimos (i)sovtimo$) (adjective), “equal in honor or value, equally precious.”
10. Polutimos (poluvtimo$) (adjective), “valuable, precious, very costly.”
11. Timios (tivmio$) (adjective), “precious, costly, esteemed, respected.”
12. Timiotes (timiovth$) (noun), “preciousness, costliness.”
13. Timoreo (timwrevw) (verb), “to avenge, to punish, to have someone.”
14. Philotimeomai (filotimevomai) (verb), “to have as one’s ambition, aim, aspire, to love.”

B. Classical Usage

1. The adjective entimos is from the noun time (timhv), “honor, respect, value.”
2. The noun time was used in classical literature from the Iliad onward.
3. It had 3 basic meanings:
a. Of people: worship, esteem, honor
b. Of things: worth, value, price
c. Compensation, satisfaction, penalty
4. Sverre Aslen makes the following comment regarding the noun’s classical usage, he writes, “In Greek thought time is the proper recognition which a man enjoys in the community because of his office, position, wealth etc., and then the position itself the office with its dignity and privileges. The time of a person, state or deity must be distinguished from that of another. It is a personal possession. Slaves had no time” (NIDNTT, volume 2, pages 48-49).
5. In classical literature time denoted the following:
a. Legal: appraisal, compensation, penalty, satisfaction” (Homer Iliad 1.159; 3.286, 288, 459; 5.552; Odyssey 22.57).
b. Value: honor usually ascribed to an exalted personage, regard, or respect paid to another (Xenophon Mem. 2.1.33).
c. Honorary office, office (Herodotus 1.59.6), honorary and state officials (Plato Resp. VIII, 549c; Xenophon Cyrop. 1.2.15); also used to denote a king’s prerogatives (Homer Odyssey 1.117).
d. Dignity and the related authority such as divine (Homer Odyssey 5.335; Iliad 9.498; 15.189, or royal Iliad 1.278; 2.197; 6.193).
e. Honorarium (Diog. L. V, 72).
f. Honors, distinctions, awards (Homer Iliad 1.510; 4.410; 9.608; Plato Leg. I, 632b).
g. Worship of God (Euripides Ba. 342, cf. Aeschylus Choeph. 200; Euripides Heracl. 903; Aristophanes Pl. 93).
h. Evaluation of a matter, value, price (Plato Leg. XI, 914c).
6. Similarly, its cognate verb timao denoted the following:
a. To assess an offence, to fix the penalty due (Plato Gorg. 516a; cf. Leg. VIII 843b; IX. 879b, 880c; Aristophanes Vesp. 106).
b. Actively: to value, to show honor (Homer Odyssey 14.203; 15.365; Aeschylus Suppl. 115; Xenophon An. I, 9, 14; V, 8, 25); passively: to be deemed worthy of honor (Homer Iliad, personages.
c. To make a present, to reward (Xenophon An. VII, 3, 29); to distinguish and confer an award (Xenophon Cyrop. III, 2, 28).
d. To appraise, to tax, to rate, to fix the value or price (Thucydides III, 40, 7; IV, 26, 7).
7. Johannes Schneider composed the following regarding the concept of honor, he writes, “Time has in the first instance a strong material orientation. Odysseus’ honor is inseparably bound up with the restoration of control of his possessions, Hom. Od. 1, 117. Achilles’ honor is functionally dependent on the number of gifts brought to him to persuade him to take part in the battle Il. 9, 605. Here bodily soundness, the undisputed exercise of social influence and unfringed enjoyment of one’s property are the basis of esteem. Later the noun is used in a more strongly ethical context. A certain type of moral conduct is prerequisite for the esteem a man enjoys. Gradually time detaches itself from real possessions and becomes an abstract concept of honor. That the original elements in the meaning of the word were never wholly lost can be seen in the fact that in the koine time can mean both ‘honor’ and ‘price.’ If in the early Greek period honor as esteem by society on account of concrete circumstances was one of the highest values among the nobility

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of the 8th century B.C. (Hom.) in the city state, esp. Sparta and Athens, the honor of the individual was also that of the polis. When under the influence of Sophism the individual came to be increasingly detached from the polis the concept of honor became much more individualistic, especially in Isocrates. But Plato was the first to establish the personal ethical element in honor, or ‘inward honor,’ though without absolutely rejecting ‘outward honor’ (the distinctions accorded a man by the world around). In relation to this wise moderation is to be commended. Plato, then, finally anchored honor in the moral person. The most significant attempt to provide a scientifically grounded ethics of honor was that made by Aristotle. The discussion in Eth. Nic. IV, 7, p. 1123b, in which he speaks of megalophuchia, is basic here. The high-minded man must be virtuous, for there is no honor without virtue. He thus possesses honor on the basis of inner worth. By reason of his arete honor is then shown him from without, by his fellow-citizens. If at bottom the high-minded man can only give himself the honor worthy of his virtue, he is in the last analysis above ‘outward honor.’ But there is no honor worthy of perfect virtue. In the Aristotle concept of honor, there is thus a strong individualistic concept of honor to its full development. In it ‘inward honor,’ the sense of one’s worth, is decisive. Stoic philosophy was not against every kind of outward honor, but the wise man is relaxed in relation to it; he does not chase it and can do without it. This attitude corresponds to the inner freedom, which rules his thought. From the various standpoints the teaching of honor was of great importance among the Greeks and Romans” (TDNT, volume 8, pages 170-171).
8. The adjective entimos had 2 basic usages:
a. Persons: in honor, honored, men of high rank
b. Things: what is honored, ordinances, attributes, in honor
9. The word is commonly used in the papyri to describe military veterans who were discharged with honor.
10. It often appears as a substantive denoting men of high rank or office.

