Doctrine of Abrahamic Covenant

August 25, 2011


A.  Definition and Description.
1.  The unconditional covenant (agreement, disposition) between God, as party of the first part, in favor of Abraham and his progeny, as the party of the second part, is the Abrahamic Covenant.  This is a justice covenant from the justice of God.  Unconditional means there are no strings attached.
2.  This covenant is a deposition made by God in favor of Abraham.
3.  Like all covenants, it is a part of the divine decrees.
4.  Abraham is the beneficiary without merit.  The source of this blessing to Abraham and his descendants is not any merit in Abraham, but Abraham’s adjustment to the justice of God and the fact that God is pleased.
5.  The source of this blessing to Abraham and his descendants is the justice of God.  The justice of God is free to fulfill this covenant to Abraham at the point of his adjustment to the justice of God through the attainment of his spiritual maturity.  It’s one thing to be in the covenant (via salvation and rebound); it’s another thing to know and understand the covenant (in maturity).

B.  The Original Declaration of the Covenant, Gen 12: 13.
1.  “Now JHWH [Jesus Christ] had spoken to Abram, ‘Go with reference to yourself from your land, and from your relatives, and from the place of your birth, to a land which I will cause you to see; And I will manufacture from you a great nation, and I will bless you, and I will cause your person to become great; therefore, you will become a blessing.  And I will bless those who bless you, but the one who despises you, I will curse, and all the races shall be blessed through you.’”
2.  Verse one emphasizes Abraham’s necessary isolation and separation from Ur for the fulfillment of the covenant, for the development of the new race, and for the development of his spiritual advance, plus separation from his family to avoid personal distraction.  Land is specified because of coming disaster.
3.  Verse two is Abraham’s logistical grace support necessary to fulfill this promise.  All four categories of blessing were given for the encouragement of his momentum, and in anticipation of his reaching maturity and historical impact.
4.  Verse three is miscellaneous because it has three clauses:
a. Blessing by association.
b. A curse on anti-Semitism.
c. Messianic blessing clause.

C.  The Land Promise in the Abrahamic Covenant, Gen 13:1416.
1.  “And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him, ‘Now lift up your eyes and look from the place where you are, northward and southward and eastward and westward; for all the land which you see, I will give to you and to your progeny forever.  And I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth; so that if anyone can count the dust of the earth, then your descendants also can be counted.’”
2.  This is amplified in Gen 15:1821, which gives the dimensions.
3.  The Jews do not have any right to this land until Jesus Christ returns at the Second Advent.  Any land they acquire now must be by conquest, as with all other nations.  Until the Second Advent, the Jews only attain land by the principle of seizing and holding, a military principle found in divine institution number four.  To date, David had the largest amount of land by conquering the indigenous population of the Jebusites.
4.  This land promised goes from the Nile to Saudi Arabia and from the Euphrates to the Mediterranean.

D.  The Covenant was Confirmed to Isaac, Gen 26:34.
1.  This had to be done to prove the covenant would not be fulfilled through the line of Ishmael.
2.  This is the doctrine of blessing by association.  Nations are blessed because of their relationship with the Jewish nation.

E.  The Covenant was Confirmed to Abraham’s Grandson Jacob, Gen 35:12.  This is why the title of Jesus Christ is so important as “the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.”

F.  The Covenant was Confirmed at the Time of the Exodus, Ex 6:28.
1.  This was the time for the formation of the Jewish nation.  This covenant was the basis on which God delivered the Jews, a race in slavery, and caused them to become a nation.
2.  Six hundred years after the death of Abraham there are still blessings to the Jews, all from blessing to one mature believer.
3.  EL SHADDAI means the manybreasted God, referring to His many grace provisions.

G.  The Mechanics of the Abrahamic Covenant Demanded Ultra-Supergrace Sexual Prosperity, Gen 17:17; Rom 4:1318.
1. There is blessing in every generation to the Jews of that generation.  The omnipotence and logistical grace support of God are emphasized.
2.  Gen 17:2, “That I may give My covenant between Me and you; I will cause you to be multiplied by maximum use of My power.”

H.  The New Race and Land are Brought Together in the Covenant, Gen 17:8.  “Furthermore, I have given to you and to your descendants after you, the land of your pilgrimage, all the land of Canaan, for an eternal possession; therefore, I will be your God.”

