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Doctrine of Feast of Pentecost

January 28, 2011

Feast of Pentecost
The 23rd chapter of the book of Leviticus gives us an account of the 7 Great Feasts of the Lord. They were a prophecy and foreshadowing of future events, part of which have been fulfilled, and part are yet to be. They are the “shadow of things to come,” of which Christ is the “body” or substance (Col. 2:16-17). They were “holy convocations” of the people. The Lord instituted them. The people had no say in the matter. God promised that if the males went up at the appointed time to Jerusalem to keep these Feasts, He would look after their families. When the people became legalistic and arrogant, the Lord said, “I hate your new moons and your appointed feasts; they have become a burden to Me. I am weary of bearing them” (Isa. 1:14). Therefore Jesus called them the “feasts of the Jews,” rather than the “feasts of the Lord.” The “feasts of the Lord” are 7 in number. If we include the Sabbath there are 8. But the Sabbath stands by itself. It was to be observed “weekly,” the other feasts “annually.” The Sabbath was to be observed at “home,” the other feasts at “Jerusalem.”
The 7 Feasts may be divided into 2 sections of 4 and 3. The 1st section includes the following feasts: (1) Passover (2) Unleavened Bread (3) First-Fruits (4) Pentecost. Then there was an interval of 4 months followed by the 2nd section includes the following feasts: (1) Trumpets (2) Atonement (3) Tabernacles.
The 3 Great Festivals were the following: (1) Passover (2) Pentecost (3) Tabernacles. They extended from the 14th day of the 1st month (Nisan) to the 22nd day of the 7th month Tishri or Ethanim. These 7 Feasts were given to only given to Israel to be observed and not the Church. They do however dispensational implications since they mark God’s timetable with reference to human history. Each of these 7 Feasts were designed in eternity past to be literally fulfilled by our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. They speak of Lord Jesus Christ’s intervention into human history.
The following Feasts were literally fulfilled by the Lord Jesus Christ during the dispensation of the hypostatic union: (1) Passover: His voluntary substitutionary spiritual death on the cross in April of 30 A.D. (2) Unleavened Bread: His impeccability as a Person. (3) Pentecost was literally fulfilled when the Baptism of the Spirit took place in June of 30 A.D., which marked the beginning of the Church Age.
The following Feasts are eschatological in nature and thus have yet to be literally fulfilled: (1) Trumpets: Rapture or exit-resurrection of the Church terminating the Church Age. (2) Atonement: 2nd Advent of Christ ending the Tribulation dispensation. (3) Tabernacles: Millennial Reign of Christ on planet earth.
Fifty days after the Feast of Passover, the Feast of Pentecost was observed. This was literally fulfilled on the day of Pentecost in the city of Jerusalem in June of 30 A.D. The Church Age began on the day of Pentecost. The space between the feast of Passover and the day of Pentecost was 50 days. Pentecost is also called the Feast of Weeks (Ex. 34:22; Deut. 16:10, 16; 2 Chron. 8:13). It was called this because it was celebrated 7 complete weeks, or 50 days, after the Passover (Lev. 23:15-16). It was also called the Feast of the Harvest (Ex. 23:16) because it concluded the harvest of the latter grains. Pentecost was also known as the day of the first fruits (Num. 28:26) because the 1st loaves made from the new grain were then offered on the altar (Lev. 23:17).
Pentecost began with the offering of the First-Fruits of the Barley Harvest and ended with the ingathering of the Wheat Harvest. The 1st day of the Feast of the First-Fruits, the Last Day was the Feast of Pentecost. Only the 1st and last day were celebrated. At the Feast of Pentecost new
2003 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries
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2003 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries
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Meat offering was to be offered before the Lord, which depicts the Church as something new, a mystery. It was called new because it must be of grain from the new harvest. This also speaks of the Church.
At the Feast of First-Fruits stalks of grain were to be offered and waved, but at the Feast of Pentecost the grain was to ground and made into flour, from which 2 loaves were to be baked with leaven.
The 2 loaves represent the 2 classes of people that were to form the Church: (1) Jews (2) Gentiles. These believers are not perfect, even though saved, that imperfection is represented by the leaven. A burnt offering of 7 lambs without blemish of the 1st year, 1 young bullock and 2 rams were to be offered with the wave loaves as was also meat and drink offerings for a sweet aroma to the Lord.
These were to be followed by a sin offering of a kid of the goats depicting rebound and 2 lambs of the 1st year for peace offering portraying reconciliation. These are loaves and not stalks of grain represent Equal Privilege and Equal Opportunity that each member of the Church has to execute the Plan of God and glorify God the Father in 2 categories: (1) Conveyance of Escrow Blessings for both time and eternity. (2) Witnesses for the Prosecution in the rebuttal phase of Satan’s appeal trial.
The Feast of Pentecost had its literal fulfillment in June of 30 A.D. in the city of Jerusalem. The 1st occurrence of the Baptism of the Spirit took place on that day and continues throughout the Church Age placing the believer in union and permanently identifying him with Christ in His death, burial and resurrection (1 Cor. 12:13). Between the Feast of Pentecost and the Feast of Trumpets there was an interval of 4 months during which the Harvest and Vintage were gathered in. There was no convocation of the people during those busy months in the fields. This long interval typifies the present dispensation in which the Holy Spirit is gathering out from the world the Church or the royal family of God. The Feast of Trumpets depicts the end of the Church Age and the beginning of the Tribulation period when Israel will become a Client nation to God again.