C. LXX Usage
1. The adjective entimos occurs 29 times in the LXX, of which 20 are canonical.
2. The word is used to describe distinguished men in the client nation of Israel (Nm. 22:15).
3. It is ascribed to the Jewish aristocracy, the nobility in the client nation of Israel (Ne. 2:16; 4:14, 19; 5:7, 17; 6:17; 7:5).
4. Entimos is applied to the Person or reputation of the Lord (De. 28:58).
5. The word refers to objects that are precious (Jb. 28:10).
6. It is also used of princes or rulers whom the Lord shows no partiality in judging with those under their rule (Jb. 34:19).
7. The word is used to describe the lives of those who are precious in the Lord’s sight (Ps. 72:14).
8. Isaiah ascribes the word to those who are honorable (Is. 3:5).
9. Interestingly enough the noun time is seldom ascribed to the Lord’s honor but rather it serves to describe the honor of men.
10. Isaiah does ascribe the adjective in prophecy to the impeccable humanity of Christ in hypostatic union, Whom he terms “precious” as the Chief Cornerstone (Is. 28:16).
11. The adjective like the noun is rarely applied to the Lord in the LXX.
12. The adjective entimos is used to translate the following Hebrew terms:

a. `Acher (rta), “others” (Neh. 5:5).
b. Chor (rt), “nobles” (Neh. 2:16; 5:7; 7:5).
c. Yaqar (rqy), “be precious” (1 Sm. 26:21; Is. 43:4).
d. Yaqar (rqy), “precious” (Is. 28;16).
e. Kavedh (rbK), niphal: “honorable” (Dt. 28:58; Is. 3:5).
f. Sar (rc), “princes” (Jb. 34:19).

D. Philo and Josephus

1. Both Philo and Josephus utilize the noun time and the verb timao.
2. Philo ascribes the word to God as well as parents who are worthy of honor and respect, the former because He is the Creator of all things, the latter on the basis of the commandment.

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3. He also uses the word to describe the elderly who are worthy of highest honor.
4. Philo employs the word to describe the temple.
5. He also uses the word in the sense of dignity.
6. The word often means price, tax-rate and assessment in his writings.
7. He often uses the word of both inward and outward values of a person.
8. Josephus employs the noun in the sense of honor, honoring of prominent individuals and not infrequently with gifts, titles or possessions such as honoring the position of authority held by Caesar.
9. The word is used in his writings of the honor shown to God or the veneration of God.
10. It is also ascribed to the dignity of the high priest in the client nation of Israel.
11. He also uses the word in the sense of distinction, recognition, the price for land.
12. It is appears in his writings of individuals who are held in honor or are to be highly honored or respected.

E. NT Usage
1. The adjective entimos occurs only 5 times in the NT (Lk. 7:2; 14:8; Phlp. 2:29; 1 Pt. 2:4, 6).
2. The word is used by Peter who quotes Isaiah 28:16.
3. It is used by Luke to describe the highly regarded slave of the noble centurion (Lk. 7:2).
4. Luke employs the word again in 14:8 and attributes it to the Lord who uses it to describe the place of honor at a wedding feast.
5. The noun time appears 43 times in the NT has the following meanings:

a. Honor
b. Esteem, dignity, recognition
c. Honorarium
d. Eternal value (Col. 2:23)
e. Doxologically of the Lord
f. Value, price
6. The verb timao occurs 21 times in the NT and has 2 basic meanings:
a. To honor
b. To value
7. Generally time represents the recognition of the dignity of an office or position of authority in society.
8. The following are examples:
a. Civil authorities (Rm. 13:7; 1 Pt. 2:17).
b. Slave owners (1 Tm. 6:1).
c. Wives (1 Pt. 3:7).
d. Physical bodies of believers (1 Th. 4:4).
e. Service in the local assembly (1 Cor. 12:23-24).
f. Honor of a position of authority bestowed on believer by God (Hb. 5:4).
g. Honor of the Lord Jesus Christ as God, sovereign ruler (1 Tm. 1:17; 6:16; Rv. 4:11).
9. Bauer, Gingrich and Danker list the following usages and meanings of the adjective entimos (A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature page 821):
a. Honored, respected of rank distinguished; for one’s qualities esteemed, highly honored.
b. Valuable, precious
10. The New Thayer’s Greek Lexicon list the following meanings (page 218):
a. Held in honor, prized, hence precious
b. Honorable, noble
c. To hold one dear or in honor, to value highly
11. Moulton lists the following meanings (The Analytical Greek Lexicon Revised, page 142):
a. Honored, estimable, dear
b. Highly-valued, precious, costly
12. The Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament states that the word in the NT means honored, esteemed, precious (volume 1, pages 458-459).

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13. Louw and Nida list the following meanings (A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains, volume 2):
a. Pertaining to being of considerable value or worth – ‘valuable, precious’ (page 620).
b. Pertaining to high status, involving both honor and respect – ‘honored, respected’ (page 734).