I.  Circumcision is the Ritual of Confirmation and Acknowledgment that this is an Unconditional Covenant, Gen 17:914; Rom 4:9-12.
1.    Circumcision in Israel is a reminder that God keeps His word.
2.   Circumcision means that any Jew who believes in Christ will be the recipient of this covenant forever.
3.   Circumcision illustrates the faith-rest drill and Abraham’s dependence on the omnipotence and faithfulness of God.

J.  Amplification of the Covenant after Abraham Passes Momentum Testing, Gen 22:1724.

K.  The Covenant and Joseph’s Coffin.  The Abrahamic covenant became the basis of Joseph having something greater in dying than he ever had in living:  Joseph’s coffin.  His coffin was a doctrinal reminder to the Jews that God would deliver them.  It was never placed in the ground, but was carried with the Jews to the land, Heb 11:22.

L.  God Has Promised a City Forever Suspended Over the Land, Rev 21:2, 10.
1.  This city, the new Jerusalem, extends from the Nile to the Euphrates, and from the Mediterranean to Saudi Arabia.
2.  This city is so beautiful that it looks like a bride.  Of course, all brides are beautiful, being animated.
3.  This city is part of Abraham’s eternal escrow blessings.

M.  Abraham’s Leadership, Gen 12:3; 13:5-18; 14:1-24; 15:1-5.
1.  Abraham became the greatest leader of the ancient world and one of the greatest leaders of all history.  He is one of the greatest military leaders as well as one of the greatest spiritual leaders of all time.
2.  The greatest terrorist who ever lived was Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, Gen 14:1.
3.  Abraham fought the greatest battle against terrorism that has ever been fought.
4.  The background is the decoration given to Abraham in Gen 12:3, “And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse.  And in you all the nations of the earth will be blessed.”  The nation or people that curse Israel will eventually be destroyed.  This is the trend of history ignored by terrorists.
5.  Abraham is the beneficiary of the decoration in the form of the unconditional covenant that God gave to him as a result of the defeat of Chedorlaomer.  It is more than just an unconditional covenant, but one of the highest decorations ever given to a person.
6.  Gen 13:5-18; 14:1-24; 15:1-6
a. Abraham passed the leadership test with Lot by allowing Lot to have any land he wanted.  Abraham graciously gives Lot the first choice of the best land, even though this was contrary to the protocol at the time, so that Lot would always have to recognize the fact that it was his decision where to live.  Abraham does not react, is not resentful, and does not feel sorry for himself because Lot chose the better land.  You cannot be a leader and feel sorry for yourself.  Abraham knows that the Lord owns the cattle on a thousand hills, and therefore can provide exceedingly abundantly beyond all Abraham can ask or think.  Lot had no respect for his uncle Abram.
b. Therefore, because Abraham depended upon God for his choice of land, God gave him all the land he could see in every direction.  This land grant covenant is the decoration given to Abraham, Gen 13:14-16.
c. The punishment of Lot was that he lost all that he owned in the battle where Chedorlaomer defeated the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah.
(1)  There was an invasion of the Mesopotamian kings shortly after Lot moved to the land he wanted.
(2)  Chedorlaomer was the leader of the four kings of Gen 14:1.  The other three kings were under him.  They were great terrorists.
(3)  Bera, the king of Sodom, was the leader of the five kings, who gathered against Chedorlaomer and his group.  Bera and the group of kings with him had served Chedorlaomer for twelve years, but now rebelled against him.
(4)  The five kings of the valley where the Dead Sea now exists lost the battle to Chedorlaomer and his group.  Therefore, Lot was enslaved along with his family.
d. Abraham had trained his small (318 men) group of men for war.  It was not a large army, but it was the best trained.
(1)  Abraham thought under pressure.
(2)  He was prepared for the crisis.  His troops were already on alert.  He anticipated what would probably happen.
(3)  He took immediate action and did not delay.  He believed in freedom through military victory.
(4)  He was not afraid to take a risk to win in battle.  He did the unexpected by attacking at night.  Night fighting tactics are the most difficult tactics in warfare, because it requires the greatest discipline.
(5)  Abraham also divided his forces, which was very dangerous. He had to do this to make his forces seem larger than they really were.
(6)  He defeated five kings and their armies with a light infantry battalion.  When a small group of men defeat a large army, it is a sign of the greatest leadership.
