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Doctrine of Trinity

July 17, 2010

BIBLICAL EVIDENCE THAT GOD IS THREE PERSONS

1.    The Doctrine Is Set Forth in the Old Testament.

A.    The term elohim [ Gods ] is plural and it is used properly with plural forms of speech.

B.    In Psalm 2:2, 6, there is a distinction between Jehovah and  Messiah.

C.    There are times when the angel of Jehovah is One other than Jehovah, and at other times He is Jehovah Himself.

D.    The word Immanuel indicates that God the Father has entered the human race in the incarnation of His Son, who became flesh and dwelt among us.

E.    The three primary names of Deity are directly ascribed to each of the three Persons of the Godhead:  Jehovah, Elohim, Adonai.

Father:

called Elohim
called Jehovah

Son:

called el (Isa. 9:6)
called Jehovah (Ps. 68:18; Is. 6:1-3; 45:21)

Holy Spirit:

called Jehovah (Is. 11:2 cf. Judges. 15:14)
called Elohim (Ex. 31:3)

F.    Three distinct Persons are indicated in the following verses:

2 Samuel 2, 3:
Isaiah 48:16
Is. 63:7-10

G.    Three passages in which Deity is determined to be plural:

Genesis. 1:26 [ God = Elohim ]
Ecc. 12:1 [ Creator = Creators ]
Isa. 54:5 [ Maker = Makers ]

2.    The Doctrine Is Set Forth in the New Testament.

A.    The Trinity and the Names of God.

1)    The Father is called God.  (Gal. 1:1)

2)    The Son is called God.

God.  (Jn. 1:1 cf. 1:14)
the true God.  (1 Jn. 5:20)
the blessed God.  (Rom. 9:5)
the great God.  (Tit. 2:13)

3)    The Holy Spirit is called God.  (Acts 5:3-9)

B.    The Attributes of God and the Trinity.

1)    The Triune Members of the Godhead Are Said to Be Eternal.

Father  (Ps. 90:2)
Son  (Micah 5:2; John 1:2; Rev. 1:8, 17)
Holy Spirit  (Heb. 9:14)

2)    The Triune Members of the Godhead Are Said to Be Omnipotent.

Father (1 Peter 1:5)
Son (2 Cor. 12:9)
Holy Spirit (Rom. 15:19)

3)    The Triune Members of the Godhead Are Said to Be Omniscient.

Father (Jer. 17:10)
Son (Rev. 2:23)
Holy Spirit (I Cor. 2:11)

4)    The Triune Members of the Godhead Are Said to Be Omnipresent.

Father (Jer. 23:24)
Christ (Matt. 18:20)
Holy Spirit (Ps. 139:7)

5)    The Triune Members of the Godhead Are Said to Be Holy.

Father (Rev. 15:4)
Christ (Acts 3:14)
Holy Spirit, who is commonly presented in the Old Testament as “the Holy Spirit.”

6)    The Triune Members of the Godhead Are Described as the Truth.

Father (John 7:28)
Christ (Rev. 3:7)
Holy Spirit (1 John 5:6)

7)    The Triune Members of the Godhead Are Said to Be Benevolent.

Father (Rom. 2:4)
Christ (Eph. 5:25)
Holy Spirit (Neh. 9:20)

8)    Communion or fellowship is also ascribed to each Person of the Trinity.

1 John 1:3
2 Cor. 13:14

C.    The Works of God and the Trinity.

Each important work of God is separately ascribed to the Father, to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit.  The thought is not so much that They acted as partners as that They acted individually in completing what They undertook to do.

1)    The Creation of the universe is attributed to each Person of the Trinity individually.  Their several works are combined in the statement that God (Elohim) is the Creator.

Father (Ps. 102:25)
Christ (Col. 1:16)
Holy Spirit (Gen. 1:2)

2)    The creation of man was a creative act of the Triune God.

Gen. 2:7
Col. 1:16
Job 33:4)

In Isaiah 54:5 “your Maker,” though translated as a singular, is again a plural.

3)    The Incarnation involved activity of all three Persons of the Trinity.

The first Person is properly addressed as “Father.”
The Holy Spirit generated the Son.
And the Son was the One who is bom (Luke 1:35; John 1:14).

4)    The life and ministry of Christ offers extensive evidence of the interrelationship of the Trinity.

God is His Father as Christ addressed Him
And Christ was filled with the Spirit.

5)    The death of Christ on the cross.

Christ recognized that His death was fulfilling the will of the Father (Ps. 22:15; cf.  Rom. 8:32)
It was the Father who loved the world so much that He gave His Son (John 3:16).
Christ is also said to have laid down His own life (John 10:18; Gal. 2:20).
Christ is said to have offered Himself to God “ through the eternal Spirit” (Heb. 9:14)

6)    The resurrection of Christ also involved each Person of the Trinity.

Father (Acts 2:24)
Son (John 10:18)
Holy Spirit (Heb. 2:11; Jude 1)

7)    The resurrection of all mankind is also related to the work of the Trinity.

the Father and the Son (John 5:21)
the Holy Spirit (Rom. 8:11)

8)    The inspiration of the Scriptures is also attributed to each Person of the Trinity though the emphasis is on the role of the Holy Spirit.

2 Tim. 3:16
1 Peter 1:10-11
2 Peter 1:21

9)    A minister of the Gospel receives his authority from the Trinity

Acts 20:28
2 Cor. 3:5-6
1 Tim. 1: 12

10)    The indwelling presence of God. is also an indwelling of all three Persons of the Trinity.

Eph. 4:6
Col. 1:27; cf. 1 Cor. 6:19
In John 14 all three Persons of the Trinity are promised the believer. (John 14:17, 23)

11)    The work of sanctification involves the Trinity (1 Cor. 6:11; ??????

12)    The believer is given safekeeping by each member of the Trinity.

John 10:29 cf. v. 28
Rom. 8:34
Eph. 4:30

D.    The Worship of the God and the Trinity.

All created intelligences are appointed to render worship to God, and their worship includes the Triune Godhead.

1)    Angels worship the Godhead.

Isa. 6:3
Rev. 4:8

2)    Saints worship the Triune Godhead.

John 16:23-24
Eph. 6:18

3)    In the benedictions.

Numbers 6:24-26
2 Cor. 13:14