III. Documentation
A. Old Testament
1. Gen 4:4
2. Gen 4:5
3. Exod 9:21
4. Exod 8:9
5. Exod 20:12
6. Lev 19:32
7. Num 22:17
8. Num 22:37
9. Num 24:11
10. Num 24:11
11. Deut 5:16
12. Deut 26:19
13. Judg 4:9
14. Judg 13:17
15. 1 Sam 2:8
16. 1 Sam 2:29
17. 1 Sam 2:30
18. 1 Sam 2:30
19. 1 Sam 9:6
20. 1 Sam 15:30
21. IKing 3:13
22. 1 Chr 17:18
23. 1 Chr 29:12
24. 1 Chr 29:28
25. 2 Chr 1:11
26. 2 Chr 1:11
27. 2 Chr 1:12
28. 2 Chr 17:5
29. 2 Chr 18:1
30. 2 Chr 26:18
31. 2 Chr 32:27
32. Esth 1:20
33. Esth 6:3
34. Esth 6:6
35. Esth 6:6
36. Esth 6:7
37. Esth 6:9
38. Esth 6:9
39. Esth 6:11
40. Esth 8:16
41. Job 14:21
42. Job 19:9
43. Job 30:15
44. Job 40:10

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45. Ps 4:2
46. Ps 50:15
47. Ps 91:15
48. Ps 91:15
49. Ps 112:9
50. Ps 149:9
51. Job 34:27
52. Ps 28:5
53. Ps 119:15
54. Ps 119:128
55. Isa 17:7
56. Prov 3:9
57. Prov 3:16
58. Prov 3:35
59. Prov 4:8
60. Prov 8:18
61. Prov 11:16
62. Prov 15:33
63. Prov 18:12
64. Prov 20:3
65. Prov 20:29
66. Prov 21:21
67. Prov 22:4
68. Prov 25:6
69. Prov 26:1
70. Prov 26:8
71. Prov 29:23
72. Eccl 6:2
73. Eccl 10:1
74. Isa 29:13
75. Isa 29:13
76. Isa 44:5
77. Isa 45:4
78. Isa 53:3
79. Isa 58:13
80. Jer 30:19
81. Lam 4:16
82. Dan 2:6
83. Dan 4:37
84. Dan 10:11
85. Dan 10:19
86. Dan 11:21
87. Dan 11:38
88. Dan 11:38
89. Dan 11:39
90. Hab 2:16
91. Zech 6:13
92. Mal 1:6
93. Mal 2:2
94. Mal 3:16
B. New Testament
1. Matt 13:57

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2. Matt 15:6
3. Matt 23:6
4. Mark 6:4
5. Mark 12:39
6. Luke 14:7
7. Luke 14:7
8. Luke 14:8
9. Luke 14:10
10. Luke 20:46
11. John 4:44
12. John 5:23
13. John 5:23
14. John 5:23
15. John 5:23
16. John 8:49
17. John 12:26
18. Acts 5:13
19. Rom 1:21
20. Rom 2:7
21. Rom 2:10
22. Rom 12:10
23. Rom 13:7
24. Rom 13:7
25. 1 Cor 12:23
26. 1 Cor 12:24
27. Phil 2:3
28. Phil 2:29
29. 1Thes 5:13
30. 1Thes 4:4
31. 1 Tim 1:17
32. 1 Tim 1:17
33. 1 Tim 5:3
34. 1 Tim 5:17
35. 1 Tim 6:1
36. 1 Tim 6:16
37. 2 Tim 2:20
38. 2 Tim 2:21
39. Heb 2:9
40. Heb 3:3
41. Heb 5:4
42. Heb 13:4
43. 1 Pet 1:7
44. 1 Pet 2:17
45. 1 Pet 2:17
46. 1 Pet 3:7
47. 2 Pet 1:17
48. Rev 4:9
49. Rev 4:11
50. Rev 5:12
51. Rev 5:13
52. Rev 7:12
53. Rev 21:26

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IV. 4 Divine Institutions
A. Both the believer and unbeliever are to honor the authority of the 4 divine institutions.
B. The Scriptures teach that those who do not honor the authority of these 4 institutions ordained by God will be punished.
C. Yet at the same time they also teach that those who honor the authority of these institutions will be blessed by God whether believer or unbeliever.
D. There are 4 institutions designed by God for the protection of the human race:

1. Volition over the human soul.
2. Husbands over the wife.
3. Parents over the children.
4. Government over the citizens.

E. There are 4 divine institutions designed for both believers and unbelievers alike, which sustain and perpetuate the human race:

1. Volition (Gen. 2:15-17)
2. Marriage (Gen. 2:18-24)
3. Family (Gen. 4:1)
4. Nationalism (9:6-7; 11:8-9)

F. God has created four great walls to protect people.

1. A wall is used for defense and protection.
2. Four walls equals a room and a room gives an individual privacy.
3. A loss of the room means a loss of privacy and protection.
4. A loss of privacy and protection for the individual means that one of walls has been broken down.
5. God has created four great walls to give us “room” to live our lives in peace.

G. Volition

1. God has created free will.
2. God has given each person his or her own free will.
3. Each person has authority over their own soul.
4. You can make your own choices with no one else interfering.
5. We are given the freedom to make our own choices in life.