(7)  After the defeat of Chedorlaomer, Abram was met by two kings at two separate places.  The king of Sodom went to meet Abraham to make a deal, but before he could get to Abraham, Abraham was met by his dear friend and fellow-believer, the king of Salem, Melchizedek, who came to meet him to bless him.
(8)  The strategy, tactics, and characteristics of a great leader include certain things:
(a)  A leader has a military that is prepared.
(b)  A leader has innovation in his training and readiness.
(c)  A leader has proper use of terrain and conditions.
(d)  A leader uses bold, unexpected forms of attack.
e. Gen 14:18-20  Melchizedek, the king of Salem, a priest of “God Most High” blessed Abram for what he had done to save the lives of so many people.  The “God Most High” is a title of Jesus Christ.  The correct title of Gen 14:19 is “God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth.”  Compare Col 1:16-17.  Melchizedek, the pastor of Abram, had a communion service with Abram and demonstrated the importance of the chaplain in the military.  Melchizedek helped protect Abram from the slime of the king of Sodom.
f. Gen 14:21-23.  After the blessing by Melchizedek, Abram receives a test from the king of Sodom.  The king of Sodom wanted to cut a deal with Abram and have him take all the wealth from the plunder.  But Abram refused to take any of the booty, so that the king of Sodom could not take any credit from God for what God had done for Abram.  Abram made sure his victory belonged only to God and that God got all the glory.  Abram refused to take credit for the victory.  This was loyalty up to God.
g. Gen 14:24.  Abram shows loyalty down to the men who fought with and for him by asking for a share of the booty to give to the men who fought with him.  Abram was loyal to his troops and his troops were loyal to him.
h. In Gen 15:1-6, when Jesus Christ said to Abram “I am a shield to you”, this was a great decoration and reward.
(1)  After great victory, the believer is always vulnerable to defeat.
(2)  The reason for this vulnerability is that Satan is the great counter attacker.  Abraham will abandon his spiritual life by entering into anxiety.
(3)  Abram, as a mature believer, has just won four great victories, Gen 14.
(a)  He won the mental attitude victory in relation to his nephew Lot.  He used the divine solution to solve the problem of strife.
(b)  He won the combat victory in the defeat of the terrorist army.
(c)  He won the victory of motivation, when he refused to enter into a deal with the king of Sodom.  Instead he gave all the glory to God.
(d)  He won the victory over self-righteousness.  He never made an issue over Lot’s choice of Sodom.
(4)  Three things seem to be bothering Abram and causing him worry and anxiety.
(a)  He began to have a fear of retaliation from the terrorist army.  This is why Jesus Christ said, “I am a shield to you.”
(b)  He had anxiety about human security.  He may have had second thoughts about the king of Sodom’s offer to take all the wealth.
(c)  He was worried about the lack of an heir from his own loins.
(5)  So Abraham enters into a state of fear, worry, and anxiety.  So the Lord tells him to stop being afraid and gives him a promise and reward that He will be the shield of his protection.  A similar decoration was given to David.  Abram does something he has never done before he complains in carnality that he does not have a son.  He is occupied with himself, and commits the sin of whining.
(6)  As a reward, God Himself is the greatest reward; God is the source of the most important things in life.  To have the Source is to have everything, but to have everything without the Source is to have nothing.  Abram has had the best from God but complains about a detail of life.
(a)  When a detail of life disturbs your spiritual life, then God as the source of blessing is not in focus.
(b)  When the Source is not the focus of your spiritual life, the believer complains even though he has everything in life.
(c)  Abram is talking to the source of his blessing but is not occupied with Him.
(d)  Happiness is not in the gift, but in the Giver.  The neglect of doctrine will cause this every time.
(e)  The gift can only be enjoyed when the believer loves the Giver.  Love for the Giver means enjoyment of the gift.
(f)  Abram is not ready for Isaac.
(g)  How can a man complain, when he has everything?  It’s easy. All he has to do is neglect doctrine and lose his occupation with Christ.
(h)  Once you lose the focus of occupation with Christ, then you begin to think about what you do not have rather than what you do have.
(i)  You can only enjoy what you have when you are occupied with the source of blessing: God. He provides these things.
(j)  When you count your blessings and one is missing, it is a sign of your loss of focus.  Instead of being thankful for what you have, you are complaining to God about what you do not have.