H. Marriage

1. God has created marriage.
2. God has given the husband authority over his wife in marriage.
3. Marriage protects the man and the woman.

I. Parents

1. God has created the family.
2. God has given parents authority over their children
3. This is to protect the children
4. God has created the idea of love of one’s own country (patriotism)

J. Government

1. God has given government (kings, presidents etc.) as authority over nations.
2. This is to protect the citizens of a nation.

K. Destruction of the Walls

1. People’s lives will not work right if any of these walls falls down that god has created for us.
2. If your free will is taken away from you, you will have lost your freedom to make your own decisions in life.
3. If the man’s authority in the marriage is taken away, marriage will fall apart and both men and women will lose their protection which marriage provides for them.
4. If the parent’s authority over the children is taken away, the children are left unprotected and are in danger.

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5. If the authority of the government is not respected and if the government stops, the individuals in that nation are left unprotected and are in great danger of another nation invading and taking away their freedom.
6. A disrespect of authority will lead to loss of freedom in society.
7. A disrespect of authority will lead to danger and people will live in fear
8. Authority is your friend. Why? Authority protects us as individuals in a society.

L. Under Establishment Principles, human freedom is defined in terms of privacy, sacredness of property, sacredness of life.
M. Freedom whether in the spiritual or natural realm demands the use of authority.
N. Freedom without authority is anarchy.
O. Authority precedes freedom and without freedom there is tyranny.
P. Where there is freedom, there is inequality.
Q. Where human volition has freedom in a nation, there will always be inequality.
R. Freedom demands free enterprise and there must be freedom through military victory.
S. Establishment principles are for both believer and unbelievers in a nation.
T. Establishment means “privacy, freedom, sacredness of property and life.”
U. The unbeliever manifests his humility by submitting to legitimate authority in life.
V. Human government has been established by God in order to protect the freedom, the privacy, the property and the lives of individuals in a nation.
W. The Laws of Divine Establishment enable both the believer and the unbeliever the freedom to make their own decisions without interference from others.
X. The murder of an individual is a violation of a person’s volition, divine institution number 1.
Y. Human government has been established by God in order to practice capital punishment as a means of punishing the criminal.
Z. It is to offer protection to those who respect the laws of divine establishment.

V. Christ’s Authority
A. The believer is the honor the authority that the Lord Jesus Christ has over the royal family of God whom the Scriptures metaphorically describe as His soma, “body.”
B. Those who honor Christ in reality are honoring the Father; therefore, those who dishonor the Son in reality are dishonoring the Father Who sent Him into the world.
C. An individual honors Christ by believing in Him for eternal salvation, and thus in turn honors the Father Who sent Him into the world.
D. John 5:23, “so that all will honor the Son even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.”
E. The believer honors the Lord Jesus Christ and the Father when he executes the plan of God for the church age.
F. John 12:26, “If anyone serves Me, he must follow Me; and where I am, there My servant will be also; if anyone serves Me, the Father will honor him.”
G. Rev 5:13, “And every created thing which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and on the sea, and all things in them, I heard saying, “To Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, {be} blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.”
H. The believer is to honor the Lord Jesus Christ Who is the living Word of God by learning and applying the written Word of God, the mind of Christ (1 Co. 2:16).
I. They are also to honor Him by honoring all authority in life whether civil or spiritual.
J. The Lord Jesus Christ exercises authority in 3 categories:

1. Creation
2. Israel
3. Church

K. He has authority over the angels and human beings.

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L. Philippians 2:5-11, “Everyone keep on thinking this (according to humility) within yourselves, which was also in (the mind of) Christ Jesus, Who (Christ Jesus) although existing from eternity past in the essence of God, He (Christ Jesus) never regarded existing equally in essence with God an exploitable asset. On the contrary, He denied Himself of the independent function of His deity by having assumed the essence of a slave when He was born in the likeness of men. In fact, although He was discovered in outward appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by having entered into obedience to the point of spiritual death even death on a Cross. For this very reason in fact God the Father has promoted Him to the highest-ranking position and has awarded to Him the rank, which is superior to every rank. In order that in the sphere of this rank possessed by Jesus every person must bow: celestials and terrestrials and subterrestrials. Also, every person must publicly acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord for the glory of God the Father.”
M. Jesus Christ has been granted by God the Father ultimate authority in both heaven and on earth.
N. John 5:26-27, “For just as the Father has life in Himself, even so He (God the Father) gave to the Son also to have life in Himself; and He (God the Father) gave Him (Jesus Christ) authority to execute judgement, because He is the Son of Man.”
O. Colossians 2:10, “He (Jesus Christ) is the head over all rule and authority.”
P. When Jesus Christ rose from the dead, God the Father put the whole universe and everything in it under the rule of Jesus Christ.
Q. Ephesians 1:22, “And He (God the Father) put all things in subjection under His (Jesus Christ) feet, and gave Him (Jesus Christ) as head over all things to the church.”
R. Everything in the universe exists because of Jesus Christ.
S. Colossians 1:15-17, “And He (the Lord Jesus Christ) is the image of the invisible God (the exact representation of God), the first-born of all creation (the first one to rise from the dead). For by Him (Jesus Christ) all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities-all things have been created by Him and for Him. And He (Jesus Christ) is before all things (everything created in heaven and on earth), and in Him all things hold together.”
T. Colossians 2:10b says that the Lord Jesus Christ is “head over all rule and authority (exousias).”
U. 1 Peter 3:22 says that the Lord Jesus Christ “is at the right hand (this speaks of His right to power and authority) of God (the Father), having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities (exousian) had been subjected to Him (the Lord Jesus Christ).”
V. Jesus Christ’s obedience to His Father in heaven is an example to all of us to honor and obey authority.
W. God the Father said this about his Son, Jesus Christ, to the apostles, “This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well-pleased; listen to Him” (Matt. 17:5).
X. God the Father rewarded his Son for His obedience to his will.
Y. He obeyed the Father’s will as an “obedient Son” right to the death.
Z. Our Lord in the Garden of Gethsemane before His capture by His enemies said, “Father, if Thou art willing, remove this cup (separation from His Father, i.e. spiritual death) from Me; yet not My will, but Thine be done.”

VI. Human Authority
A. The believer is to honor all civil or human authority since it originates from the Lord Jesus Christ Who is God as Sovereign Ruler of the cosmos.
B. All world rulers receive their power from God.
C. To disobey authority is to disobey God.
D. Romans 13:1-7, “Let every person keep on being in voluntary submission to (government) authorities who are holding authority over them. For no (government) authority exists except from God, and those existing are established by God. Therefore, the one who establishes himself against the authority has rebelled with the result that they are in a state of rebellion with reference to the law of God. In fact, those who are in a state of rebellion shall receive judgement

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upon themselves. For the authorities are not a source of terror with reference to the good work (abiding by the law), but with reference to the evil (breaking the law). Now, do you desire not to be afraid of the authority? Keep on practicing the good (abiding by the laws of the government), and you will have praise from the same. For it (the government) is a servant of God to you (for your benefit) for the good (abiding by the law, submitting to legitimate authority). But, on the other hand, if you keep on practicing the evil (breaking the laws of a nation), be afraid. For not in vain it (the government) bears the sword (capital punishment). Indeed, it (the government) is a servant of God, an avenger for wrath (divine judgment) to the one who keeps on practicing the evil (anti-establishment behavior). Wherefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only because of wrath, but also for conscience sake. For because of this you (the believer) also pay taxes, for rulers are servants of God, devoting themselves to this very thing. Render to all what is due them: tax to tax; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.”
E. Titus 3:1, “Remind them (believers in Titus’ congregation) to be subject (hupotasso), to authorities, to be obedient, to be ready for every good deed.”
F. 1 Peter 2:13, “Submit (hupotasso) yourselves for the Lord’s sake to every human institution, whether to a king as the one in authority, or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right. For such is the will of God that by doing right you may silence the ignorance (no metabolized doctrine in the soul) of foolish men (unbelievers and negative believers).”

VII. Biblical Authority
A. The believer is commanded to honor the communication of the written Word of God.
B. The written Word of God is the mind of Christ (1 Co. 2:16).
C. The written Word of God is the supreme authority in the church today.
D. Specifically, the inspired original languages are the supreme authority in the church today.
E. The doctrine of inspiration contends that, God the Holy Spirit so supernaturally directed the human authors of Scripture, that without destroying their individuality, their literary style, their personal interests, their vocabulary, God’s complete and connected thought towards man was recorded with perfect accuracy in the original languages of Scripture.
F. The original languages of Scripture contain the very words of God, and therefore, bear the “authority” of divine authorship.
G. The original languages of Scripture contain the very words of God, and therefore, bear the authority of divine authorship.
H. The Bible in its original languages is the exact record, the mind and will of God.
I. The Bible is the Word of the Lord and not of men (Ex. 9:20; Num. 14:20; Isa. 16:13; Jer. 1:4; Hos. 1:1; Joel 1:1; Jonah 1:1; Micah 1:1; Zeph. 1:1; Hag. 2:10; Zech. 1:1; Mal. 1:1).
J. 2 Tim. 3:16-17 reveals that there are 4 categories of benefits from the Scriptures:

1. Doctrine: The Bible is the Mind of Christ, and therefore, divine viewpoint.
2. Reproof: The Bible tells us where we fail when we hear it.
3. Correction: The Bible tells us how to correct and solve our problems.
4. Instruction in righteousness: Involves the entire scope of the Gospel and demonstrates how God can take a sinner and make him righteous through the work of Christ.

VIII. Pastoral Authority
A. The believer is to honor the prepared man with the spiritual gift of pastor-teacher.
B. Acts 28:10, “And they also honored us with many marks of respect; and when we were setting sail, they supplied {us} with all we needed.”
C. 1 Cor 16:15-18, “Now I urge you, brethren (you know the household of Stephanas, that they were the first fruits of Achaia, and that they have devoted themselves for ministry to the saints), that you also be in subjection to such men and to everyone who helps in the work and labors. And I