(k)  You have forgotten to count the Blessor in the blessings.
(l)  A complaining attitude is a sign of retrogression in spirituality.
(m)  Complaining is a warning sign that all is not well in our relationship with Christ.
(n)  Complaining means we have forgotten the unfailing love of God.
(o)  When we forget the unfailing love of God we cannot serve the Lord with a superabundance of happiness, Ps 100:2.
(p)  Complaining and serving the Lord with a superabundance of happiness are mutually exclusive.
(q)  Great leaders have bad moments.  There was nothing wrong with Eliezer.  He was a good man, a faithful servant to Abram, and he was loyal to Abram.  Lot fails in service to Abram, but Eliezer did not.
(7)  Abram says that there was nothing God could give him, except a child to be his heir.  He is blaming God instead of trusting God, which is blasphemy.  Abram was ninety-nine years old before he finally caught on to trusting God without wavering.
(a)  Worry not only produces complaint but makes a patsy out of God.
(b)  The believer who worries always looks for someone to blame.
(c)  To make God a patsy is blasphemy.
(d)  Therefore, worried believers are never rational about their complaints.
(e)  The elapse of so much time and Sarah’s continued barrenness are too much for Abram at this time.
(f)  While time is the invention of God, time is never a deadline in the fulfillment of a promise or blessing from God.  God’s timing is perfect.
(g)  Abram forgets that he must have the spiritual relationship with God in the advance of his spiritual life to match the high decoration of this unconditional covenant, so that he will appreciate the gift.  God giving him such a gift as an heir first requires that he has the ability to have an heir.
(h)  Abram has bitterness because God has not opened Sarah’s womb and given back Abram his sexual ability in the elapse of time.  So time has become a factor to Abram, but time is never a factor to God.
(i)  The time Abram spent in carnality was wasted time.  God will not give him the blessing he expected in a state of carnality or failure in his reciprocal love for God.
(j)  God provides for each of us one day at a time and the doctrine to enjoy that one day.  By anticipating the future, we miss the blessings of the moment.  Every moment should be important.
(k)  By missing the blessing of the moment, we postpone the blessing of the future.  Today’s doctrine means tomorrow’s blessing.  The accumulation of today’s doctrine with tomorrow’s doctrine means great future blessing.  Future blessing anticipated must never destroy today’s blessing.
(l)  Anticipation without realization often produces bitterness and complaint, which destroys both today’s and tomorrow’s blessing from God.
(m)  So God graciously provides today’s doctrine for Abram, so that the frustrated anticipation will become a genuine hope.
(8)  So Jesus Christ promises that Abram would have an heir from his own body.  This was another great test of Abram.  Instead of looking east, west, north, and south, the Lord now tells Abram to look up at the stars.  Gen 15:6 is a declaration of the faith-rest drill.  God credited this faith to him as integrity.  He received unique blessing from the love of God.
(a)  Abram receives his daily portion of doctrine, which gives great substance to his future hope.
(b)  To the believer positive to doctrine, the teaching of the infallible word of God is always timely.
(c)  Persistent positive volition toward doctrine is the means of clarifying every issue in life.
(d)  Abram will have an heir from his own body, but the timing is not yet right.  Therefore, there must be a second test of Abraham’s faith at night.
(9)  The promise of God in Gen 15:5 was Abram’s personal decoration and reward from the Lord. He was the first man in history to ever receive this kind of reward from God.  This is the highest decoration any believer can receive from the unfailing love of God in the fulfillment of serving the Lord with a superabundance of happiness in time of testing.  Abraham finally had a superabundance of happiness in time of testing.
i.  Rom 4:16-22  Abram believed that God would give him children and grandchildren.  He did not waiver in unbelief in spite of the sexual death of his body and Sarah’s.  His faith became stronger and he was fully persuaded that God was able to perform what He had promised.
j. It isn’t the fact we are under the attack of terrorism, but the daily testing by God, believing God, and recognizing that God is far greater than anything that could ever happen to us. There is nothing too great for God to handle and nothing better than the system of doctrine He has given us to understand and believe God.  We can pass one test after another with great happiness as Abraham did.