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rejoice over the coming of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus; because they have supplied what was lacking on your part. For they have refreshed my spirit and yours. Therefore acknowledge such men.”
D. 1Thes 5:12-13, “But we request of you, brethren, that you appreciate those who diligently labor among you, and have charge over you in the Lord and give you instruction, and that you esteem them very highly in love because of their work. Live in peace with one another.”
E. 1 Tim 5:17, “Let the elders who rule well be considered worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard at preaching and teaching.”
F. Heb 13:7, “Remember those who led you, who spoke the word of God to you; and considering the result of their conduct, imitate their faith.”
G. Heb 13:17, “Obey your leaders, and submit {to them} for they keep watch over your souls, as those who will give an account. Let them do this with joy and not with grief, for this would be unprofitable for you.”
H. They are to honor men who are prepared to communicate the written Word of God.
I. The Pastor-Teacher is the authority over the local church.
J. The Pastor-Teacher is the highest position of authority in the Church today.
K. The Pastor-Teacher exercises his authority over the local church by teaching Bible Doctrine to the members of his congregation that have been placed under his care by God (1 Thess. 5:12).
L. 1 Thessalonians 5:12 says that the Pastor-Teacher has “charge over” his congregation, which has been given to him by God.
M. The Greek word for “charge over” is from the verb proistemi (προιστημι), “to stand over, to stand before,” and is a military term used for those who stood before an army in order to lead or of those who stood over the affairs of government.
N. In 1 Thessalonians 5:12, proistemi refers to the Pastor-Teacher who stands before the Lord’s army, and communicates Bible Doctrine.
O. It refers to the Pastor-Teacher who stands over the affairs of the local church and provides it with leadership.
P. The Pastor is not to abuse his authority by violating the volition of members of his congregation, nor is he to coerce or bully or manipulate the members of his congregation into believing what he says.
Q. Nor is he to stick his nose into the affairs of members of his own congregation.
R. 1 Peter 5:1-3, “Therefore, I exhort the presbuteros (Pastor-Teachers) among you, as your fellow Pastor and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is to be revealed, shepherd (poimano, “to rule, govern, to shepherd”) the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not under compulsion, but voluntarily, according to the will of God; and not for sordid gain, but with eagerness; nor yet as Lording it (abusing your authority as a Pastor) over those (the members of the congregation) to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock.”
S. The Pastor-Teacher who abuses that authority will have to give an account to the Lord.
T. Hebrew 13:17 says, “Obey your leaders (Pastor-Teachers), and submit to them; for they (the Pastor-Teachers) keep watch over your souls, as those who will give an account.”
U. The refusal to submit to his spiritual authority, which is the communication of the Word of God, produces arrogance in the believer.
V. The refusal to submit to the authority of a Pastor-Teacher and be taught the Word of God is a result of arrogance in the believer.
W. The refusal to submit to the authority of a Pastor-Teacher and be taught the Word of God produces ignorance in the believer.
X. An arrogant believer is an ignorant believer.
Y. The two greatest enemies of the believer are arrogance and ignorance because they stop the believer’s spiritual growth.
Z. The responsibility of the Pastor-Teacher is to exercise his spiritual authority as unto the Lord knowing that he is to give an account to the Lord.
AA. The responsibility of each member of the Royal Family is to submit to that authority as unto the Lord.

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BB. Submission to the Pastor’s authority in reality is submission to the Lord and therefore rejection of the Pastor’s authority in reality is rejecting the Lord (Ex. 16:8; 1 Sam. 8:7; Luke 10:16; 1 Thess. 4:8).
CC. The failure of authority to properly function is never grounds for rejecting it.
DD.Rejection of authority is as old as the Angelic Conflict when Satan and a third of the angels rebelled against the authority of God in heaven.
EE. The refusal to submit to the authority of a Pastor-Teacher is a result of Satanic viewpoint.
FF. Submission to authority in both the natural and spiritual realms by the believer glorifies God in the Angelic Conflict because all authority has been given by God (Rom. 13:1).

IX. Royal Family Honor Code
A. Honoring God and men is directly related to the royal family honor code.
B. It demands humility, virtue and integrity on the part of the believer.
C. Wisdom and Virtue
1. Prov 3:16, “Long life is in her right hand; in her left hand are riches and honor.”
2. Prov 8:18, “Riches and honor are with me, enduring wealth and righteousness.”
3. Prov 13:18, “Poverty and shame {will come} to him who neglects discipline, but he who regards reproof will be honored.”
4. Prov 21:18, “The wicked is a ransom for the righteous, and the treacherous is in the place of the upright.”
5. Prov 21:21, “He who pursues righteousness and loyalty finds life, righteousness and honor.”
6. Rom 2:9-10, “{There will be} tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek, but glory and honor and peace to everyone who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.”
D. The believer is to not only honor the Lord but also other believers in the royal family.
E. Philippians 2:3-4, “All of you keep on regarding each other as better than yourselves. Each stop being occupied with your own circumstances but rather the circumstances of others.”
F. Philippians 2:29, “Therefore, you yourselves welcome him in fellowship with the Lord, with unreserved joy and all of you regard one who is of such noble character as this with honor.”
G. The believer is to function according to the standards of the royal family honor code.
H. Respect the privacy of the royal priesthood
1. Christian way of life is a life of freedom (Gal. 5:1)
2. Privacy is essential to freedom.
3. Principle of the royal family honor code is “live and let live” (Rom. 14:7-8)
4. This means no gossip, maligning, judging, evil speculations, hearsay evidence (Rom. 14:10-13).
5. Respect for the privacy of the priesthood demands toleration for erroneous opinions
6. Of immature believers on nonessential matters (Rom. 14:2-3).
7. Bible Doctrine is the only essential (Rom. 14:19).
8. Respect for privacy of the priesthood allows believers to grow at their own pace and not by your standards.
I. Love all people with impersonal love.
1. Impersonal love emphasizes your own integrity.
2. It demands that you hold no grudges or resentment towards anyone.
3. Remember: All believers have the same imputed righteousness of God.
4. Impersonal love rejects self-pity (John 15:12; Rom. 12:9; 1 John 4:11).
J. Recognize that all believers have a common objective.
1. All believers under the honor code must persevere in learning and applying Bible Doctrine.
2. All believers under the honor code must submit to the authority of their right Pastor-teacher.
3. All believers must demonstrate courtesy, thoughtfulness and sensitivity towards others in the local assembly who are at a different stage of spiritual growth than you (Rom. 15:5-7).
K. Build integrity; do not distort morality.
1. Integrity is the standard of the royal family.

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2. Integrity is superior to morality.
3. Morality belongs to both believer and unbeliever alike.
4. Integrity includes morality but exceeds it because it is based upon the Filling of the Spirit and Bible Doctrine.
5. Morality is not the Christian way of life and becomes legalism if assumed to be by the Christian (Rom. 13:1, 8-10).
L. Never assume that production is a means of divine blessing.
1. God recognizes only integrity.
2. Divine integrity is the source of all blessings to man.
3. God blesses from integrity to integrity, therefore, when He sees integrity in the believer as a result of the Filling of the Spirit and metabolized doctrine, He will bless it.
4. God blesses His own imputed righteousness in the believer.
5. God does not bless us on the basis of our human works.
6. Spiritual production is a result of spiritual advance and never the cause.
M. Depend totally on the integrity of God.
1. The believer’s point of contact with God is His integrity.
2. The entire Christian way of life can be summarized as Integrity First or adjustment to the integrity of God.
3. This total dependence on God’s justice and righteousness is called hope or confidence or confident expectation of blessing (Rom. 15:13).
4. This confident expectation of blessing motivates and sustains the believer’s spiritual momentum.
5. The believer is carried to spiritual maturity by thinking under an honor code principle.
6. Right thinking creates right motivation, and right motivation leads to right action (Rom. 12:1-2).
N. Remember that the honor code is for all believers.
1. Royal Family Honor Code is for all types of believers with all types of different backgrounds.
2. All believers have Equal Privilege and Equal Opportunity to execute the plan of God regardless of social, economic, sexual, racial status or human IQ.
3. All believers rely upon the laws of divine establishment and the Royal Family Honor Code (Rom. 12:3; 13:1-8).
O. More is demanded of the strong than the weak.
1. We are all royalty, yet no two believers are equal.
2. Some believers are more mature or stronger than others.
3. Maturity imposes the obligation of honorable, generous, and responsible behavior as is befitting of noble birth or rank (Rom. 15:1-4).
4. The mature believer is to tolerate the immature believer (Rom. 14:1).
5. The mature believer is confident and says, “I may bend, but I will not break.”
6. The mature believer has a relaxed sense of humor about himself, and about life, and about others.
7. He employs impersonal love if needed when interacting with the immature believer.
P. Orient to authority.
1. Arrogant people are weak.
2. Weak people resent authority.
3. Authority protects freedom (1 Pet. 2:13-18).
4. Humble people submit to authority.
5. Genuine humility submits to the pastor who faithfully teaches Bible Doctrine (Heb. 13:7, 17).
6. God has delegated His authority to pastors (Eph. 4:11).
Q. Give to those who provide you Bible Doctrine.
1. Christian giving is a matter of honor under the royal family’s code of conduct.
2. Christian giving depends upon proper motivation from metabolized doctrine (Mark 12:41-44).
3. The honor code of the Christian demands a generous attitude in return for benefits received (Rom. 15:26-27).
R. A humble person is someone who respects and honors all legitimate authority in life.

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S. Humility responds to:
1. Establishment truth by submitting to authority.
2. Bible Doctrine by living in God’s system for perfect happiness.
T. Humility is a state of honor and integrity (Prov. 11:2; 15:33; 29:23).
U. Humility and arrogance are systems of thinking.
V. There are 3 categories of humility:
1. Organized
2. Enforced
3. Genuine
W. Organizational humility:
1. Home and Family
2. Soul
3. Local Church
X. Enforced humility:
1. Parental authority
2. Authority of your own volition over your soul
3. Pastor’s authority
Y. Genuine humility:
1. Positive response to your parent’s authority as a child.
2. Self-discipline as an adult.
3. Positive volition towards Bible Doctrine
4. Happiness depends upon enforced and genuine humility in the soul.
5. A truly humble person is someone who perceives, metabolizes and applies Bible Doctrine on a daily basis under the authority of their right Pastor-Teacher while Filled with the Spirit.
Z. Humility is demonstrated in the life of the unbeliever in 2 categories:
1. Operating according to establishment principles.
2. Acknowledgement of his totally depraved and helpless condition as a sinner who is in need of a Savior and acceptance of the Lord Jesus Christ as Savior by making a non-meritorious decision to believe in Him.
AA. Kenosis of Christ
1. The Kenosis teaches us what true humility is.
2. True humility refers to obedience to the Plan of God and using what God has given us to execute that Plan.
3. Hebrews 5:7-9, “In the days of His flesh (humanity), He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His respectful submission to the Father’s plan. Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things, which He suffered. And having been made perfect (execution of the plan of God at the Cross), He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation.”
4. We are to have the same attitude of humility that the humanity of Christ had.
5. He executed God’s Plan for His life by using what God had given him.
6. The Kenosis reveals the thinking of our Lord’s humanity (Phil. 2:5).
7. God the Son voluntarily submitted to the plan of the Father and, as a man, demonstrated an attitude that we are to have.

X. Rewards
A. The believer who honors the authority of the written Word of God in his life by living according to its commandments will be blessed.
B. The believer who functions according to the royal family honor code to the extent that he executes the Plan of God for the church age will be rewarded at the Bema Seat Evaluation.
C. The believer who honors God will in turn be honored by God.

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D. Crowns and rewards will be distributed at the Bema Seat Evaluation of Christ.
E. These crowns are the result of the believer producing divine good through the utilization of the 2 power options.
F. Crowns and rewards glorify God because in order to produce the divine good necessary to receive these rewards the believer has to utilize what God the Father has already provided from eternity past under the principles of Election and Predestination.
G. Every believer has equal opportunity and equal privilege to receive rewards at the Bema Seat Evaluation of Christ.
H. Personal love for God the Father and occupation with Christ must be the believer’s motivation for receiving these rewards.
I. The Filling of the Spirit is the means of attaining these rewards.
J. The purpose of receiving rewards is to glorify God in the angelic conflict.
K. These rewards were designed by God the Father in eternity past (Eph. 2:10).
L. Only the believer who is a spiritual champion and finishes the spiritual race that the Father has set before them will receive these rewards, which glorify Him and His Son Jesus Christ.
M. Rewards will be distributed immediately after the Rapture or exit-resurrection of the Church at the Bema Seat Evaluation of Christ.
N. The Bema Seat Evaluation of Christ is the evaluation of the Church Age believers works.
O. It will take place in the earth’s atmosphere (1 Thess. 4:14-17).
P. 2 Corinthians 5:8 states that every Church Age believer must “appear before the judgement seat of Christ.”
Q. This is judgement is not to determine salvation which was already accomplished for every believer at the moment of personal faith in Jesus Christ on earth.
R. This judgement is an evaluation of the believer’s works whether they were done with proper motivation from the application of metabolized doctrine under the enabling power of God the Holy Spirit or from the power of the old sin nature (2 Cor. 5:10; 1 Cor. 3:11-15).
S. The believer’s works will be tested by fire (1 Cor. 3:11-15).
T. God will only accept that which was performed by His power and not the old sin nature.
U. A perfect God can only accept that which is performed by perfect power, therefore, the believer must perform his good deeds by employing the 2 great power options:
1. Filling of the Spirit.
2. Bible Doctrine
V. The loser believer’s will remain in the earth’s atmosphere until the winner believer’s have been acknowledged before the Father in heaven (Rv. 3:5).
W. The following rewards will be presented by the Lord Jesus Christ at the Bema Seat Evaluation:

1. “Crown of righteousness” (Tes dikaiosunes stephanos) (thvς dikaiosuvnhς stevfanoς) (2 Timothy 4:7-8).
2. “Crown of life” (Ton stephano tes zoes) (tovn stevfanon th`ς zoh`ς) (Re. 2:10).
3. “Incorruptible crown of glory” (Ton amarntinon tes doxes stephanon) (tovn a*maravntinon th~ς dovxhς stevfanon) (1 Pe. 5:4; 1 Th. 2:19-20; 1 Co. 9:24-27; Phil. 4:1).
4. “Order of the morning star” (Re. 3:4).
5. “Crown of life” (ton stephano tes zoes) (tovn stevfanon th`ς zoh`ς) (Ja. 1:12; Rv. 2:10).
6. “Crown of rejoicing” (stephanos kaucheseos) (stevfanoς kauchvsewς) (1 Th. 2:19-20; 1 Co. 9:24-27; Phil. 4:1).
X. Winner Believer
1. The winner believer will receive a New Knighthood (Rev. 2:17).
2. He will also receive a New Title in the Lamb’s book of life.
3. The winner believer will have a Membership to the Paradise Club and access to the Gazebo in the Garden (Rev. 2:7, 14).
4. The winner believer will have his name recorded in the historical record section of heaven (Rev. 3:12).

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5. The winner believer will be acknowledged (homologeo) before God the Father in heaven by the Lord Jesus Christ at the Great Genuflex (Rev. 3:5).
6. The winner believer will rule with Christ during the Millennium (Rom. 5:17; 8:14; 2 Tim. 2:12; Rev. 2:26; 3:21).
7. The Bema Seat Evaluation of Christ is a time or receiving or losing rewards.
8. There is no loss of salvation.
9. The winners receive the conveyance of their Escrow blessings for the eternal state.
10. The purpose of this Bema Seat is to evaluate.
11. The Bema Seat Evaluation is the mature believer’s confidence (1 John 2:28; 4:17).
12. Only mature believers receive the conveyance of their Escrow blessings for the eternal state (Rev. 22:12).
13. Losers experience temporary shame and embarrassment (Rom. 5:5; Phil. 1:20; Phil. 3:18-19).
14. Loss of Escrow blessings and rewards for the eternal state does not imply loss of salvation (1 Cor. 3:14-15; 2 Tim. 2:11-13).